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  1. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer with pathological non-complete response (non-pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has a worse prognosis. Despite Neo-Bioscore has been validated as an independent prognostic model for breast...

    Authors: Uanderson Resende, César Cabello, Susana Oliveira Botelho Ramalho and Luiz Carlos Zeferino

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:601

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitors are frequently used to treat cancers and the results have been mixed, some of these small molecule drugs are highly successful while others show a more modest response...

    Authors: Jian Li, Kathrin Halfter, Mengying Zhang, Christian Saad, Kai Xu, Bernhard Bauer, Yijiang Huang, Lei Shi and Ulrich R. Mansmann

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:600

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Podoplanin (PDPN), a transmembrane O-glycoprotein, is up-regulated in many tumors and is involved in tumor metastasis and malignant progression. In previous studies, we generated a functional blocking monoclonal ...

    Authors: Mengqiao Xu, Xia Wang, Yanfang Pan, Xingpeng Zhao, Bin Yan, Changgeng Ruan, Lijun Xia and Yiming Zhao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:599

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  4. Content type: Research article

    NANOS3 is a gene conserved throughout evolution. Despite the quite low conservation of Nanos sequences between different organisms and even between Nanos paralogs, their role in germ cell development is remarkabl...

    Authors: Vanessa Andries, Evi De Keuckelaere, Katrien Staes, Tino Hochepied, Joachim Taminau, Kelly Lemeire, Philippe Birembaut, Geert Berx and Frans van Roy

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:598

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  5. Content type: Research article

    S100A8 and S100A9, two heterodimer-forming members of the S100 family, aberrantly express in a variety of cancer types. However, little is known about the mechanism that regulates S100A8/S100A9 co-expression i...

    Authors: Yunguang Li, Fei Kong, Chang Jin, Enze Hu, Qirui Shao, Jin Liu, Dacheng He and Xueyuan Xiao

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:597

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Gemcitabine remains a cornerstone in chemotherapy of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) despite suboptimal clinical effects that are partly due to the development of chemoresistance. Pancreatic stellate c...

    Authors: Manoj Amrutkar, Monica Aasrum, Caroline S. Verbeke and Ivar P. Gladhaug

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:596

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Epidermal growth factor receptor exon 20 insertion (EGFRex20ins) mutations represent approximately 4–12% of EGFR mutations and are generally refractory to the 1st and 2nd generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibi...

    Authors: Wenfeng Fang, Yihua Huang, Shaodong Hong, Zhonghan Zhang, Minghui Wang, Jiadi Gan, Wenjing Wang, Honglin Guo, Kai Wang and Li Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:595

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Cancer patients with advanced disease routinely exhaust available clinical regimens and lack actionable genomic medicine results, leaving a large patient population without effective treatments options when th...

    Authors: Noah E. Berlow, Rishi Rikhi, Mathew Geltzeiler, Jinu Abraham, Matthew N. Svalina, Lara E. Davis, Erin Wise, Maria Mancini, Jonathan Noujaim, Atiya Mansoor, Michael J. Quist, Kevin L. Matlock, Martin W. Goros, Brian S. Hernandez, Yee C. Doung, Khin Thway…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:593

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (SC) consists of both carcinomatous and sarcomatous tumors with high degree of malignancy, rapid progression, and poor prognosis. However, little is known regarding how pulmonar...

    Authors: Jianjun Ge, Bin Yao, Jia Huang, Xue Wu, Hua Bao, Qiuxiang Ou, Yang W. Shao and Jun Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:592

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  10. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and prognostic accuracy of incorporating the number of positive lymph nodes (PLN) into the TNM staging system for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.

    Authors: Xiaoling Shang, Jia Liu, Zhenxiang Li, Jiamao Lin and Haiyong Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:591

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Research into Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms is heterogeneous. In addition, no systematization of studies of polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET) or primary myelof...

    Authors: Mónica Mejía-Ochoa, Paola Andrea Acevedo Toro and Jaiberth Antonio Cardona-Arias

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:590

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Alterations in protein glycosylation patterns have potentially been targeted for biomarker discovery in a wide range of diseases including cancer. Although there have been improvements in patient diagnosis and...

    Authors: Abrha G. Gebrehiwot, Daniel Seifu Melka, Yimenashu Mamo Kassaye, Tufa Gemechu, Wajana Lako, Hiroshi Hinou and Shin-Ichiro Nishimura

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:588

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Novel diagnostic triage and testing strategies to support early detection of cancer could improve clinical outcomes. Most apparently promising diagnostic tests ultimately fail because of inadequate performance...

    Authors: Fiona M. Walter, Matthew J. Thompson, Ian Wellwood, Gary A. Abel, William Hamilton, Margaret Johnson, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Michael P. Messenger, Richard D. Neal, Greg Rubin, Hardeep Singh, Anne Spencer, Stephen Sutton, Peter Vedsted and Jon D. Emery

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:586

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Prenylated Rab acceptor 1 domain family, member 2 (PRAF2) is involved in the occurrence and progression of several malignant tumors. However, its potential role in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is ...

    Authors: Zhaoye Qian, Bin Wei, Yu Zhou, Qiuzi Wang, Jiru Wang, Yuan Sun, Yong Gao and Xiaofei Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:585

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In many malignancies including ovarian cancer, different angiogenic factors have been related to poor prognosis. However, data on their relations to each other or importance as a prognostic factor in ovarian c...

    Authors: Minna Sopo, Maarit Anttila, Kirsi Hämäläinen, Annukka Kivelä, Seppo Ylä-Herttuala, Veli-Matti Kosma, Leea Keski-Nisula and Hanna Sallinen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:584

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  16. Content type: Research article

    An accurate, reproducible, and comfortable immobilization device is essential for stereotactic radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with lung cancer. This study compared thermoplastic masks (TMP) and vacuum cushion...

    Authors: Guofu Chen, Baiqiang Dong, Guoping Shan, Xiuqin Zhang, Huarong Tang, Yuchen Li, Zhenhua Wang, Wei Xu, Gang Xu, Guiming Yan, Feiyan Zhang, Xiao Hu, Jun Yang, Yujin Xu, Ming Chen and Jin Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:583

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy. Some advanced disease is, or becomes, resistant to radioactive iodine therapy (refractory disease); this holds poor prognosis of 10% 10-year overall surv...

    Authors: Sarah R. Brown, Andrew Hall, Hannah L. Buckley, Louise Flanagan, David Gonzalez de Castro, Kate Farnell, Laura Moss, Rebecca Gregory, Kate Newbold, Yong Du, Glenn Flux and Jonathan Wadsley

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:582

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  18. Content type: Research article

    By understanding Matrix Metalloprotease (MMP) dysregulation from a pan-cancer perspective, this study sheds light on the diagnostic potentials of MMPs across multiple neoplasms.

    Authors: Emily Gobin, Kayla Bagwell, John Wagner, David Mysona, Sharmila Sandirasegarane, Nathan Smith, Shan Bai, Ashok Sharma, Robert Schleifer and Jin-Xiong She

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:581

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Detection of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a promising method for postoperative surveillance of lung cancer. However, relatively low positive rate in early stage patients restricts its application. Aberrant...

    Authors: Guannan Kang, Kezhong Chen, Fan Yang, Shannon Chuai, Heng Zhao, Kai Zhang, Bingsi Li, Zhihong Zhang and Jun Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:579

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Eribulin mesylate is a nontaxane microtubule dynamics inhibitor approved for second-line (European Union) or third-line (United States) treatment of metastatic breast cancer. Two phase 2 single trials, evaluat...

    Authors: Lee Schwartzberg, Kristi McIntyre, Sharon Wilks, Shannon Puhalla, Joyce O’Shaughnessy, Erhan Berrak, Yaohua He and Linda Vahdat

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:578

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a type of breast cancer with a high degree of malignancy. Because of the remarkable biological characteristics of high invasion, metastasis and recurrence, TNBC is often...

    Authors: Cheng Wang, Cheng Xu, Ruijie Niu, Guangfu Hu, Zhangyuan Gu and Zhigang Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:577

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Cell division cycle associated 2 (CDCA2), upregulated in lung adenocarcinoma and oral squamous cell carcinoma, may be related to some malignant diseases. Nevertheless, its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) remai...

    Authors: Yifei Feng, Wenwei Qian, Yue Zhang, Wen Peng, Jie Li, Qiou Gu, Dongjian Ji, Zhiyuan Zhang, Qingyuan Wang, Dongsheng Zhang and Yueming Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:576

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Distant metastases frequently occur in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. If hepatic surgery is not feasible, patients are treated with somatostatin analogs. However, the underlying mechanisms of ac...

    Authors: Florian Bösch, Alexandr V. Bazhin, Sabine Heublein, Katharina Brüwer, Thomas Knösel, Florian P. Reiter, Christoph J. Auernhammer, Markus O. Guba, Christine Spitzweg, Jens Werner and Martin K. Angele

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:575

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Thyroid transcription factor (TTF)-1 expression is a diagnostic marker and a good prognostic indicator for lung adenocarcinoma. However, its good prognostic ability might be due to epidermal growth factor rece...

    Authors: Ji Young Park, Seung Hun Jang, Hwan Il Kim, Joo-Hee Kim, Sunghoon Park, Yong Il Hwang, Ki-Suck Jung, Jinwon Seo, Chang Youl Lee, Yousang Ko and Yong-Bum Park

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:574

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Treatment options in metastatic breast cancer are limited. New therapies preferable with predictive biomarkers are needed. The aim of these trials was to investigate if gene copy number of the topoisomerase 1 ...

    Authors: Iben Kümler, Eva Balslev, Jan Stenvang, Nils Brünner, Bent Ejlertsen, Erik Hugger Jakobsen and Dorte Lisbet Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:573

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    In men with a rising PSA following radical prostatectomy, salvage radiation therapy (SRT) offers a second chance for cure. Hormonal therapy can be combined with SRT in order to increase prostate tumor control,...

    Authors: Roche Kapoor, Matthew P. Deek, Riley McIntyre, Natasha Raman, Megan Kummerlowe, Iyah Chen, Matt Gaver, Hao Wang, Sam Denmeade, Tamara Lotan, Channing Paller, Mark Markowski, Michael Carducci, Mario Eisenberger, Tomasz M. Beer, Daniel Y. Song…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:572

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Using a pathway-focused approach, we aimed to provide a subgroup-specific basis for finding novel therapeutic strategies and further refinement of the risk stratification in pediatric medulloblastoma.

    Authors: Ae Kyung Park, Ji Yeoun Lee, Heesun Cheong, Vijay Ramaswamy, Sung-Hye Park, Marcel Kool, Ji Hoon Phi, Seung Ah Choi, Florence Cavalli, Michael D. Taylor and Seung-Ki Kim

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:571

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In response to the increasing cancer prevalence and the evolving health service landscape across the public and private health sectors in Australia, this study aimed to map cancer services and identify factors...

    Authors: Jennifer Hunter, Caroline Smith, Geoff P. Delaney, Kate Templeman, Suzanne Grant and Jane M. Ussher

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:570

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the impact of radiation dose on overall survival (OS) in patients treated with adjuvant chemoradiation (CRT) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

    Authors: Alessio G. Morganti, Francesco Cellini, Milly Buwenge, Alessandra Arcelli, Sergio Alfieri, Felipe A. Calvo, Riccardo Casadei, Savino Cilla, Francesco Deodato, Giancarmine Di Gioia, Mariacristina Di Marco, Lorenzo Fuccio, Federica Bertini, Alessandra Guido, Joseph M. Herman, Gabriella Macchia…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:569

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma waiting for liver transplantation are commonly treated with locoregional treatments, such as TACE and ablation, to prevent tumor progression and dropout and to improve lo...

    Authors: Malin Sternby Eilard, Mats Andersson, Peter Naredi, Charalampos Geronymakis, Per Lindnér, Christian Cahlin, William Bennet and Magnus Rizell

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:568

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Non-V600E BRAF mutated colorectal cancer (CRC) is a rare disease entity with specific clinical features. These tumors are less likely to have microsatellite instability than CRC with a V600E BRAF mutation and oft...

    Authors: Eduard Callebout, Suzane Moura Ribeiro, Stephanie Laurent, Marc De Man, Liesbeth Ferdinande, Kathleen B. M. Claes, Joni Van der Meulen and Karen P. Geboes

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:567

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Circular RNAs (circRNAs) that form through non-canonical backsplicing events of pre-mRNA transcripts are evolutionarily conserved and abundantly expressed across species. However, the functional relevance of c...

    Authors: Thasni Karedath, Ikhlak Ahmed, Wafa Al Ameri, Fatima M. Al-Dasim, Simeon S. Andrews, Samson Samuel, Iman K. Al-Azwani, Yasmin Ali Mohamoud, Arash Rafii and Joel A. Malek

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:565

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Pre-operative discrimination of malignant from benign adnexal masses is crucial for planning additional imaging, preparation, surgery and postoperative care. This study aimed to define key ultrasound and clini...

    Authors: Maciej Stukan, Michał Badocha and Karol Ratajczak

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:564

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Human papilloma virus (HPV) associated cervical cancer remains a global concern particular, in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where the impact is felt most. Evidence show that many other cancers such as vaginal, ana...

    Authors: Kabelo M. B. Lekoane, Desmond Kuupiel, Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson and Themba G. Ginindza

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:563

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Cabazitaxel (CBZ) chemotherapy for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) is believed to be palliative because the radiological response rate is low and a durable response is rare. Here, we de...

    Authors: Takeo Kosaka, Hiroshi Hongo and Mototsugu Oya

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:562

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Over-expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 promotes breast cancer progression by multiple mechanisms, including induction of stem-like cells (SLC). Combined gene expression and microRNA microarray analyses of e...

    Authors: Joshua Tordjman, Mousumi Majumder, Mehdi Amiri, Asma Hasan, David Hess and Peeyush K. Lala

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:561

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with inferior vena cava (IVC) involvement is a rare disease with poor prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of HCC patients receiving radiotherapy (RT) to IVC tumor...

    Authors: Tzu-Hui Pao, Wei-Ting Hsueh, Wei-Lun Chang, Nai-Jung Chiang, Yih-Jyh Lin, Yi-Sheng Liu and Forn-Chia Lin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:560

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The future of combined immunotherapy (a PD-1/PD-L1 plus a CTLA-4 antagonist) is very bright. However, besides improving efficacy, combined therapy increases treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs). Also, the ...

    Authors: Lihu Gu, Parikshit Asutosh Khadaroo, Hui Su, Liya Kong, Liangliang Chen, Xianfa Wang, Xinlong Li, Hepan Zhu, Xin Zhong, Junhai Pan and Manman Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:559

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors have remarkable clinical efficacy in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, the breakdown of ...

    Authors: Xiaoying Sun, Raheleh Roudi, Ting Dai, Shangya Chen, Bin Fan, Hongjin Li, Yaqiong Zhou, Min Zhou, Bo Zhu, Chengqian Yin, Bin Li and Xin Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:558

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Published genetic risk scores for breast cancer (BC) so far have been based on a relatively small number of markers and are not necessarily using the full potential of large-scale Genome-Wide Association Studi...

    Authors: Kristi Läll, Maarja Lepamets, Marili Palover, Tõnu Esko, Andres Metspalu, Neeme Tõnisson, Peeter Padrik, Reedik Mägi and Krista Fischer

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:557

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The aberrant expression of N-glycolyl GM3 ganglioside (NeuGcGM3) in patients with sarcomas was reevaluated by assessing the relation of this molecule with some clinicopathological features and overall survival...

    Authors: Daniel Pilco-Janeta, Myriam De la Cruz Puebla, Jorge Soriano, Marta Osorio, Iraida Caballero, Adanays Calvo Pérez, Laynes Savon, Natalia Cremades, Rancés Blanco and Adriana Carr

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:556

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Sorting Nexin 27 (SNX27) belongs to a family of sortin nexins and possesses a unique binding domain at the C-terminus which mediates protein-protein interaction in intracellular trafficking, membrane remodelin...

    Authors: Jilei Zhang, Kendy Li, Yongguo Zhang, Rong Lu, Shaoping Wu, Jingrong Tang, Yinglin Xia and Jun Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:555

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The definition of clinical target volume (CTV) in intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has not been addressed. We performed this study to assess the feasibility and e...

    Authors: Fang Liu, Ting Luo, Tao Jin, Jiahui Zhang, Zhongzheng Xiang, Ruonan Yan, Li Xie, Xin Wu, Hong Zhang, Feng Wang, Ping Li and Lei Liu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:554

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Liver function is routinely assessed in clinical practice as liver function tests provide sensitive indicators of hepatocellular injury. However, the prognostic value of enzymes that indicate hepatic injury ha...

    Authors: Ting-Xun Lu, Shuang Wu, Dong-Yan Cai, Ting-Ting Hong, Ying Zhang, Hua-Qiang Gao, Hai-Ying Hua and Xiao-Hong Wu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:553

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Mutated BRCA1/2 genes are associated with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC). So far most of the identified BRCA1/2 pathogenic variants are single nucleotide variants (SNVs) or insertions/deletions (Inde...

    Authors: Wen-Ming Cao, Ya-Bing Zheng, Yun Gao, Xiao-Wen Ding, Yan Sun, Yuan Huang, Cai-Jin Lou, Zhi-Wen Pan, Guang Peng and Xiao-Jia Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:551

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint inhibitor antibody has proven to be effective in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients positive for programmed cell death-1 ligand-1 (PD-L1). How...

    Authors: Akihito Tsunoda, Kei Morikawa, Takeo Inoue, Teruomi Miyazawa, Masahiro Hoshikawa, Masayuki Takagi and Masamichi Mineshita

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2019 19:546

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