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  1. Recent meta-analyses have found a survival advantage with gemcitabine based combinations over single agent gemcitabine in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. There is paucity of evidence in the form of d...

    Authors: Asma Sultana, Paula Ghaneh, David Cunningham, Naureen Starling, John P Neoptolemos and Catrin Tudur Smith
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:192
  2. TGFβ has pleiotropic effects that range from regulation of proliferation and apoptosis to morphological changes and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Some evidence suggests that these effects may be int...

    Authors: Sharon Sheahan, Christopher O Bellamy, Stephen N Hartland, David J Harrison and Sandrine Prost
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:191
  3. Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a multifocal, vascular lesion of low-grade malignant potential that presents most frequently in mucocutaneous sites. KS also commonly involves lymph nodes and visceral organs. This artic...

    Authors: Liron Pantanowitz and Bruce J Dezube
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:190
  4. Signaling downstream of Ras is mediated by three major pathways, Raf/ERK, phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K), and Ral guanine nucleotide exchange factor (RalGEF). Ras signal transduction pathways play an imp...

    Authors: Michael D Oberst, Stacey J Beberman, Liu Zhao, Juan Juan Yin, Yvona Ward and Kathleen Kelly
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:189
  5. A number of studies have investigated whether the activity levels of enzymes involved in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) metabolism are prognostic factors for survival in patients with colorectal carcinoma. Most reports...

    Authors: Masashi Ishikawa, Takayuki Miyauchi and Yutaka Kashiwagi
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:188
  6. Mortality from colorectal cancer is mainly due to metastatic liver disease. Improved understanding of the molecular events underlying metastasis is crucial for the development of new methods for early detectio...

    Authors: Donia P Macartney-Coxson, Kylie A Hood, Hong-jun Shi, Teresa Ward, Anna Wiles, Rosemary O'Connor, David A Hall, Rod A Lea, Janice A Royds, Richard S Stubbs and Serena Rooker
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:187
  7. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between16-slice spiral CT perfusion imaging and tumor angiogenesis and VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) expression in patients with benign and ...

    Authors: Shu-Hua Ma, Hong-Bo Le, Bao-hui Jia, Zhao-Xin Wang, Zhuang-Wei Xiao, Xiao-Ling Cheng, Wei Mei, Min Wu, Zhi-Guo Hu and Yu-Guang Li
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:186
  8. Syndecan-1 is a transmembrane proteoglycan with important roles in cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesion and as a growth factor co-receptor. Syndecan-1 is highly expressed by normal epithelial cells...

    Authors: Yosuke Hashimoto, Marek Skacel and Josephine C Adams
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:185
  9. Urothelial carcinomas originate from the epithelial cells of the inner lining of the bladder and may appear as single or as multiple synchronous tumors. Patients with urothelial carcinomas frequently show recu...

    Authors: David Lindgren, Sigurdur Gudjonsson, Kowan Ja Jee, Fredrik Liedberg, Sonja Aits, Anna Andersson, Gunilla Chebil, Åke Borg, Sakari Knuutila, Thoas Fioretos, Wiking Månsson and Mattias Höglund
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:183
  10. Ameloblastomas are odontogenic neoplasms characterized by local invasiveness. This study was conducted to address the role of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in the invasiveness of ameloblastomas.

    Authors: Anxun Wang, Bin Zhang, Hongzhang Huang, Leitao Zhang, Donglin Zeng, Qian Tao, Jianguang Wang and Chaobin Pan
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:182
  11. Chrysotile is considered less harmful to human health than other types of asbestos fibers. Its clearance from the lung is faster and, in comparison to amphibole forms of asbestos, chrysotile asbestos fail to a...

    Authors: Beatriz A Cortez and Glaucia M Machado-Santelli
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:181
  12. Breast and prostate cancer patients often develop lesions of locally high bone turnover, when the primary tumor metastasizes to the bone causing an abnormal high bone resorption at this site. The objective of ...

    Authors: Diana J Leeming, Inger Byrjalsen, Per Qvist, Mitsuru Koizumi, Niels Lynnerup, Michael Fregerslev, Mette G Sørensen, Claus Christiansen and Morten A Karsdal
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:180
  13. A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease (ADAM) 9 has been implicated in tumour progression of various solid tumours, however, little is known about its role in renal cell carcinoma. We evaluated the expression of ADAM...

    Authors: Florian R Fritzsche, Kirsten Wassermann, Monika Jung, Angelika Tölle, Ilka Kristiansen, Michael Lein, Manfred Johannsen, Manfred Dietel, Klaus Jung and Glen Kristiansen
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:179
  14. CXCR2 chemokine ligands CXCL1, CXCL5 and CXCL6 were shown to be involved in chemoattraction, inflammatory responses, tumor growth and angiogenesis. Here, we comparatively analyzed their expression profile in r...

    Authors: Claudia Rubie, Vilma Oliveira Frick, Mathias Wagner, Jochen Schuld, Stefan Gräber, Brigitte Brittner, Rainer M Bohle and Martin K Schilling
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:178
  15. Pain is said to be one of the most feared and distressing symptoms of cancer and one that disrupts all aspects of life. The purposes of this study were: 1) to compare depression and quality of life among Irani...

    Authors: Azadeh Tavoli, Ali Montazeri, Rasool Roshan, Zahra Tavoli and Mahdiyeh Melyani
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:177
  16. Rapamycin, an inhibitor of mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR), is an immunosuppressive agent that has anti-proliferative effects on some tumors. However, the role of Rapamycin-induced immune suppression on t...

    Authors: Elena V Svirshchevskaya, Jacopo Mariotti, Mollie H Wright, Natalia Y Viskova, William Telford, Daniel H Fowler and Lyuba Varticovski
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:176
  17. Copper homeostasis proteins ATP7A and ATP7B are assumed to be involved in the intracellular transport of cisplatin. The aim of the present study was to assess the relevance of sub cellular localisation of thes...

    Authors: Ganna V Kalayda, Christina H Wagner, Irina Buß, Jan Reedijk and Ulrich Jaehde
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:175
  18. The human pregnane X receptor (hPXR) is an orphan nuclear receptor that induces transcription of response elements present in steroid-inducible cytochrome P-450 gene promoters. This activation requires the par...

    Authors: Isabel Conde, María VT Lobo, Javier Zamora, Julio Pérez, Francisco J González, Emilio Alba, Benito Fraile, Ricardo Paniagua and María I Arenas
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:174
  19. Recurrent loss of part of the long arm of chromosome 11 is a well established hallmark of a subtype of aggressive neuroblastomas. Despite intensive mapping efforts to localize the culprit 11q tumour suppressor...

    Authors: Evi Michels, Jasmien Hoebeeck, Katleen De Preter, Alexander Schramm, Bénédicte Brichard, Anne De Paepe, Angelika Eggert, Geneviève Laureys, Jo Vandesompele and Frank Speleman
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:173
  20. S100A4 is a metastasis-associated protein which has been linked to multiple cellular events, and has been identified extracellularly, in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus of tumor cells; however, the biological...

    Authors: Mads H Haugen, Kjersti Flatmark, Svein-Ole Mikalsen and Gunhild M Malandsmo
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:172
  21. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer for both sexes in developed countries. This study assessed the knowledge, attitudes, and preventive practices regarding CRC of adults in Italy.

    Authors: Alessandra Sessa, Rossella Abbate, Gabriella Di Giuseppe, Paolo Marinelli and Italo F Angelillo
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:171
  22. Resectable adenocarcinomas in the pancreatic head, by definition "periampullary", originate from ampullary, duodenal, biliary, or ductal pancreatic epithelium. Typically, periampullary adenocarcinomas have eit...

    Authors: Arne Westgaard, Svetlana Tafjord, Inger N Farstad, Milada Cvancarova, Tor J Eide, Oystein Mathisen, Ole Petter F Clausen and Ivar P Gladhaug
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:170
  23. Cetuximab, a monoclonal antibody targeting Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR), is currently used in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), but predictive factors for therapeutic response are lacking. Mutati...

    Authors: Anthony Gonçalves, Séverine Esteyries, Brynn Taylor-Smedra, Arnaud Lagarde, Mounay Ayadi, Geneviève Monges, François Bertucci, Benjamin Esterni, Jean-Robert Delpero, Olivier Turrini, Bernard Lelong, Patrice Viens, Jean-Paul Borg, Daniel Birnbaum, Sylviane Olschwang and Frédéric Viret
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:169
  24. Regional lymph node metastasis is an important prognostic factor in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and plays a decisive role in the choice of treatment. Here, we present an independent gene expr...

    Authors: Erik F Hensen, Maria J De Herdt, Jelle J Goeman, Jan Oosting, Vincent THBM Smit, Cees J Cornelisse and Robert J Baatenburg de Jong
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:168
  25. Limited information is available on the effects of progestins on breast cancer progression and metastasis. Cell migration and invasion are central for these processes, and require dynamic cytoskeletal and cell...

    Authors: Xiao-Dong Fu, Maria Silvia Giretti, Lorenzo Goglia, Marina Ines Flamini, Angel Matias Sanchez, Chiara Baldacci, Silvia Garibaldi, Regine Sitruk-Ware, Andrea Riccardo Genazzani and Tommaso Simoncini
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:166
  26. Accurate evaluation of axillary lymph node (ALN) involvement is mandatory before treatment of primary breast cancer. The aim of this study is to compare preoperative diagnostic accuracy between positron emissi...

    Authors: Shigeto Ueda, Hitoshi Tsuda, Hideki Asakawa, Jiro Omata, Kazuhiko Fukatsu, Nobuo Kondo, Tadaharu Kondo, Yukihiro Hama, Katsumi Tamura, Jiro Ishida, Yoshiyuki Abe and Hidetaka Mochizuki
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:165
  27. The Satisfaction with Cancer Information Profile (SCIP) has previously been shown to be a valid and reliable measure responsive to changes in patient satisfaction over time. It has been suggested that the SCIP...

    Authors: Matthew C Hankins and Carrie D Llewellyn
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:164
  28. Despite extensive research, the five-year survival rate of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients has not improved. Effective treatment of OSCC requires the identification of molecular targets and signal...

    Authors: Sanjukta Chakraborty, SM Azeem Mohiyuddin, KS Gopinath and Arun Kumar
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:163
  29. p53 is an important tumour suppressor with a known role in the later stages of colorectal cancer, but its relevance to the early stages of neoplastic initiation remains somewhat unclear. Although p53-dependent...

    Authors: Karen R Reed, Valerie S Meniel, Victoria Marsh, Alicia Cole, Owen J Sansom and Alan R Clarke
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:162
  30. Viscum album (VA) preparations have been used as a complimentary therapy in cancer. In addition to their cytotoxic properties, they have also been shown to have immunostimulatory properties. In the present study...

    Authors: Sri Ramulu Elluru, Jean-Paul Duong van Huyen, Sandrine Delignat, Michel D Kazatchkine, Alain Friboulet, Srini V Kaveri and Jagadeesh Bayry
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:161
  31. Adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) is located in the inner mitochondrial membrane and catalyzes the exchange of mitochondrial ATP for cytosolic ADP. ANT has been known to be a major component of the permeabi...

    Authors: Ji-Young Jang, Yun Choi, Yoon-Kyung Jeon, Khin Chaw aYu Aung and Chul-Woo Kim
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:160
  32. Antisense oligonucleotides against hTR (As-ODN-hTR) have shown promising results as treatment strategies for various human malignancies. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is a signalling molecule with important r...

    Authors: Qin Xu, Zhiyuan Zhang, Ping Zhang and Wantao Chen
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:159
  33. Our previous study revealed that Vav3 oncogene is overexpressed in human prostate cancer, activates androgen receptor, and stimulates growth in prostate cancer cells. The current study is to determine a potent...

    Authors: Kiwon Lee, Yin Liu, Jun Qin Mo, Jinsong Zhang, Zhongyun Dong and Shan Lu
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:158
  34. Progress in lung cancer is hampered by the lack of clinically useful diagnostic markers. The goal of this study was to provide a detailed evaluation of lung cancer tumor markers indicative of molecular abnorma...

    Authors: Min Cheng, Yongyan Chen, Xiaoqing Yu, Zhigang Tian and Haiming Wei
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:156
  35. The identification of a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation in familial breast cancer kindreds allows genetic testing of at risk relatives. However, considerable controversy exists regarding the cancer risks in women who tes...

    Authors: D Gareth Evans, Andrew Shenton, Emma Woodward, Fiona Lalloo, Anthony Howell and Eamonn R Maher
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:155
  36. Inhibitor of DNA binding/Inhibitor of differentiation 4 (ID4) is a critical factor for cell proliferation and differentiation in normal vertebrate development. ID4 has regulative functions for differentiation and...

    Authors: Erik Noetzel, Jürgen Veeck, Dieter Niederacher, Oliver Galm, Felicitas Horn, Arndt Hartmann, Ruth Knüchel and Edgar Dahl
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:154
  37. Cell lines constitute a powerful model to study cancer, and here we describe three new epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cell lines derived from poorly differentiated serous solid tumors (TOV-1946, and TOV-2223G...

    Authors: Véronique Ouellet, Magdalena Zietarska, Lise Portelance, Julie Lafontaine, Jason Madore, Marie-Line Puiffe, Suzanna L Arcand, Zhen Shen, Josée Hébert, Patricia N Tonin, Diane M Provencher and Anne-Marie Mes-Masson
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:152
  38. Tumour hypoxia is known to be a poor prognostic indicator, predictive of increased risk of metastatic disease and reduced survival. Genomic instability has been proposed as one of the potential mechanisms for ...

    Authors: Tuula M Kalliomäki, Gordon McCallum, Sarah Jane Lunt, Peter G Wells and Richard P Hill
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:151
  39. In the present study we analyze, in patients with breast cancer, the tumor expression of androgen receptors (AR), its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics and with the expression of several ma...

    Authors: Luis O Gonzalez, Maria D Corte, Julio Vazquez, Sara Junquera, Rosario Sanchez, Ana C Alvarez, Juan C Rodriguez, Maria L Lamelas and Francisco J Vizoso
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:149
  40. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of infusional 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), folinic acid and oxaliplatin (modified FOLFOX-6) in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC), as fi...

    Authors: Bhumsuk Keam, Seock-Ah Im, Sae-Won Han, Hye Seon Ham, Min A Kim, Do-Youn Oh, Se-Hoon Lee, Jee Hyun Kim, Dong-Wan Kim, Tae-You Kim, Dae Seog Heo, Woo Ho Kim and Yung-Jue Bang
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:148
  41. The 21-kDa Vaccinia virus VH1-related (VHR) dual-specific protein phosphatase (encoded by the DUSP3 gene) plays a critical role in cell cycle progression and is itself regulated during the cell cycle. We have pre...

    Authors: Rachel Henkens, Philippe Delvenne, Mohammad Arafa, Michel Moutschen, Mustapha Zeddou, Lutz Tautz, Jacques Boniver, Tomas Mustelin and Souad Rahmouni
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:147
  42. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are the two most important genes associated with familial breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility. In addition, PALB2 has recently been identified as a breast cancer susceptibility gene in sever...

    Authors: Katri Pylkäs, Hannele Erkko, Jenni Nikkilä, Szilvia Sólyom and Robert Winqvist
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:146
  43. The human gene ERH (Enhancer of the Rudimentary gene Homologue) has previously been identified by in silico analysis of four million ESTs as a gene differentially expressed in breast cancer. The biological functi...

    Authors: Menelaos Zafrakas, Inge Losen, Ruth Knüchel and Edgar Dahl
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:145
  44. RET/PTC (rearranged in transformation/papillary thyroid carcinomas) gene rearrangements are the most frequent genetic alterations identified in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Although it has been established tha...

    Authors: Young-Rae Kim, Hee Sun Byun, Minho Won, Kyeong Ah Park, Jin Man Kim, Byung Lyul Choi, Hyunji Lee, Jang Hee Hong, Jongsun Park, Jeong Ho Seok, Dong Wook Kim, Minho Shong, Seung-Kiel Park and Gang Min Hur
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:144
  45. IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) regulates the bioavailability of insulin-like growth factors I and II, and has both anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic properties. Elevated plasma IGFBP-3 has been associated ...

    Authors: Temitope O Keku, Robert S Sandler, James G Simmons, Joseph Galanko, John T Woosley, Michelle Proffitt, Oluwaseun Omofoye, Maya McDoom and Pauline K Lund
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2008 8:143

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