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  1. Hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1α (HIF-1α), which plays an important role in controlling the hypoxia-induced glycolysis pathway, is a "master" gene in the tissue hypoxia response during tumor developme...

    Authors: FengMing Luo, XiaoJing Liu, NaiHong Yan, ShuangQing Li, GuiQun Cao, QingYing Cheng, QingJie Xia and HongJing Wang
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:26
  2. Although transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) typically inhibits proliferation of epithelial cells, consistent with a tumor suppressor activity, it paradoxically also exhibits pro-metastatic activity in the la...

    Authors: Christina H Stuelten, Miriam B Buck, Juergen Dippon, Anita B Roberts, Peter Fritz and Cornelius Knabbe
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:25
  3. Cervical cancer is due to infection with specific high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Although the incidence of genital HPV infection in various population groups is high, most of these regress with...

    Authors: Vandana A Govan, Debbie Constant, Margaret Hoffman and Anna-Lise Williamson
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:24
  4. Human sperm protein 17 (Sp17) is a highly conserved protein that was originally isolated from a rabbit epididymal sperm membrane and testis membrane pellet. It has recently been included in the cancer/testis (...

    Authors: Fabio Grizzi, Paolo Gaetani, Barbara Franceschini, Antonio Di Ieva, Piergiuseppe Colombo, Giorgia Ceva-Grimaldi, Angelo Bollati, Eldo E Frezza, E Cobos, Riccardo Rodriguez y Baena, Nicola Dioguardi and Maurizio Chiriva-Internati
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:23
  5. Kinesin spindle proteins (KSP) are motor proteins that play an essential role in mitotic spindle formation. HsEg5, a KSP, is responsible for the formation of the bipolar spindle, which is critical for proper cell...

    Authors: David A Davis, Sarah H Sarkar, Maha Hussain, Yiwei Li and Fazlul H Sarkar
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:22
  6. Mutations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been reported in a wide variety of human neoplasms. A polynucleotide tract extending from 303 to 315 nucleotide positions (D310) within the non-coding region of ...

    Authors: Cenk Aral, Handan Kaya, Çiğdem Ataizi-Çelikel, Mustafa Akkiprik, Özgür Sönmez, Bahadır M Güllüoğlu and Ayşe Özer
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:21
  7. Haematological cancer is characterised by chromosomal translocation (e.g. MLL translocation in acute leukaemia) and two models have been proposed to explain the origins of recurrent reciprocal translocation. T...

    Authors: Michaël Gué, Jian-Sheng Sun and Thomas Boudier
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:20
  8. BACH1 (BRCA1-associated C-terminal helicase 1; also known as BRCA1-interacting protein 1, BRIP1) is a helicase protein that interacts in vivo with BRCA1, the protein product of one of the major genes for heredita...

    Authors: Pia Vahteristo, Kristiina Yliannala, Anitta Tamminen, Hannaleena Eerola, Carl Blomqvist and Heli Nevanlinna
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:19
  9. Members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family of proteases are required for the degradation of the basement membrane and extracellular matrix in both normal and pathological conditions. In vitro, MT1-MMP (...

    Authors: Larisa M Haupt, Erik W Thompson, Ann EO Trezise, Rachel E Irving, Michael G Irving and Lyn R Griffiths
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:18
  10. The reduced mortality rate from breast carcinoma among women offered screening mammography is demonstrated after 15–20 years of follow-up. However, the assessment of 5-year overall and event-free survival coul...

    Authors: Laura Cortesi, Vincenzo E Chiuri, Silvia Ruscelli, Valeria Bellelli, Rossella Negri, Ivan Rashid, Claudia Cirilli, Antonella Fracca, Ennio Gallo and Massimo Federico
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:17
  11. Angiomotin is a newly discovered molecule that regulates the migration and tubule formation of endothelial cells. It therefore has been implicated in the control of angiogenesis under physiological and patholo...

    Authors: Wen G Jiang, Gareth Watkins, Anthony Douglas-Jones, Lars Holmgren and Robert E Mansel
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:16
  12. After development of hormone-refractory metastatic disease, prostate cancer is incurable. The recent history of chemotherapy has shown that with difficult disease targets, combinatorial therapy frequently offe...

    Authors: Kristen D Brubaker, Lisha G Brown, Robert L Vessella and Eva Corey
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:15
  13. The anticancer drug Ukrain (NSC-631570) which has been specified by the manufacturer as semisynthetic derivative of the Chelidonium majus L. alkaloid chelidonine and the alkylans thiotepa was reported to exert se...

    Authors: Daniel Habermehl, Bernd Kammerer, René Handrick, Therese Eldh, Charlotte Gruber, Nils Cordes, Peter T Daniel, Ludwig Plasswilm, Michael Bamberg, Claus Belka and Verena Jendrossek
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:14
  14. Mediterranean societies, with diets rich in vitamin E isoforms, have a lower risk for colon cancer than those of northern Europe and the Americas. Vitamin E rich diets may neutralize free radicals generated by...

    Authors: Sharon E Campbell, William L Stone, Steven Lee, Sarah Whaley, Hongsong Yang, Min Qui, Paige Goforth, Devin Sherman, Derek McHaffie and Koyamangalath Krishnan
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:13
  15. The extracellular matrix has a major effect upon the malignant properties of bladder cancer cells both in vitro in 3-dimensional culture and in vivo. Comparing gene expression of several bladder cancer cells line...

    Authors: Mikhail G Dozmorov, Kimberly D Kyker, Ricardo Saban, Nicholas Knowlton, Igor Dozmorov, Michael B Centola and Robert E Hurst
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:12
  16. Intermediary filaments are involved in cell motility and cancer progression. In a variety of organs, the expression of distinct intermediary filaments are associated with patient prognosis. In this study, we s...

    Authors: Thomas Fillies, Richard Werkmeister, Jens Packeisen, Burkhard Brandt, Philippe Morin, Dieter Weingart, Ulrich Joos and Horst Buerger
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:10
  17. The inhibition of angiogenesis is a promising strategy for the treatment of malignant primary and secondary tumors in addition to established therapies such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. There is st...

    Authors: Frank Michael Klenke, Martha-Maria Gebhard, Volker Ewerbeck, Amir Abdollahi, Peter E Huber and Axel Sckell
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:9
  18. Previously we have generated the monoclonal antibody SM5-1 by using a subtractive immunization protocol of human melanoma. This antibody exhibits a high sensitivity for primary melanomas of 99% (248/250 tested...

    Authors: Uwe Trefzer, Yingwen Chen, Gunda Herberth, Maja Ann Hofmann, Felix Kiecker, Yajun Guo and Wolfram Sterry
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:8
  19. Since tacrolimus ointment was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a promising treatment for atopic dermatitis, it has been approved in more than 30 additional countries, including numero...

    Authors: Jürgen C Becker, Roland Houben, Claudia S Vetter and Eva B Bröcker
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:7
  20. We have previously reported that p53 mutated radioresistant lymphoma cell lines undergo mitotic catastrophe after irradiation, resulting in metaphase arrest and the generation of endopolyploid cells. A proport...

    Authors: Martins Kalejs, Andrey Ivanov, Gregory Plakhins, Mark S Cragg, Dzintars Emzinsh, Timothy M Illidge and Jekaterina Erenpreisa
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:6
  21. Carboplatin/paclitaxel is the chemotherapy of choice for advanced ovarian cancer, both in first line and in platinum-sensitive recurrence. Although a significant proportion of patients have some neurotoxicity ...

    Authors: Sandro Pignata, Sabino De Placido, Rosalbino Biamonte, Giovanni Scambia, Giovanni Di Vagno, Giuseppe Colucci, Antonio Febbraro, Marco Marinaccio, Alessandra Vernaglia Lombardi, Luigi Manzione, Giacomo Cartenì, Mario Nardi, Saverio Danese, Maria Rosaria Valerio, Andrea de Matteis, Bruno Massidda…
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:5
  22. Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare childhood dysontogenetic intrathoracic neoplasm associated with an unfavourable clinical behaviour.

    Authors: Benoit Quilichini, Nicolas Andre, Corinne Bouvier, Marie-Anne Chrestian, Angelique Rome, Dominique Intagliata, Carole Coze, Gabriel Lena and Helene Zattara
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:4
  23. Although numerous chemotherapeutic agents have been tested, the role of systemic chemotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been clarified. New therapeutic strategies are thus needed to improve ou...

    Authors: Se Hoon Park, Yuna Lee, Sang Hoon Han, So Young Kwon, Oh Sang Kwon, Sun Suk Kim, Ju Hyun Kim, Yeon Ho Park, Jeong Nam Lee, Soo-Mee Bang, Eun Kyung Cho, Dong Bok Shin and Jae Hoon Lee
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:3
  24. Glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant form of brain tumor. Despite treatment including surgical resection, adjuvant chemotherapy, and radiation, these tumors typically recur. The recurrent tumor is oft...

    Authors: Nicole C Hank, Joan Rankin Shapiro and Adrienne C Scheck
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:2
  25. Cisplatin is widely used as an antineoplastic agent since it is effective against a broad spectrum of different tumours. Nevertheless, it has several potential side effects affecting different organ systems an...

    Authors: Guenter Hofmann, Thomas Bauernhofer, Peter Krippl, Doris Lang-Loidolt, Sabine Horn, Walter Goessler, Walter Schippinger, Ferdinand Ploner, Herbert Stoeger and Hellmut Samonigg
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:1
  26. Minichromosome maintenance (MCM) proteins are essential for the initiation of DNA replication and have been found to be relevant markers for prognosis in a variety of tumours. The aim of this study was to asse...

    Authors: Ellen C Obermann, Philip Went, Annette Zimpfer, Alexandar Tzankov, Peter J Wild, Robert Stoehr, Stefano A Pileri and Stephan Dirnhofer
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:162
  27. The early to intermediate stages of the majority of colorectal tumours are thought to be driven by aberrations in the Wnt (APC, CTNNB1) and Ras (K-ras) pathways. A smaller proportion of cancers shows mismatch rep...

    Authors: Margreet Lüchtenborg, Matty P Weijenberg, Petra A Wark, A Merdan Saritas, Guido MJM Roemen, Goos NP van Muijen, Adriaan P de Bruïne, Piet A van den Brandt and Anton FPM de Goeij
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:160
  28. Eighty percent of all breast cancers and almost 90% of breast cancer deaths occur among post-menopausal women. We used a nested case control design to examine the association between nonsteroidal anti-inflamma...

    Authors: Elham Rahme, Joumana Ghosn, Kaberi Dasgupta, Raghu Rajan and Marie Hudson
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:159
  29. Lung cancer is relatively resistant to radiation treatment and radiation pneumonitis is a major obstacle to increasing the radiation dose. We previously showed that Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) induces ...

    Authors: Miao-Fen Chen, Peter C Keng, Paul-Yang Lin, Cheng-Ta Yang, Shuen-Kuei Liao and Wen-Cheng Chen
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:158
  30. Several malignancies have been described in association with inflammatory bowel diseases, the most common being adenocarcinoma. Carcinoid tumor and Crohn disease has also been previously reported, however the ...

    Authors: Ugo Cioffi, Matilde De Simone, Stefano Ferrero, Michele M Ciulla, Alessandro Lemos and Ettore Contessini Avesani
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:157
  31. The development of non-small cell lung carcinoma proceeds through a series of well-defined pathological steps before the appearance of invasive lung carcinoma. The molecular changes that correspond with pathol...

    Authors: Jay W Tichelaar, Yu Zhang, Jean C leRiche, Paul W Biddinger, Stephen Lam and Marshall W Anderson
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:155
  32. Neogenin is expressed in cap cells that have been suggested to be mammary stem or precursor cells. Neogenin is known to play an important role in mammary morphogenesis; however its relationship to tumorigenesi...

    Authors: Jeong Eon Lee, Hee Joung Kim, Ji Yeon Bae, Seok Won Kim, Joon-Suk Park, Hyuk Jai Shin, Wonshik Han, Sung-Won Kim, Kyung-Sun Kang and Dong-Young Noh
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:154
  33. Hypoxia compromises local control in patients with head-and-neck cancer (HNC). In order to determine the value of [18F]-fluoromisonidazole (Fmiso) with regard to tumor hypoxia, a patient study with dynamic Fmiso ...

    Authors: Daniela Thorwarth, Susanne-Martina Eschmann, Jutta Scheiderbauer, Frank Paulsen and Markus Alber
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:152
  34. This phase II study evaluated the efficacy and safety of gemcitabine (G) plus paclitaxel (T) as first-line therapy in recurrent or metastatic breast cancer.

    Authors: Djelila Allouache, Sulochana R Gawande, Michele Tubiana-Hulin, Nicole Tubiana-Mathieu, Sophie Piperno-Neumann, Fawzia Mefti, Laurence Bozec and Jean-Yves Genot
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:151
  35. Squamous cell carcinomos may arise from chronic ulcerating wounds in scars, most commonly postburn scars. Tumour growth usually takes place over months to years. Localization on the scalp is a relatively rare ...

    Authors: Raymund E Horch, G Bjoern Stark and Justus P Beier
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:150
  36. The family of proprotein convertases has been recently implicated in tumorigenesis and metastasis in animal models. However, these studies have not yet been completely corroborated in human tumors.

    Authors: George N Tzimas, Eric Chevet, Sarah Jenna, Duc Thang Nguyên, Abdel M Khatib, Victoria Marcus, Yi Zhang, Michel Chrétien, Nabil Seidah and Peter Metrakos
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:149
  37. Steroid action is mediated, in addition to classical intracellular receptors, by recently identified membrane sites, that generate rapid non-genomic effects. We have recently identified a membrane androgen rec...

    Authors: Constantina Dambaki, Christina Kogia, Marilena Kampa, Katherine Darivianaki, Michael Nomikos, Ploutarchos Anezinis, Panayiotis A Theodoropoulos, Elias Castanas and Efstathios N Stathopoulos
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:148
  38. Median survival of metastatic malignant melanoma is 6.0 to 7.5 months, with a 5-year survival of ~6.0%. Although long-term complete remissions are rare, few reports describe cases after chemotherapy. Fifty-thr...

    Authors: Xavier Durando, Emilie Thivat, Michel D'Incan, Anne Sinsard, Jean-Claude Madelmont and Philippe Chollet
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:147
  39. Inflammation is commonly associated with lung tumors. Since inflammatory mediators, including members of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) cytokine family, suppress proliferation of normal epithelial cells, we hypothes...

    Authors: Gregory M Loewen, Erin Tracy, Frédéric Blanchard, Dongfeng Tan, Jihnhee Yu, Sameera Raza, Sei-Ichi Matsui and Heinz Baumann
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:145
  40. Although bone marrow metastases can be found commonly in some malignant tumors, diagnosing a nonhematologic malignancy from marrow is not a usual event.

    Authors: Fahir Ozkalemkas, Rıdvan Ali, Vildan Ozkocaman, Tulay Ozcelik, Ulku Ozan, Hulya Ozturk, Ender Kurt, Turkkan Evrensel, Omer Yerci and Ahmet Tunali
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:144
  41. Older paternal age may increase the germ cell mutation rate in the offspring. Maternal age may also mediate in utero exposure to pregnancy hormones in the offspring. To evaluate the association between paternal a...

    Authors: Ji-Yeob Choi, Kyoung-Mu Lee, Sue Kyung Park, Dong-Young Noh, Sei-Hyun Ahn, Keun-Young Yoo and Daehee Kang
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:143
  42. Fibrolamellar Carcinoma (FLC), a subtype of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is a rare primary hepatic malignancy. Several aspects of the clinic features and epidemiology of FLC remain unclear because most of t...

    Authors: Laura E Moreno-Luna, Oscar Arrieta, Jorge García-Leiva, Braulio Martínez, Aldo Torre, Misael Uribe and Eucario León-Rodríguez
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:142

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