World Health Organization. International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2007.
Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C, Parkin DM. Estimates of worldwide burden of cancer in 2008: GLOBOCAN 2008. Int J Cancer. 2010;127:2893–917.
de Camargo CM, Voti L, Guerra-Yi M, Chapuis F, Mazuir M, Curado MP. Oral cavity cancer in developed and in developing countries: population-based incidence. Head Neck. 2010;32:357–67.
Ligier K, Belot A, Launoy G, Velten M, Bossard N, Iwaz J, et al. Descriptive epidemiology of upper aerodigestive tract cancers in France: incidence over 1980–2005 and projection to 2010. Oral Oncol. 2011;47:302–7.
Radoi L, Paget-Bailly S, Cyr D, Papadopoulos A, Guida F, Schmaus A, et al. Tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking and risk of oral cavity cancer by subsite: results of a French population-based case–control study, the ICARE study. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2012;22:268–76.
Andre K, Schraub S, Mercier M, Bontemps P. Role of alcohol and tobacco in the aetiology of head and neck cancer: a case–control study in the Doubs region of France. Eur J Cancer B Oral Oncol. 1995;31B:301–9.
Brugere J, Guenel P, Leclerc A, Rodriguez J. Differential effects of tobacco and alcohol in cancer of the larynx, pharynx, and mouth. Cancer. 1986;57:391–5.
Leclerc A, Brugere J, Luce D, Point D, Guenel P. Type of alcoholic beverage and cancer of the upper respiratory and digestive tract. Eur J Cancer Clin Oncol. 1987;23:529–34.
Radoi L, Paget-Bailly S, Cyr D, Papadopoulos A, Guida F, Tarnaud C, et al. Body mass index, body mass change, and risk of oral cavity cancer: results of a large population-based case–control study, the ICARE study. Cancer Causes Control. 2013;24:1437–48.
Radoi L, Paget-Bailly S, Guida F, Cyr D, Menvielle G, Schmaus A, et al. Family history of cancer, personal history of medical conditions and risk of oral cavity cancer in France: the ICARE study. BMC Cancer. 2013;13:560.
Radoi L, Paget-Bailly S, Menvielle G, Cyr D, Schmaus A, Carton M, et al. Tea and coffee consumption and risk of oral cavity cancer: Results of a large population-based case–control study, the ICARE study. Cancer Epidemiol. 2013;37:284–9.
Petti S, Mohd M, Scully C. Revisiting the association between alcohol drinking and oral cancer in nonsmoking and betel quid non-chewing individuals. Cancer Epidemiol. 2012;36:e1–6.
Anantharaman D, Marron M, Lagiou P, Samoli E, Ahrens W, Pohlabeln H, et al. Population attributable risk of tobacco and alcohol for upper aerodigestive tract cancer. Oral Oncol. 2011;47:725–31.
Castellsague X, Quintana MJ, Martinez MC, Nieto A, Sanchez MJ, Juan A, et al. The role of type of tobacco and type of alcoholic beverage in oral carcinogenesis. Int J Cancer. 2004;108:741–9.
Hashibe M, Brennan P, Chuang SC, Boccia S, Castellsague X, Chen C, et al. Interaction between tobacco and alcohol use and the risk of head and neck cancer: pooled analysis in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Consortium. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009;18:541–50.
Schildt EB, Eriksson M, Hardell L, Magnuson A. Oral snuff, smoking habits and alcohol consumption in relation to oral cancer in a Swedish case–control study. Int J Cancer. 1998;77:341–6.
Szymanska K, Hung RJ, Wunsch-Filho V, Eluf-Neto J, Curado MP, Koifman S, et al. Alcohol and tobacco, and the risk of cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract in Latin America: a case–control study. Cancer Causes Control. 2011;22:1037–46.
Ferreira Antunes JL, Toporcov TN, Biazevic MG, Boing AF, Scully C, Petti S. Joint and independent effects of alcohol drinking and tobacco smoking on oral cancer: a large case–control study. PLoS One. 2013;8, e68132.
Toporcov TN, Znaor A, Zhang ZF, Yu GP, Winn DM, Wei Q, et al. Risk factors for head and neck cancer in young adults: a pooled analysis in the INHANCE consortium. Int J Epidemiol. 2015;44:169–85.
Barasch A, Morse DE, Krutchkoff DJ, Eisenberg E. Smoking, gender, and age as risk factors for site-specific intraoral squamous cell carcinoma. A case-series analysis. Cancer. 1994;73:509–13.
Boffetta P, Mashberg A, Winkelmann R, Garfinkel L. Carcinogenic effect of tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking on anatomic sites of the oral cavity and oropharynx. Int J Cancer. 1992;52:530–3.
Jovanovic A, Schulten EA, Kostense PJ, Snow GB, van der Waal I. Tobacco and alcohol related to the anatomical site of oral squamous cell carcinoma. J Oral Pathol Med. 1993;22:459–62.
Llewelyn J, Mitchell R. Smoking, alcohol and oral cancer in south east Scotland: a 10-year experience. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1994;32:146–52.
Macfarlane GJ, Zheng T, Marshall JR, Boffetta P, Niu S, Brasure J, et al. Alcohol, tobacco, diet and the risk of oral cancer: a pooled analysis of three case–control studies. Eur J Cancer B Oral Oncol. 1995;31B:181–7.
Spitz MR, Fueger JJ, Goepfert H, Hong WK, Newell GR. Squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract. A case comparison analysis. Cancer. 1988;61:203–8.
Negri E, Boffetta P, Berthiller J, Castellsague X, Curado MP, Dal ML, et al. Family history of cancer: pooled analysis in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Consortium. Int J Cancer. 2009;124:394–401.
Luce D, Stucker I, Icare Study Group. Investigation of occupational and environmental causes of respiratory cancers (ICARE): a multicenter, population-based case–control study in France. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:928.
World Health Organization. International Classification of Diseases for Oncology 3rd Revision. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2000.
Brady A. sbe21 - Adjusted population attributable fractions from logistic regression. Stata Technical Bulletin. 1998;42:8–12.
Greenland S, Drescher K. Maximum likelihood estimation of the attributable fraction from logistic models. Biometrics. 1993;49:865–72.
Hashibe M, Brennan P, Benhamou S, Castellsague X, Chen C, Curado MP, et al. Alcohol drinking in never users of tobacco, cigarette smoking in never drinkers, and the risk of head and neck cancer: pooled analysis in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Consortium. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2007;99:777–89.
Petti S, Masood M, Messano GA, Scully C. Alcohol is not a risk factor for oral cancer in nonsmoking, betel quid non-chewing individuals. A meta-analysis update. Ann Ig. 2013;25:3–14.
Godschalk RW, Feldker DE, Borm PJ, Wouters EF, van Schooten FJ. Body mass index modulates aromatic DNA adduct levels and their persistence in smokers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2002;11:790–3.
Hsu SD, Singh BB, Lewis JB, Borke JL, Dickinson DP, Drake L, et al. Chemoprevention of oral cancer by green tea. Gen Dent. 2002;50:140–6.
Schwartz JL, Baker V, Larios E, Chung FL. Molecular and cellular effects of green tea on oral cells of smokers: a pilot study. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2005;49:43–51.
Legleye S, Rosilio T, Nahon T. Alcoolisation, un phénomène complexe. In: Guilbert P, Gautier A, editors. Baromètre santé 2005, Editions INPES. 2005.
Kerber RA, Slattery ML. Comparison of self-reported and database-linked family history of cancer data in a case–control study. Am J Epidemiol. 1997;146:244–8.
Love RR, Evans AM, Josten DM. The accuracy of patient reports of a family history of cancer. J Chronic Dis. 1985;38:289–93.
Ferraroni M, Tavani A, Decarli A, Franceschi S, Parpinel M, Negri E, et al. Reproducibility and validity of coffee and tea consumption in Italy. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58:674–80.
Hobbs CG, Sterne JA, Bailey M, Heyderman RS, Birchall MA, Thomas SJ. Human papillomavirus and head and neck cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Otolaryngol. 2006;31:259–66.
Applebaum KM, Furniss CS, Zeka A, Posner MR, Smith JF, Bryan J, et al. Lack of association of alcohol and tobacco with HPV16-associated head and neck cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2007;99:1801–10.
Rosenquist K, Wennerberg J, Schildt EB, Bladstrom A, Hansson BG, Andersson G. Use of Swedish moist snuff, smoking and alcohol consumption in the aetiology of oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. A population-based case–control study in southern Sweden. Acta Otolaryngol. 2005;125:991–8.
Hansson BG, Rosenquist K, Antonsson A, Wennerberg J, Schildt EB, Bladstrom A, et al. Strong association between infection with human papillomavirus and oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma: a population-based case–control study in southern Sweden. Acta Otolaryngol. 2005;125:1337–44.
World Health Organization. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Attributable causes of cancer in France in the year 2000. IARC working group reports. 2007;3:46.
Freedman ND, Park Y, Subar AF, Hollenbeck AR, Leitzmann MF, Schatzkin A, et al. Fruit and vegetable intake and head and neck cancer risk in a large United States prospective cohort study. Int J Cancer. 2008;122:2330–6.
Lagiou P, Talamini R, Samoli E, Lagiou A, Ahrens W, Pohlabeln H, et al. Diet and upper-aerodigestive tract cancer in Europe: the ARCAGE study. Int J Cancer. 2009;124:2671–6.
Pavia M, Pileggi C, Nobile CG, Angelillo IF. Association between fruit and vegetable consumption and oral cancer: a meta-analysis of observational studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;83:1126–34.