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  1. The response rate of ovarian mucinous carcinomas to paclitaxel/carboplatin is low, prompting interest in targeted molecular therapies. We investigated HER2 expression and amplification, and the potential for t...

    Authors: Jessica N McAlpine, Kimberly C Wiegand, Russell Vang, Brigitte M Ronnett, Anna Adamiak, Martin Köbel, Steve E Kalloger, Kenneth D Swenerton, David G Huntsman, C Blake Gilks and Dianne M Miller
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:433
  2. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are frequently overexpressed in numerous types of cancers and are known to be important regulators of angiogenesis. Until...

    Authors: Dan Cao, Mei Hou, Yong-song Guan, Ming Jiang, Yu Yang and Hong-feng Gou
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:432
  3. Increased ST6Gal I activity has been associated with the α(2,6)sialylation enhancement of membrane glycoconjugates observed in metastatic colorectal carcinomas (CRC). Siaα(2,6)Galβ(1,4)GlcNAc sequence, known a...

    Authors: Clotilde Costa-Nogueira, Susana Villar-Portela, Elisa Cuevas, Emilio Gil-Martín and Almudena Fernández-Briera
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:431
  4. Studies on the association between prostate cancer and cadmium exposure have yielded conflicting results. This study explored cadmium burden on the risk and phenotype of prostate cancer in men with no evident ...

    Authors: Yi-Chun Chen, Yeong S Pu, Hsi-Chin Wu, Tony T Wu, Ming Kuen Lai, Chun Y Yang and Fung-Chang Sung
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:429
  5. Ameloblastoma is a frequent odontogenic benign tumor characterized by local invasiveness, high risk of recurrence and occasional metastasis and malignant transformation. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) prom...

    Authors: Bin Zhang, Jin Zhang, Zhi-Ying Xu and Hong-Liang Xie
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:427
  6. HIWI, the human homologue of Piwi family, is present in CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells and germ cells, but not in well-differentiated cell populations, indicating that HIWI may play an impotent role in determinin...

    Authors: Wei He, Zhihui Wang, Qi Wang, Qingxia Fan, Chengcao Shou, Junsheng Wang, Karl-Erik Giercksky, Jahn M Nesland and Zhenhe Suo
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:426
  7. Members of the PDGF family have been suggested as potential biomarkers for papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). However, it is known that both expression and stimulatory effect of PDGF ligands can be affected b...

    Authors: Ove Bruland, Øystein Fluge, Lars A Akslen, Hans G Eiken, Johan R Lillehaug, Jan E Varhaug and Per M Knappskog
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:425
  8. Techniques for detecting circulating tumor cells in the peripheral blood of patients with head and neck cancers may identify individuals likely to benefit from early systemic treatment.

    Authors: Stuart C Winter, Sally-Anne Stephenson, Selva K Subramaniam, Vinidh Paleri, Kien Ha, Conor Marnane, Suren Krishnan and Guy Rees
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:424
  9. Retinoid Receptors are involved in development and cell homeostasis. Alterations of their expressions have been observed in lung cancer. However, retinoid chemoprevention trials in populations at risk to devel...

    Authors: Stéphane Poulain, Stéphanie Lacomme, Shyue-Fang Battaglia-Hsu, Stanislas du Manoir, Lydia Brochin, Jean-Michel Vignaud and Nadine Martinet
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:423
  10. Neuroblastoma is a pediatric tumor of neural crest cells that is clinically characterized by its variable evolution, from spontaneous regression to malignancy. Despite many advances in neuroblastoma research, ...

    Authors: Carine Nyalendo, Hervé Sartelet, Stéphane Barrette, Shigeru Ohta, Denis Gingras and Richard Béliveau
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:422
  11. Along with the development of new cancer therapeutics, more effective tools for the estimation of response to therapy and prediction of disease progression are required for the better management of inoperable ...

    Authors: Sachin Kumar, Randeep Guleria, Vikas Singh, Alok C Bharti, Anant Mohan and Bhudev C Das
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:421
  12. Although postoperative chemotherapy is widely accepted as the standard modality for Dukes' stage C or earlier stage colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, biomarkers to predict those who may benefit from the therap...

    Authors: Ten-i Godai, Tetsuji Suda, Nobuhiro Sugano, Kazuhito Tsuchida, Manabu Shiozawa, Hironobu Sekiguchi, Akiko Sekiyama, Mitsuyo Yoshihara, Shoichi Matsukuma, Yuji Sakuma, Eiju Tsuchiya, Yoichi Kameda, Makoto Akaike and Yohei Miyagi
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:420
  13. Androgen deprivation therapy leads to a number of adverse effects including deterioration of the musculoskeletal system and increased risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic complications. The purpose of...

    Authors: Daniel A Galvão, Nigel Spry, Dennis R Taaffe, James Denham, David Joseph, David S Lamb, Greg Levin, Gillian Duchesne and Robert U Newton
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:419
  14. Despite well-studied tumor hypoxia in laboratory, little is known about the association with other pathophysiological events in the clinical view. We investigated the prognostic value of hypoxia-inducible fact...

    Authors: Chen-Xin Dai, Qiang Gao, Shuang-Jian Qiu, Min-Jie Ju, Ming-Yan Cai, Yong-Feng Xu, Jian Zhou, Bo-Heng Zhang and Jia Fan
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:418
  15. TEM1/endosialin is an emerging microvascular marker of tumor angiogenesis. We characterized the expression pattern of TEM1/endosialin in astrocytic and metastatic brain tumors and investigated its role as a ther...

    Authors: Eleanor B Carson-Walter, Bethany N Winans, Melissa C Whiteman, Yang Liu, Sally Jarvela, Hannu Haapasalo, Betty M Tyler, David L Huso, Mahlon D Johnson and Kevin A Walter
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:417
  16. Tumor-specific cytotoxic T cells and infiltrating lymphocytes are frequently found in tumor tissues in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Most patients with NPC, however, especially those with advan...

    Authors: Peng Liu, Bai-Lu Xie, Shao-Hui Cai, Yun-Wen He, Ge Zhang, Yan-Mei Yi and Jun Du
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:416
  17. Broccoli is a Brassica vegetable that is believed to possess chemopreventive properties. Selenium also shows promise as an anticancer agent. Thus, selenium enrichment of broccoli has the potential to enhance t...

    Authors: Rizky Abdulah, Ahmad Faried, Kenji Kobayashi, Chiho Yamazaki, Eka W Suradji, Kazuto Ito, Kazuhiro Suzuki, Masami Murakami, Hiroyuki Kuwano and Hiroshi Koyama
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:414
  18. Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) represent a heterogeneous group of tumours of mesenchymal origin characterized by gain-of-function mutations in KIT or PDGFRA of the type III receptor tyrosine kinase fami...

    Authors: Jerzy Ostrowski, Marcin Polkowski, Agnieszka Paziewska, Magdalena Skrzypczak, Krzysztof Goryca, Tymon Rubel, Katarzyna Kokoszyñska, Piotr Rutkowski, Zbigniew I Nowecki, Anna Jerzak Vel Dobosz, Dorota Jarosz, Wlodzimierz Ruka and Lucjan S Wyrwicz
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:413
  19. Pancreatic cancer is an extremely aggressive malignancy. Subjects are afflicted with a variety of disconcerting symptoms, including profound cachexia. Recent data indicate that the outcome of oncological patie...

    Authors: Angela Märten, Moritz N Wente, Jennifer Ose, Markus W Büchler, Ingeborg Rötzer, Christiane Decker-Baumann, Irini Karapanagiotou-Schenkel, Sabine Harig, Jan Schmidt and Dirk Jäger
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:412
  20. c-Met is a tyrosine kinase receptor for hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF), and both c-Met and its ligand are expressed in a variety of tissues. C-Met/HGF/SF signaling is essential for normal emb...

    Authors: Hal E Crosswell, Anindya Dasgupta, Carlos S Alvarado, Tanya Watt, James G Christensen, Pradip De, Donald L Durden and Harry W Findley
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:411
  21. Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) is the prototypic member of the cold shock protein family that fulfills numerous cellular functions. In the nucleus YB-1 protein orchestrates transcription of proliferation-relat...

    Authors: Edgar Dahl, Abdelaziz En-Nia, Frank Wiesmann, Renate Krings, Sonja Djudjaj, Elisabeth Breuer, Thomas Fuchs, Peter J Wild, Arndt Hartmann, Sandra E Dunn and Peter R Mertens
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:410
  22. Protracted low-dose concurrent chemotherapy combined with radiation has been proposed for enhanced treatment results for esophageal cancer. We evaluated the efficacy and the toxicity of a novel regimen of dail...

    Authors: Satoshi Osawa, Takahisa Furuta, Ken Sugimoto, Takashi Kosugi, Tomohiro Terai, Mihoko Yamade, Yasuhiro Takayanagi, Masafumi Nishino, Yasushi Hamaya, Chise Kodaira, Takanori Yamada, Moriya Iwaizumi, Kosuke Takagaki, Ken-ichi Yoshida, Shigeru Kanaoka and Mutsuhiro Ikuma
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:408
  23. The xenobiotic transporters, Multidrug Resistance 1 (MDR1/ABCB1) and Breast Cancer Resistance Protein (BCRP/ABCG2) may restrict intestinal absorption of various carcinogens, including heterocyclic amines (HCA) an...

    Authors: Vibeke Andersen, Mette Østergaard, Jane Christensen, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland and Ulla Vogel
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:407
  24. The Int7G24A variant of transforming growth factor-beta receptor type I (TGFBR1) has been shown to increase the risk for kidney, ovarian, bladder, lung and breast cancers. Its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) has ...

    Authors: Adela Castillejo, Trinidad Mata-Balaguer, Carla Guarinos, María-Isabel Castillejo, Ana Martínez-Cantó, Víctor-Manuel Barberá, Paola Montenegro, Enrique Ochoa, Rafael Lázaro, Carmen Guillén-Ponce, Alfredo Carrato and José-Luís Soto
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:406
  25. Depending on the population studied, large genomic rearrangements (LGRs) of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes constitute various proportions of the germline mutations that predispose to hereditary non-polyposis col...

    Authors: Katarina Zavodna, Tomas Krivulcik, Maria Gerykova Bujalkova, Tomas Slamka, David Martinicky, Denisa Ilencikova and Zdena Bartosova
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:405
  26. It has been speculated that the biostimulatory effect of Low Level Laser Therapy could cause undesirable enhancement of tumor growth in neoplastic diseases. The aim of the present study is to analyze the behav...

    Authors: Lúcio Frigo, Juliana SS Luppi, Giovani M Favero, Durnavei A Maria, Sócrates C Penna, Jan M Bjordal, Rene J Bensadoun and Rodrigo AB Lopes-Martins
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:404
  27. The seroprevalence of IgG antibodies of Streptococcus gallolyticus subspecies gallolyticus, CIP 105428, was evaluated to investigate the controversial association of S. gallolyticus with colorectal carcinoma and ...

    Authors: Ahmed S Abdulamir, Rand R Hafidh, Layla K Mahdi, Tarik Al-jeboori and Fatimah Abubaker
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:403
  28. Epithelial cell adhesion molecule EpCAM is a transmembrane glycoprotein, which is frequently over-expressed in simple epithelia, progenitors, embryonic and tissue stem cells, carcinoma and cancer-initiating ce...

    Authors: Sabine Denzel, Dorothea Maetzel, Brigitte Mack, Carola Eggert, Gabriele Bärr and Olivier Gires
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:402
  29. Colon cancer arises from the accumulation of multiple genetic and epigenetic alterations to normal colonic tissue. microRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding regulatory RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate ...

    Authors: Aaron L Sarver, Amy J French, Pedro M Borralho, Venugopal Thayanithy, Ann L Oberg, Kevin AT Silverstein, Bruce W Morlan, Shaun M Riska, Lisa A Boardman, Julie M Cunningham, Subbaya Subramanian, Liang Wang, Tom C Smyrk, Cecilia MP Rodrigues, Stephen N Thibodeau and Clifford J Steer
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:401
  30. Genetic polymorphisms in DNA repair genes may influence individual variation in DNA repair capacity, which may be associated with risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) related to the exposure of aflatoxin B1 ...

    Authors: Xi Dai Long, Yun Ma, Yun Feng Zhou, Jin Guang Yao, Fu Zhi Ban, Yong Zhi Huang and Bing Cheng Huang
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:400
  31. Drug resistance is a primary hindrance for the efficiency of chemotherapy against osteosarcoma. Although chemotherapy has improved the prognosis of osteosarcoma patients dramatically after introduction of neo-...

    Authors: Michiro Susa, Arun K Iyer, Keinosuke Ryu, Francis J Hornicek, Henry Mankin, Mansoor M Amiji and Zhenfeng Duan
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:399
  32. Etoposide is currently one of the most commonly used antitumor drugs. The mechanisms of action proposed for its antitumor activity are based mainly on its interaction with topoisomerase II. Etoposide effects i...

    Authors: Emilio Rojas, Patricia Mussali, Efrain Tovar and Mahara Valverde
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:398
  33. Polymorphisms in glutathione S-transferase (GST) genes may influence response to oxidative stress and modify prostate cancer (PCA) susceptibility. These enzymes generally detoxify endogenous and exogenous agents,...

    Authors: Nicole A Lavender, Marnita L Benford, Tiva T VanCleave, Guy N Brock, Rick A Kittles, Jason H Moore, David W Hein and La Creis R Kidd
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:397
  34. The Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) in Head and Neck Cancer neoplasm virtual biorepository is a bioinformatics-supported system to incorporate data from various clinical, pathological, and m...

    Authors: Waqas Amin, Hyunseok P Kang, Ann Marie Egloff, Harpreet Singh, Kerry Trent, Jennifer Ridge-Hetrick, Raja R Seethala, Jennifer Grandis and Anil V Parwani
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:396
  35. The strong association between aberrant HDAC activity and the occurrence of cancer has led to the development of a variety of HDAC inhibitors (HDIs), which emerge as promising new targeted anticancer therapeut...

    Authors: Annika Lehmann, Carsten Denkert, Jan Budczies, Ann-Christin Buckendahl, Silvia Darb-Esfahani, Aurelia Noske, Berit Maria Müller, Marcus Bahra, Peter Neuhaus, Manfred Dietel, Glen Kristiansen and Wilko Weichert
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:395
  36. B7-H4, a co-inhibitory molecule of the B7 family, can restrain T cell proliferation, cytokine secretion and the development of cytotoxicity. B7-H4 is expressed in tumor tissues at a higher level than in normal...

    Authors: Jie Zhang, Mingyan Zhang, Wei Jiang, Lihong Wang, Zhenkun Fu, Dalin Li, Da Pang and Dianjun Li
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:394
  37. Chondroblastoma is a benign cartilaginous tumour of bone that predominantly affects the epiphysis of long bones in young males. No recurrent chromosomal re-arrangements have so far been observed. Methods: We i...

    Authors: Salvatore Romeo, Karoly Szuhai, Isao Nishimori, Marije Ijszenga, Pauline Wijers-Koster, Antonie HM Taminiau and Pancras CW Hogendoorn
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:393
  38. Although tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a promising agent for human cancer therapy, prostate cancer still remains resistant to TRAIL. Both X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (X...

    Authors: Yao Dai, Meilan Liu, Wenhua Tang, Yongming Li, Jiqin Lian, Theodore S Lawrence and Liang Xu
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:392
  39. Information on the biology of metastasis development in salivary gland tumors is scarce. Since angiogenesis seems associated with this phenomenon in other tumors, we sought to compare salivary gland tumors wit...

    Authors: Sergio V Cardoso, Kelen Christine N Souza, Paulo R Faria, Ana Lucia A Eisenberg, Fernando L Dias and Adriano M Loyola
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:391
  40. Recent evidence suggests that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) expression is induced in many types of human cancer, while detection of its complex with matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is co...

    Authors: Xeni Provatopoulou, Antonia Gounaris, Eleni Kalogera, Flora Zagouri, Ioannis Flessas, Evgenios Goussetis, Afroditi Nonni, Ioannis Papassotiriou and George Zografos
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:390
  41. Surgical resection is one important curative treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the prognosis following surgery differs substantially and such large variation is mainly unexplained. A review of ...

    Authors: Ke Hao, John M Luk, Nikki PY Lee, Mao Mao, Chunsheng Zhang, Mark D Ferguson, John Lamb, Hongyue Dai, Irene O Ng, Pak C Sham and Ronnie TP Poon
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:389
  42. Well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas are highly vascularized and may be sensitive to drugs administered on a metronomic schedule that has shown antiangiogenic properties. A phase II study was designed...

    Authors: Maria P Brizzi, Alfredo Berruti, Anna Ferrero, Enrica Milanesi, Marco Volante, Federico Castiglione, Nadia Birocco, Sebastiano Bombaci, Davide Perroni, Benedetta Ferretti, Oscar Alabiso, Libero Ciuffreda, Oscar Bertetto, Mauro Papotti and Luigi Dogliotti
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:388
  43. Thyroid carcinomas show a high prevalence of mutations in the oncogene BRAF which are inversely associated with RAS or RET/PTC oncogenic activation. The possibility of using inhibitors on the BRAF pathway as b...

    Authors: Ana Preto, Joana Gonçalves, Ana P Rebocho, Joana Figueiredo, Ana M Meireles, Ana S Rocha, Helena M Vasconcelos, Hugo Seca, Raquel Seruca, Paula Soares and Manuel Sobrinho-Simões
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:387
  44. Her2/neu is overexpressed in various human cancers of epithelial origin and is associated with increased metastatic potential and poor prognosis. Several attempts have been made using the extracellular domain ...

    Authors: Alexios Dimitriadis, Chrysanthi Gontinou, Constantin N Baxevanis and Avgi Mamalaki
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:386
  45. Egr-1 (early growth response-1 transcription factor) has been proposed to be involved in invasion and metastasis processes of human bladder cancer, but Egr-1 protein expression levels in human bladder cancer h...

    Authors: Frederikke Lihme Egerod, Annette Bartels, Niels Fristrup, Michael Borre, Torben F Ørntoft, Martin B Oleksiewicz, Nils Brünner and Lars Dyrskjøt
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:385
  46. Decay-accelerating factor (DAF) and membrane cofactor protein (MCP) are the key molecules involved in cell protection against autologus complement, which restricts the action of complement at critical stages o...

    Authors: Ling-Juan Gao, Shu-Yu Guo, You-Qun Cai, Ping-Qing Gu, Ya-Juan Su, Hui Gong, Yun Liu and Chen Chen
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2009 9:384

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