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  1. Content type: Research article

    We wished to evaluate the efficacy and safety of liposomal paclitaxel and docetaxel for induction chemotherapy (IC) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).

    Authors: Sai-Lan Liu, Xue-Song Sun, Xiao-Yun Li, Qiu-Yan Chen, Huan-Xin Lin, Yue-Feng Wen, Shan-Shan Guo, Li-Ting Liu, Hao-Jun Xie, Qing-Nan Tang, Yu-Jing Liang, Jin-Jie Yan, Chao Lin, Zhen-Chong Yang, Lin-Quan Tang, Ling Guo…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1279

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Ventana ALK (D5F3) screening of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangement in tissue specimens has been approved by US FDA (Food and Drug Administration) to select treatment for non–small-cell lung ca...

    Authors: Hui Qin Guo, Jia Jia, Lin Lin Zhao, Huan Zhao, Cong Wang, Yue Sun, Jian Ming Ying, Lei Guo, Jian Cao and Zhi Hui Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1277

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Regulatory T cells (Treg) suppress cytotoxic T cell anti-tumoral immune responses and thereby promote tumor progression. Prevention of intratumoral Treg accumulation by inhibition of their migration to the tum...

    Authors: Benjamin Kuehnemuth, Ignazio Piseddu, Gabriela M. Wiedemann, Michael Lauseker, Christina Kuhn, Simone Hofmann, Elisa Schmoeckel, Stefan Endres, Doris Mayr, Udo Jeschke and David Anz

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1278

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In the absence of head-to-head trials comparing axitinib with cabozantinib or everolimus, the aim of this study was to conduct an indirect comparison of their relative efficacy in patients with metastatic rena...

    Authors: Irina Proskorovsky, Agnes Benedict, Sylvie Negrier, Danielle Bargo, Rickard Sandin, Krishnan Ramaswamy, Jigar Desai, Joseph C. Cappelleri and James Larkin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1271

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women affecting one out of eight females throughout their lives. Autotaxin (ATX) is upregulated in breast cancer which results in increased lysophosphatidic acid ...

    Authors: Rafael Schmid, Katharina Wolf, Jan W. Robering, Selina Strauß, Pamela L. Strissel, Reiner Strick, Matthias Rübner, Peter A. Fasching, Raymund E. Horch, Andreas E. Kremer, Anja M. Boos and Annika Weigand

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1273

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Few epidemiologic findings are as well established as the association between smoking and lung cancer. It is therefore somewhat surprising that there is not yet a clear consensus about the exposure-response re...

    Authors: T. Remen, J. Pintos, M. Abrahamowicz and J. Siemiatycki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1275

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  7. Content type: Research article

    We previously demonstrated that knockdown of delta-5-desaturase via siRNA transfection together with dihomo-γ-linolenic acid supplementation inhibited colon cancer cell growth and migration, by promoting the p...

    Authors: Yi Xu, Xiaoyu Yang, Di Gao, Liu Yang, Keith Miskimins and Steven Y. Qian

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1268

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Definite prognostic clinical factors of benefit for decitabine-based induction chemotherapy in elderly patients newly diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) are not identified. This study was designed to...

    Authors: Jiayu Huang, Huihui Zhao, Ming Hong, Han Zhu, Yu Zhu, Yun Lian, Shan Li, Jianyong Li and Sixuan Qian

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1269

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Gastric cancer (GC) ranks the second in mortality rate among all cancers. Metastases account for most of the deaths in GC patients. Yet our understanding of GC and its metastasis mechanism is still very limited.

    Authors: Jie Zhang, Weiqing Qiu, Hua Liu, Changlin Qian, Dujuan Liu, Hailong Wang, Ni Hu, Y. Tom Tang, Jianhua Sun and Zhiyong Shen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1270

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The role of pretreatment Epstein-Barr virus DNA (pre-DNA) for individualized induction chemotherapy (IC) in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC) still remains unknown. We aimed to address ...

    Authors: Jian Zhang, Hao Peng, Wen-Fei Li, Yuan Zhang, Li-Zhi Liu, Li Tian, Ai-Hua Lin, Ying Sun and Jun Ma

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1276

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-fluorouracil (FOLFOX-4) chemotherapy in terms of the response rate, progression-free/overall survival (PFS/OS) an...

    Authors: Vincenza Conteduca, Giorgia Gurioli, Lorena Rossi, Emanuela Scarpi, Cristian Lolli, Giuseppe Schepisi, Alberto Farolfi, Delia De Lisi, Valentina Gallà, Salvatore Luca Burgio, Cecilia Menna, Andrea Amadori, Lorena Losi, Dino Amadori, Maria Paola Costi and Ugo De Giorgi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1267

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  12. Content type: Research article

    HDIL-2 is approved for advanced melanoma based on its durable antitumor activity. MAGE-A3 cancer immunotherapeutic (MAGE-A3 CI) is a recombinant MAGE-A3 protein combined with an immunostimulant adjuvant system...

    Authors: Jennifer L. McQuade, Jade Homsi, Carlos A. Torres-Cabala, Roland Bassett, Rashmi Murthy Popuri, Marihella L. James, Luis M. Vence and Wen-Jen Hwu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1274

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Glucose regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is a resident chaperone of the endoplasmic reticulum and a master regulator of the unfolded protein response under physiological and pathological cell stress conditions. GR...

    Authors: Christopher N. Cultrara, Stephen D. Kozuch, Poornema Ramasundaram, Claudia J. Heller, Sunil Shah, Adah E. Beck, David Sabatino and Jenny Zilberberg

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1263

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is associated with oxidative stress, a major factor in carcinogenesis, and with high leptin concentration. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of leptin on the antioxidant response in th...

    Authors: Sinda Mahbouli, Jérémie Talvas, Audrey der Vartanian, Sophie Ortega, Stéphanie Rougé, Marie-Paule Vasson and Adrien Rossary

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1264

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  15. Content type: Technical advance

    Clinical assays for the assessment of the human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) status in breast cancer include immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization (ISH), both of which have limitati...

    Authors: David G. Hicks, Brandon Buscaglia, Hideki Goda, Loralee McMahon, Takako Natori, Bradley Turner, Armen Soukiazian, Hisatake Okada and Yasushi Nakano

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1266

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Broad copy number aberrations (BCNAs) represent a common form of genome instability in colorectal cancer (CRC). CRCs show large variations in their level of aneuploidy: microsatellite-instable (MSI) tumors are...

    Authors: Vincenza Barresi, Giacomo Cinnirella, Giovanna Valenti, Giorgia Spampinato, Nicolò Musso, Sergio Castorina and Daniele F. Condorelli

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1265

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Genetic alterations in pediatric primary brain tumors can be used as diagnostic and prognostic markers and are the basis for the development of new target therapies that, ideally, would be associated with lowe...

    Authors: Laura Frazão, Maria do Carmo Martins, Vasco Moura Nunes, José Pimentel, Claudia Faria, José Miguéns, Amets Sagarribay, Mário Matos, Duarte Salgado, Sofia Nunes, Manuela Mafra and Lúcia Roque

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1259

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Salivary gland cancers are not sensitive to conventional radiotherapy or chemotherapy regimens. Therefore, the development of a new treatment strategy is of critical importance for improving the prognosis. We ...

    Authors: Yuji Makita, Naoki Kunii, Daiju Sakurai, Fumie Ihara, Shinichiro Motohashi, Akane Suzuki, Toshinori Nakayama and Yoshitaka Okamoto

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1254

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  19. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated the prognostic effects of venous thromboembolism (VTE)-related factors in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer receiving palliative chemotherapy. Predictive factors for VTE were a...

    Authors: Jung Sun Kim, Eun Joo Kang, Dae Sik Kim, Yoon Ji Choi, Suk Young Lee, Hong Jun Kim, Hee Yeon Seo and Jun Suk Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1260

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  20. Content type: Research article

    FGD4 (Frabin) is an F-actin binding protein with GTP/GDP exchange activity specific for CDC42. It is involved in reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton, which requires both actin binding and CDC42 activating...

    Authors: Alexia Bossan, Richard Ottman, Thomas Andl, Md Faqrul Hasan, Nupam Mahajan, Domenico Coppola and Ratna Chakrabarti

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1257

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The secretion of soluble factors enables communication between tumour cells and the surrounding microenvironment and plays an important role in oncogenesis. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is character...

    Authors: Taoufik Nedjadi, Anthony Evans, Adnan Sheikh, Lawrence Barerra, Suliman Al-Ghamdi, Lucy Oldfield, W. Greenhalf, John P. Neoptolemos and Eithne Costello

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1255

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Ocular melanoma is a rare but often deadly malignancy that arises in the uvea (commonest primary site), conjunctiva or the orbit. Primary orbital melanoma (POM) is exceedingly rare, with approximately 60 cases...

    Authors: Anna M. Rose, Rong Luo, Utsav K. Radia, Helen Kalirai, Sophie Thornton, Philip J. Luthert, Channa N. Jayasena, David H. Verity, Sarah E. Coupland and Geoffrey E. Rose

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1262

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) is a multifocal angioproliferative tumor involving blood and lymphatic vessels, caused by Human Herpes Virus-8 (HHV-8). KS is an important AIDS-defining tumor with high prevalence in Sub-...

    Authors: George P. Semango, Renard M. Charles, Consolata I. Swai, Alex Mremi, Patrick Amsi, Tolbert Sonda, Elichilia R. Shao, Daudi R. Mavura, Leo A. B. Joosten, Elingarami Sauli and Mramba Nyindo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1258

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are associated with poor prognoses in patients with gastric cancer; however, few studies have focused on the dynamic changes ...

    Authors: Mikito Mori, Kiyohiko Shuto, Chihiro Kosugi, Kazuo Narushima, Hideki Hayashi, Hisahiro Matsubara and Keiji Koda

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1261

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) achieving a pathological complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant treatment usually have a good prognosis, but only accounted for less than 20%.

    Authors: Zhenyu Lin, Junli Liu, Li Peng, Dejun Zhang, Ming Jin, Jing Wang, Jun Xue, Hongli Liu and Tao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1253

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Cancer patients’ survival time has obviously improved, with the development of systemic treatment techniques. However, the probability of metastases to the vertebrae has also been increased which makes some ad...

    Authors: Xiong-gang Yang, Deng-xing Lun, Yong-cheng Hu, Yong-heng Liu, Feng Wang, Jiang-tao Feng, Kun-chi Hua, Li Yang, Hao Zhang, Ming-you Xu and Hao-ran Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1248

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Before the targeted therapies era, cytotoxic chemotherapy (CCT) was an option for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), even with the lack of supporting evidence. Since the last decade, sorafenib has been e...

    Authors: Leonardo Gomes da Fonseca, Guilherme Nader Marta, Maria Ignez Freitas Melro Braghiroli, Aline Lopes Chagas, Flair Jose Carrilho, Paulo Marcelo Hoff and Jorge Sabbaga

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1250

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Uterine sarcomas consist a heterogeneous group of mesenchymal gynecological malignancies with unclear therapeutic recommendations and unspecific but poor prognosis, since they usually metastasize and tend to r...

    Authors: Anastasios Kyriazoglou, Michael Liontos, Dimitrios C Ziogas, Flora Zagouri, Kostantinos Koutsoukos, Giorgos Tsironis, Anna Tsiara, Maria Kaparelou, Roubini Zakopoulou, Nikolaos Thomakos, Dimitrios Haidopoulos, Irene Papaspyrou, Alexandros Rodolakis, Aristotelis Bamias and Meletios Athanasios Dimopoulos

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1247

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Thymomas are typically slow-growing tumors and AB type thymomas are considered no/low risk tumors with a better prognosis. Extra-thoracic metastases are extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, no patient...

    Authors: Yuichi Aoki, Atsushi Miki, Tomoyuki Nakano, Hideki Sasanuma, Yasunaru Sakuma, Hisanaga Horie, Yoshinori Hosoya, Noriyoshi Fukushima, Alan Kawarai Lefor and Naohiro Sata

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1249

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Most patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) will relapse if treatment is withdrawn, but various trials have recently demonstrated that a significant proport...

    Authors: Nuno Cerveira, Bruno Loureiro, Susana Bizarro, Cecília Correia, Lurdes Torres, Susana Lisboa, Joana Vieira, Rui Santos, Dulcineia Pereira, Cláudia Moreira, Sérgio Chacim, Nélson Domingues, Ana Espírito-Santo, Isabel Oliveira, Ilídia Moreira, Luísa Viterbo…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1245

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Collision tumors are rare cases with two different tumor entities growing synchronously. While adenocarcinoma of the pancreas is the most common pancreatic tumor with an incidence of 10 per 100.000, retroperit...

    Authors: Denise Buchner, Lena Hieggelke, Heike Löser, Christiane Josephine Bruns, Alexander Quaas and Markus Philipp Hussein Ghadimi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1243

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  32. Content type: Research article

    SSBP2, single-stranded DNA binding protein 2, is a subunit of the ssDNA-binding complex that is involved in the maintenance of genome stability. The majority of previous studies have suggested a tumor-suppress...

    Authors: Hyunsung Kim, Yeseul Kim, Yumin Chung, Rehman Abdul, Jongmin Sim, Hyein Ahn, Su-Jin Shin, Seung Sam Paik, Han Joon Kim, Kiseok Jang and Dongho Choi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1244

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with poorer outcomes in some cancers. Its effect on ovarian cancer is less clear. We consider the effect of DM on overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) ...

    Authors: Setareh Akhavan, Akram Ghahghaei-Nezamabadi, Mitra Modaresgilani, Azam Sadat Mousavi, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Afsaneh Tehranian and Elahe Rezayof

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1246

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  34. Content type: Research article

    SKA1, an important mitosis protein, has been indicated in the initiation and progression of several malignancies. However, its clinical significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain to be elucidated.

    Authors: Yibing Chen, Jingjing Zhao, Zhihui Jiao, Weiwei Wang, Dandan Wang, Xiaohe Yu, Zhiyong Shi, Naijian Ge, Qiuzhong Pan, Jianchuan Xia, Wancheng Niu, Ruihua Zhao, Xiaofei Zhang and Wei Du

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1240

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The EGFR-T790M mutation is clinically detected using re-biopsy in approximately 50% of patients with acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in advanced non-...

    Authors: Akihiro Yoshimura, Tadaaki Yamada, Naoko Okura, Takayuki Takeda, Wataru Furutani, Yutaka Kubota, Shinsuke Shiotsu, Osamu Hiranuma, Naoya Nishioka, Yusuke Chihara, Nobuyo Tamiya, Yoshiko Kaneko, Junji Uchino and Koichi Takayama

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1241

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The current treatment of malignant melanoma is limited by the lack of effective therapeutic approaches, and alternative treatments are needed. Proliferative diseases such as melanoma and other cancers may be t...

    Authors: Marina Teras, Edda Viisileht, Merlis Pahtma-Hall, Airi Rump, Viiu Paalme, Pille Pata, Illar Pata, Christelle Langevin and Sirje Rüütel Boudinot

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1237

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The gene desert on human chromosomal band 8q24 harbors multiple genetic variants associated with common cancers, including breast cancer. The locus, including the gene desert and its flanking genes, MYC, PVT1 and...

    Authors: Collin Homer-Bouthiette, Yang Zhao, Lauren B. Shunkwiler, Benjamine Van Peel, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Rachael C. Baird, Anna I. Rissman, Stephen T. Guest, Stephen P. Ethier, Manorama C. John, Patricia A. Powers, Jill D. Haag, Michael N. Gould and Bart M. G. Smits

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1233

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Non-muscle invasive bladder cancers (NMIBC: pTa, pT1) are characterised by a high risk of recurrence and/or progression. Identification of prognostic markers is needed to improve both diagnosis and management ...

    Authors: Christel Mathis, Isabelle Lascombe, Franck Monnien, Hugues Bittard, François Kleinclauss, Isabelle Bedgedjian, Sylvie Fauconnet and Séverine Valmary-Degano

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1239

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have reported the prognostic value of haemoglobin level for cancers. Whereas the prognostic impact of decreased pretreatment haemoglobin level on the survival of patients with lung cancer remains ...

    Authors: Yaqi Huang, Siqi Wei, Nan Jiang, Lijuan Zhang, Siyuan Wang, Xiaona Cao, Yue Zhao and Peiguo Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1235

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  40. Content type: Research article

    COPD patients are at increased risk of developing non-small cell lung carcinoma that has a worse prognosis. Oxidative stress contributes to carcinogenesis and is increased in COPD patients due to mitochondrial...

    Authors: F. Ng Kee Kwong, A. G. Nicholson, S. Pavlidis, I. M. Adcock and K. F. Chung

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1238

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  41. Content type: Research article

    EGFR genotyping in pulmonary adenocarcinoma patients who develop pleural effusions is mostly performed using cytology or cell block slides with low sensitivity. Liquid biopsy using the supernatant of pleural e...

    Authors: Jong Sik Lee, Jae Young Hur, In Ae Kim, Hee Joung Kim, Chang Min Choi, Jae Chol Lee, Wan Seop Kim and Kye Young Lee

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1236

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Adaptive radiotherapy (ART) has potential benefits in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC). This retrospective study aimed to identify the factors favoring ART.

    Authors: Yu-Chang Hu, Kuo-Wang Tsai, Ching-Chih Lee, Nan-Jing Peng, Ju-Chun Chien, Hsin-Hui Tseng, Po-Chun Chen, Jin-Ching Lin and Wen-Shan Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1234

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  43. Content type: Research article

    We evaluated the safety and efficacy of induction chemotherapy with bevacizumab followed by maintenance chemotherapy with bevacizumab for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in this multicenter phase I...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Tsutani, Yoshihiro Miyata, Takeshi Masuda, Kazunori Fujitaka, Mihoko Doi, Yoshikazu Awaya, Shoichi Kuyama, Soichi Kitaguchi, Kazuhiro Ueda, Noboru Hattori and Morihito Okada

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1231

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Curcumin, a primary active ingredient extracted from the Curcuma longa, has been recently identified as a potential anti-tumor agent in multiple kinds of cancers. However, the effect of curcumin on retinoblastoma...

    Authors: Yaping Li, Weixuan Sun, Ning Han, Ying Zou and Dexin Yin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:1230

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