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  1. The risk of sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) is mainly associated with lifestyle factors, particularly dietary factors. Diets high in red meat and fat and low in fruit and vegetables are associated with an inc...

    Authors: Camilla F Skjelbred, Mona Sæbø, Anette Hjartåker, Tom Grotmol, Inger-Lise Hansteen, Kjell M Tveit, Geir Hoff and Elin H Kure
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:228
  2. Carcinomas of unknown primary site (CUP) are epithelial malignancies revealed by metastatic lesions in the absence of any detectable primary tumor. Although they often adopt an aggressive clinical pattern, the...

    Authors: Delphine Lequin, Karim Fizazi, Saloua Toujani, Sylvie Souquère, Marie-Christine Mathieu, Pierre Hainaut, Alain Bernheim, Françoise Praz and Pierre Busson
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:225
  3. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB and PDGF receptor (PDGFR)-β are mainly expressed in the developing vasculature, where PDGF-BB is produced by endothelial cells and PDGFR-β is expressed by mural cells, ...

    Authors: Shioto Suzuki, Carl-Henrik Heldin and Rainer Lothar Heuchel
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:224
  4. Ovarian cancer (OvCa) most often derives from ovarian surface epithelial (OSE) cells. Several lines of evidence strongly suggest that increased exposure to progesterone (P4) protects women against developing O...

    Authors: Cathy B Wilcox, Grace O Feddes, Joan E Willett-Brozick, Lih-Ching Hsu, Julie A DeLoia and Bora E Baysal
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:223
  5. Breast cancer in young Saudi women is a crucial problem. According to the 2002 annual report of Saudi National Cancer Registry, breast cancers that developed before the age of 40 comprise 26.4% of all female b...

    Authors: Naser Elkum, Said Dermime, Dahish Ajarim, Ali Al-Zahrani, Adher Alsayed, Asma Tulbah, Osama Al Malik, Mohamed Alshabanah, Adnan Ezzat and Taher Al-Tweigeri
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:222
  6. COX-2 inhibitors, such as celecoxib, and ubiquitin-proteasome pathway inhibitors, such as bortezomib, can down-regulate NF-κB, a transcription factor implicated in tumor growth. The objective of this study was...

    Authors: John Hayslip, Uzair Chaudhary, Mark Green, Mario Meyer, Steven Dunder, Carol Sherman, Shanta Salzer, Andrew Kraft and Alberto J Montero
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:221
  7. RhoB is down-regulated in most lung cancer cell lines and tumor tissues when compared with their normal counterparts. The mechanism of this loss of expression is not yet deciphered.

    Authors: Julien Mazières, Daniel Tovar, Biao He, Jacobo Nieto-Acosta, Claire Marty-Detraves, Carine Clanet, Anne Pradines, David Jablons and Gilles Favre
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:220
  8. The lymphatics form a second circulatory system that drains the extracellular fluid and proteins from the tumor microenvironment, and provides an exclusive environment in which immune cells interact and respon...

    Authors: Marcia R Saban, Rheal Towner, Nataliya Smith, Andrew Abbott, Michal Neeman, Carole A Davis, Cindy Simpson, Julie Maier, Sylvie Mémet, Xue-Ru Wu and Ricardo Saban
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:219
  9. In comparative pathology, canine mammary tumours have special interest because of their similarities with human breast cancer. Mixed tumours are uncommon lesions in the human breast, but they are found most fr...

    Authors: Marisa CLS Genelhu, Sérgio V Cardoso, Helenice Gobbi and Geovanni D Cassali
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:218
  10. TGFβ is critical to control hepatocyte proliferation by inducing G1-growth arrest through multiple pathways leading to inhibition of E2F transcription activity. The retinoblastoma protein pRb is a key controll...

    Authors: Sharon Sheahan, Christopher O Bellamy, Donald R Dunbar, David J Harrison and Sandrine Prost
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:215
  11. We conducted a case-control study to evaluate the role of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A7 (UGT1A7) polymorphisms in the onset of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

    Authors: I Stücker, MA Loriot, G N'Koutchou, S Cénée, L Bodin, C Mulot, M Gelu-Simeon, L Pelletier, JP Bronowicki, F Degos, P Beaune, P Laurent-Puig, D Hémon, JC Trinchet and G Pelletier
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:214
  12. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) overexpression has been linked to tumor progression and poor prognosis. We investigated whether targeting of HIF-1 using chetomin, a disrupter of the interaction of HIF-1 wit...

    Authors: Adrian Staab, Jürgen Loeffler, Harun M Said, Désirée Diehlmann, Astrid Katzer, Melanie Beyer, Markus Fleischer, Franz Schwab, Kurt Baier, Hermann Einsele, Michael Flentje and Dirk Vordermark
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:213
  13. Genetic instability is a hallmark of tumours and preneoplastic lesions. The predominant form of genome instability in human cancer is chromosome instability (CIN). CIN is characterized by chromosomal aberratio...

    Authors: Laura Lentini, Angela Amato, Tiziana Schillaci and Aldo Di Leonardo
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:212
  14. Bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) is critically involved in many developmental processes. Recent studies indicate that BMP-6 is closely related to tumor differentiation and metastasis.

    Authors: Shuang Yang, Jun Du, Zhaoqi Wang, Wei Yuan, Yuhuan Qiao, Ming Zhang, Jie Zhang, Songyuan Gao, Jian Yin, Baocun Sun and Tianhui Zhu
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:211
  15. Hodgkin's lymphoma survivors (HLSs) commonly report chronic fatigue, defined as high levels of fatigue for 6 months or more. Underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Based upon knowledge from other populat...

    Authors: Line M Oldervoll, Jon H Loge, Stein Kaasa, Stian Lydersen, Marianne J Hjermstad, Lene Thorsen, Harald Holte Jr, Anne B Jacobsen and Sophie D Fosså
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:210
  16. Smad4 is a tumour suppressor frequently inactivated in pancreatic and colorectal cancers. We have recently reported loss of Smad4 in every fourth carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Smad4 transmits signals from t...

    Authors: Susanne Klein-Scory, Marc Zapatka, Christina Eilert-Micus, Sabine Hoppe, Elisabeth Schwarz, Wolff Schmiegel, Stephan A Hahn and Irmgard Schwarte-Waldhoff
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:209
  17. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most invasive and frequently diagnosed malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer death in many regions of Asia. The PI3K/Akt/mTOR signal pathway is involved in mul...

    Authors: Xinxin Bu, Fengqi Jia, Weifeng Wang, Xianling Guo, Mengchao Wu and Lixin Wei
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:208
  18. The objective of this study was to gain insight into the molecular mechanism of induced cell death (apoptosis) by PYRROLO [1,2-b][1,2,5]BENZOTHIADIAZEPINES (PBTDs) series compounds, using human (K562) cells as a ...

    Authors: Gabriella Marfe, Carla Di Stefano, Romano Silvestri, Elisabetta Abruzzese, Gianfranco Catalano, Livia Di Renzo, Giuseppe Filomeni, Ezio Giorda, Giuseppe La Regina, Emanuela Morgante, Maria Rosa Ciriolo, Matteo Antonio Russo, Sergio Amadori and Paola Sinibaldi-Salimei
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:207
  19. The distribution and the potential gene-gene and gene-environment interaction of selected metabolic genetic polymorphisms was investigated in relation to gastric cancer risk in an Italian population.

    Authors: Stefania Boccia, Fakhredin A Sayed-Tabatabaei, Roberto Persiani, Francesco Gianfagna, Stefano Rausei, Dario Arzani, Antonio La Greca, Domenico D'Ugo, Giuseppe La Torre, Cornelia M van Duijn and Gualtiero Ricciardi
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:206
  20. The aim of the present work was to explore signal transduction pathways used in the regulation of S100A7 (psoriasin). Members of the S100 gene family participate in many important cellular functions. Psoriasin...

    Authors: Stina Petersson, Anna Bylander, Maria Yhr and Charlotta Enerbäck
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:205
  21. Despite being a mainstay for treating superficial bladder carcinoma and a promising agent for interstitial cystitis, the precise mechanism of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) remains poorly understood. It is par...

    Authors: Marcia R Saban, Helen L Hellmich, Cindy Simpson, Carole A Davis, Mark L Lang, Michael A Ihnat, Michael A O'Donnell, Xue-Ru Wu and Ricardo Saban
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:204
  22. Prognostic factors in locally advanced breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy differ from those of early breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical significance of poten...

    Authors: Bhumsuk Keam, Seock-Ah Im, Hee-Jun Kim, Do-Youn Oh, Jee Hyun Kim, Se-Hoon Lee, Eui Kyu Chie, Wonshik Han, Dong-Wan Kim, Woo Kyung Moon, Tae-You Kim, In Ae Park, Dong-Young Noh, Dae Seog Heo, Sung Whan Ha and Yung-Jue Bang
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:203
  23. Neurotrophins are growth factors that regulate cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis in the nervous system. Their diverse actions are mediated through two different transmembrane – receptor signaling syst...

    Authors: Martha Assimakopoulou, Maria Kondyli, George Gatzounis, Theodore Maraziotis and John Varakis
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:202
  24. Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among the rapidly growing population of Asian Americans; it is also the most common cause of cancer mortality among Filipinas. Asian women continue to have l...

    Authors: Scarlett Lin Gomez, Susanna Tan, Theresa HM Keegan and Christina A Clarke
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:201
  25. The 5-year survival rate in patients with gastric cancer is still poor, and lymph node metastasis is considered one of the most important prognostic factors. However, there are controversies in the classificat...

    Authors: Caigang Liu, Ping Lu, Yang Lu, Huimian Xu, Shubao Wang and Junqing Chen
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:200
  26. Polymorphisms in Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) gene may influence EGFR production and/or activity, thereby modulating susceptibility to lung cancer. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the associat...

    Authors: Jin Eun Choi, Sun Ha Park, Kyung Mee Kim, Won Kee Lee, Sin Kam, Sung Ick Cha, Chang Ho Kim, Young Mo Kang, Young-Chul Kim, Sung Beom Han, Tae Hoon Jung and Jae Yong Park
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:199
  27. LIM and SH3 protein 1 (LASP-1), initially identified from human breast cancer, is a specific focal adhesion protein involved in cell proliferation and migration, which was reported to be overexpressed in 8–12 ...

    Authors: Thomas GP Grunewald, Ulrike Kammerer, Michaela Kapp, Matthias Eck, Johannes Dietl, Elke Butt and Arnd Honig
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:198
  28. Previous pharmacokinetic studies with docetaxel have mostly used 3-weekly (75 mg/m2 and 100 mg/m2) or weekly regimens (35–40 mg/m2). The pharmacokinetics and radiosensitizing efficacy of weekly 20 mg/m2 docetaxel...

    Authors: Paal Fr Brunsvig, Anders Andersen, Steinar Aamdal, Vessela Kristensen and Harald Olsen
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:197
  29. Despite the fact that morphological and physiological observations suggest that the tight junction (TJ)-based permeability barrier is modified/disrupted in tumorigenesis, the role of members of the Claudin (Cl...

    Authors: Azadeh Arabzadeh, Tammy-Claire Troy and Kursad Turksen
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:196
  30. The telomeric region of mouse chromosome 12 has previously shown frequent allelic loss in murine lymphoma. The Bcl11b gene has been identified and suggested as a candidate tumor suppressor gene within this region...

    Authors: Anneli Karlsson, Amanda Nordigården, Jan-Ingvar Jönsson and Peter Söderkvist
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:195
  31. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is endemic in Southern China, displays a strong relationship with genetic susceptibility and associates with Epstein-Barr virus infection. Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) plays an importan...

    Authors: Jun-Fang He, Wei-Hua Jia, Qin Fan, Xin-Xi Zhou, Hai-De Qin, Yin Yao Shugart and Yi-Xin Zeng
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:194
  32. Colorectal cancer, if detected early, has greater than 90% 5-year survival. However, survival has been shown to vary across racial/ethnic groups in the United States, despite the availability of early detectio...

    Authors: Scarlett Lin Gomez, Cynthia D O'Malley, Antoinette Stroup, Sarah J Shema and William A Satariano
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:193
  33. It has recently been shown that NDRG2 mRNA is down-regulated or undetectable in several human cancers and cancer cell-lines. Although the function of NDRG2 is unknown, high NDRG2 expression correlates with improv...

    Authors: Anders Lorentzen, Lotte K Vogel, Rikke H Lewinsky, Mona Sæbø, Camilla F Skjelbred, Sine Godiksen, Geir Hoff, Kjell M Tveit, Inger Marie Bowitz Lothe, Tone Ikdahl, Elin H Kure and Cathy Mitchelmore
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:192
  34. A verifiable consequence of the mutator hypothesis is that even low grade neoplasms would accumulate a large number of mutations that do not influence the tumor phenotype (clonal mutations). In this study, we ...

    Authors: Anjan Misra, Parthaprasad Chattopadhyay, Kunzang Chosdol, Chitra Sarkar, Ashok K Mahapatra and Subrata Sinha
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:190
  35. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) is known to be involved in the initial and progressive stages of cancer development, and in the aggressive phenotypes of cancer. This study examines the association of single nucleo...

    Authors: Rishiho Nishizawa, Masaki Nagata, Arhab A Noman, Nobutaka Kitamura, Hajime Fujita, Hideyuki Hoshina, Takehiko Kubota, Manami Itagaki, Susumu Shingaki, Makoto Ohnishi, Hiroshi Kurita, Kouji Katsura, Chikara Saito, Hiromasa Yoshie and Ritsuo Takagi
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:187
  36. A set of consistent, standardized definitions of intervals and populations on which to report across provinces is needed to inform the Provincial/Territorial Deputy Ministries of Health on progress of the Ten-...

    Authors: Marcy Winget, Donna Turner, Jon Tonita, Charlotte King, Zoann Nugent, Riaz Alvi and Richard Barss
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:186
  37. Lymphomatous meningitis (LM) represents a severe complication of malignant lymphomas. While clinical suspicion is raised by symptoms ranging from mild disturbances of sensation to severe pain or impaired consc...

    Authors: B Hildebrandt, C Müller, A Pezzutto, PT Daniel, B Dörken and C Scholz
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:185
  38. Despite significant advancement in breast cancer therapy, there is a great need for a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in breast carcinogenesis and progression, as well as of the role of epigene...

    Authors: Esteban N Gurzov, Sanaa M Nabha, Hamilto Yamamoto, Hong Meng, O Graciela Scharovsky and R Daniel Bonfil
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:184
  39. Dietary isothiocyanates (ITCs) are electrophilic compounds that have diverse biological activities including induction of apoptosis and effects on cell cycle. They protect against experimental carcinogenesis i...

    Authors: Janet V Cross, Frank W Foss, Joshua M Rady, Timothy L Macdonald and Dennis J Templeton
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:183
  40. Published prognostic gene signatures in breast cancer have few genes in common. Here we provide a rationale for this observation by studying the prognostic power and the underlying biological pathways of diffe...

    Authors: Jack X Yu, Anieta M Sieuwerts, Yi Zhang, John WM Martens, Marcel Smid, Jan GM Klijn, Yixin Wang and John A Foekens
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:182
  41. The sex hormone estrogen (E2) is pivotal to normal mammary gland growth and differentiation and in breast carcinogenesis. In this in silico study, we examined metabolic differences between ER(+)ve breast cancer c...

    Authors: Soma Mandal and James R Davie
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:181
  42. Feline mammary carcinoma has been proposed as a natural model of highly aggressive, hormone-independent human breast cancer. To further explore the utility of the model by adding new similarities between the t...

    Authors: Javier Ordás, Yolanda Millán, Rafaela Dios, Carlos Reymundo and Juana Martín de las Mulas
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:179
  43. For patients suffering of recurrent breast cancer within the irradiated breast, generally mastectomy is recommended. The normal tissue tolerance does not permit a second full-dose course of radiotherapy to the...

    Authors: Uta Kraus-Tiefenbacher, Lelia Bauer, Antonella Scheda, Carola Schoeber, Joerg Schaefer, Volker Steil and Frederik Wenz
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2007 7:178

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