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  1. Content type: Research article

    Resistance to preoperative radiotherapy is a major clinical problem in the treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer. The role of NDRG1 in resistance to ionizing radiation in rectal cancer has not been fully e...

    Authors: Soon-Chan Kim, Young-Kyoung Shin, Ye-Ah Kim, Sang-Geun Jang and Ja-Lok Ku

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:594

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Metastatic breast cancer carries a poor prognosis despite the success of newly targeted therapies. Treatment options remain especially limited for the subtype of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Several s...

    Authors: Carrie D. House, Valentina Grajales, Michelle Ozaki, Elizabeth Jordan, Helmae Wubneh, Danielle C. Kimble, Jana M. James, Marianne K. Kim and Christina M. Annunziata

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:595

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the major causes of tumor death; thus, the identification of markers related to its diagnosis and prognosis is critical. Previous studies have revealed that epithelial-...

    Authors: Yuki Shimoda, Yasunari Ubukata, Tadashi Handa, Takehiko Yokobori, Takayoshi Watanabe, Dolgormaa Gantumur, Kei Hagiwara, Takahiro Yamanaka, Mariko Tsukagoshi, Takamichi Igarashi, Akira Watanabe, Norio Kubo, Kenichiro Araki, Norifumi Harimoto, Ayaka Katayama, Toshiaki Hikino…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:597

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Prognosis of pancreatic cancer is poor with a 5-year survival rate of only 7%. Although several new chemotherapy treatments have shown promising results, all patients will eventually progress, and we need to d...

    Authors: Yoshiki Hirooka, Hideki Kasuya, Takuya Ishikawa, Hiroki Kawashima, Eizaburo Ohno, Itzel B. Villalobos, Yoshinori Naoe, Toru Ichinose, Nobuto Koyama, Maki Tanaka, Yasuhiro Kodera and Hidemi Goto

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:596

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Erlotinib is approved for the first line treatment of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer. Since the number of prospective studies in Caucasian patients treated...

    Authors: Zsolt Markóczy, Veronika Sárosi, Iveta Kudaba, Gabriella Gálffy, Ülkü Yilmaz Turay, Ahmet Demirkazik, Gunta Purkalne, Attila Somfay, Zsolt Pápai-Székely, Erzsébet Rásó and Gyula Ostoros

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:598

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  6. Content type: Research article

    There is increasing appreciation that non-cancer cells within the tumour microenvironment influence cancer progression and anti-cancer drug efficacy. For metastatic prostate cancer (PCa), the bone marrow micro...

    Authors: Eman Mosaad, Karen Chambers, Kathryn Futrega, Judith Clements and Michael Robert Doran

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:592

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The expression alterations of B4GALT1 have been noted in some types of cancer and they are related to cancer cell proliferation, invasiveness, metastasis, and drug resistance. We aimed to establish the express...

    Authors: Huyang Xie, Yu Zhu, Junyu Zhang, Zheng Liu, Hangcheng Fu, Yifan Cao, Gaoxiang Li, Yijun Shen, Bo Dai, Jiejie Xu and Dingwei Ye

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:590

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Repurposing existing medications for antineoplastic purposes can provide a safe, cost-effective, and efficacious means to further augment available cancer care. Clinical and preclinical studies suggest a role ...

    Authors: Jennifer M. Knight, Stephanie A. Kerswill, Parameswaran Hari, Steve W. Cole, Brent R. Logan, Anita D’Souza, Nirav N. Shah, Mary M. Horowitz, Melinda R. Stolley, Erica K. Sloan, Karen E. Giles, Erin S. Costanzo, Mehdi Hamadani, Saurabh Chhabra, Binod Dhakal and J. Douglas Rizzo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:593

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge about the expression and thus a role of enzymes that produce endogenous H2S - cystathionine-β-synthase, cystathionine γ-lyase and mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase - in renal tumors is still controvers...

    Authors: Jan Breza Jr, Andrea Soltysova, Sona Hudecova, Adela Penesova, Ivan Szadvari, Petr Babula, Barbora Chovancova, Lubomira Lencesova, Ondrej Pos, Jan Breza, Karol Ondrias and Olga Krizanova

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:591

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Cancer antigen (CA) 125 (CA-125) is used in ovarian cancer detection and monitoring, whose serum level has a positive correlation with tumor stage. The aim of this study was to obtain a prediction metastasis e...

    Authors: Juan Fernando Sánchez Vega, Magdali del Rocío Murillo Bacilio, Adrián Santiago Vintimilla Condoy, Araceli Miroslava Palta González, José Alfredo Crespo Astudillo and Franklin Geovany Mora-Bravo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:587

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    High Dose Rate Brachytherapy (HDRB) boost is a well-established treatment for prostate cancer (PC). We describe the PROstate Multicentre External beam radioTHErapy Using Stereotactic boost (PROMETHEUS) study. ...

    Authors: Matthew Richardson, Mark Sidhom, Sarah Gallagher, Mel Grand, David Pryor, Joseph Bucci, Lee Wilton, Sankar Arumugam, Sarah Keats and Jarad M. Martin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:588

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  12. Content type: Research article

    CDCP1, a transmembrane protein with tumor pro-metastatic activity, was recently identified as a prognostic marker in TNBC, the most aggressive breast cancer subtype still lacking an effective molecular targete...

    Authors: Luca Forte, Federica Turdo, Cristina Ghirelli, Piera Aiello, Patrizia Casalini, Marilena Valeria Iorio, Elvira D’Ippolito, Patrizia Gasparini, Roberto Agresti, Beatrice Belmonte, Gabriella Sozzi, Lucia Sfondrini, Elda Tagliabue, Manuela Campiglio and Francesca Bianchi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:586

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The anti-tumor properties of cannabinoids have been investigated in many in vitro and in vivo studies. Many of these anti-tumor effects are mediated via cannabinoid receptor types 1 and 2 (CB1 and CB2), comprisin...

    Authors: Mohammed I. Khan, Anna A. Sobocińska, Klaudia K. Brodaczewska, Katarzyna Zielniok, Malgorzata Gajewska, Claudine Kieda, Anna M. Czarnecka and Cezary Szczylik

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:583

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Carbonic anhydrase related proteins (CARPs) VIII, X and XI functionally differ from the other carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzymes. Structurally, they lack the zinc binding residues, which are important for enzyme ...

    Authors: Sini L. Karjalainen, Hannu K. Haapasalo, Ashok Aspatwar, Harlan Barker, Seppo Parkkila and Joonas A. Haapasalo

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:584

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Little data exists predicting the resistance to actinomycin D (Act-D) single-agent for gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). The objective was to determine the overall success of pulse Act-D and the facto...

    Authors: Lei Li, Xirun Wan, Fengzhi Feng, Tong Ren, Junjun Yang, Jun Zhao, Fang Jiang and Yang Xiang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:585

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play a critical role in modulating the tumor microenvironment and promote tumor metastases. Our studies have demonstrated that ginsenoside Rh2 (G-Rh2), a monomeric compound ...

    Authors: Honglin Li, Nan Huang, Weikang Zhu, Jianchun Wu, Xiaohui Yang, Wenjing Teng, Jianhui Tian, Zhihong Fang, Yingbin Luo, Min Chen and Yan Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:579

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  17. Content type: Research article

    All known mechanisms of apoptosis induced by resveratrol act through cell cycle arrest and changes in mitochondrial membrane potential. It is currently unknown whether resveratrol-induced apoptosis is associat...

    Authors: Yingying Fan, Jen-Fu Chiu, Jing Liu, Yan Deng, Cheng Xu, Jun Zhang and Guanwu Li

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:581

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Patients with cancer develop endothelial dysfunction and subsequently display a higher risk of cardiovascular events. The aim of the present work was to examine changes in nitric oxide (NO)- and prostacyclin (PGI

    Authors: E. Buczek, A. Denslow, L. Mateuszuk, B. Proniewski, T. Wojcik, B. Sitek, A. Fedorowicz, A. Jasztal, E. Kus, A. Chmura- Skirlinska, R. Gurbiel, J. Wietrzyk and S. Chlopicki

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:582

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Lung cancer remains the top contributor to cancer-related mortality worldwide. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to participate in normal development and tumorigenesis. LncRNA nuclear enriched ...

    Authors: Wu Zhou, Xing Chen, Qinghua Hu, Xuliang Chen, Yingji Chen and Lingjin Huang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:580

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies showed sanguinarine induced apoptosis in CRC cells but did not define the underlying mechanisms. The purpose of this work was to determine the in vivo and in vitro effects of sanguinarine on C...

    Authors: Xianling Gong, Zhihong Chen, Qinrui Han, Chunhui Chen, Linlin Jing, Yawei Liu, Liang Zhao, Xueqing Yao and Xuegang Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:578

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The right drug to the right patient at the right time is one of the ideals of Individualized Medicine (IM) and remains one of the most compelling promises of the post-genomic age. The addition of genomic infor...

    Authors: Michael T. Zimmermann, Terry M. Therneau and Jean-Pierre A. Kocher

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:577

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited disease caused by germline mutations in mismatch repair genes. Analysis for microsatellite instability (MSI) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) of protein expressi...

    Authors: Takanori Yokoyama, Kazuhiro Takehara, Nao Sugimoto, Keika Kaneko, Etsuko Fujimoto, Mika Okazawa-Sakai, Shinichi Okame, Yuko Shiroyama, Takashi Yokoyama, Norihiro Teramoto, Shozo Ohsumi, Shinya Saito, Kazuho Imai and Kokichi Sugano

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:576

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Standard treatment for unresectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) without distant metastasis is definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT), in which the incidence of esophageal fistula (EF) is reported to...

    Authors: Takeshi Kawakami, Takahiro Tsushima, Katsuhiro Omae, Hirofumi Ogawa, Hiromichi Shirasu, Yosuke Kito, Yukio Yoshida, Satoshi Hamauchi, Akiko Todaka, Nozomu Machida, Tomoya Yokota, Kentaro Yamazaki, Akira Fukutomi, Yusuke Onozawa and Hirofumi Yasui

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:573

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The objectives of this study were to build a normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) model of radiation-induced hypothyroidism (RHT) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients and to compare it with oth...

    Authors: Ren Luo, Vincent W. C. Wu, Binghui He, Xiaoying Gao, Zhenxi Xu, Dandan Wang, Zhining Yang, Mei Li and Zhixiong Lin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:575

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