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  1. After development of hormone-refractory metastatic disease, prostate cancer is incurable. The recent history of chemotherapy has shown that with difficult disease targets, combinatorial therapy frequently offe...

    Authors: Kristen D Brubaker, Lisha G Brown, Robert L Vessella and Eva Corey
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:15
  2. The anticancer drug Ukrain (NSC-631570) which has been specified by the manufacturer as semisynthetic derivative of the Chelidonium majus L. alkaloid chelidonine and the alkylans thiotepa was reported to exert se...

    Authors: Daniel Habermehl, Bernd Kammerer, René Handrick, Therese Eldh, Charlotte Gruber, Nils Cordes, Peter T Daniel, Ludwig Plasswilm, Michael Bamberg, Claus Belka and Verena Jendrossek
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:14
  3. Mediterranean societies, with diets rich in vitamin E isoforms, have a lower risk for colon cancer than those of northern Europe and the Americas. Vitamin E rich diets may neutralize free radicals generated by...

    Authors: Sharon E Campbell, William L Stone, Steven Lee, Sarah Whaley, Hongsong Yang, Min Qui, Paige Goforth, Devin Sherman, Derek McHaffie and Koyamangalath Krishnan
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:13
  4. The extracellular matrix has a major effect upon the malignant properties of bladder cancer cells both in vitro in 3-dimensional culture and in vivo. Comparing gene expression of several bladder cancer cells line...

    Authors: Mikhail G Dozmorov, Kimberly D Kyker, Ricardo Saban, Nicholas Knowlton, Igor Dozmorov, Michael B Centola and Robert E Hurst
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:12
  5. Intermediary filaments are involved in cell motility and cancer progression. In a variety of organs, the expression of distinct intermediary filaments are associated with patient prognosis. In this study, we s...

    Authors: Thomas Fillies, Richard Werkmeister, Jens Packeisen, Burkhard Brandt, Philippe Morin, Dieter Weingart, Ulrich Joos and Horst Buerger
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:10
  6. The inhibition of angiogenesis is a promising strategy for the treatment of malignant primary and secondary tumors in addition to established therapies such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. There is st...

    Authors: Frank Michael Klenke, Martha-Maria Gebhard, Volker Ewerbeck, Amir Abdollahi, Peter E Huber and Axel Sckell
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:9
  7. Previously we have generated the monoclonal antibody SM5-1 by using a subtractive immunization protocol of human melanoma. This antibody exhibits a high sensitivity for primary melanomas of 99% (248/250 tested...

    Authors: Uwe Trefzer, Yingwen Chen, Gunda Herberth, Maja Ann Hofmann, Felix Kiecker, Yajun Guo and Wolfram Sterry
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:8
  8. Since tacrolimus ointment was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a promising treatment for atopic dermatitis, it has been approved in more than 30 additional countries, including numero...

    Authors: Jürgen C Becker, Roland Houben, Claudia S Vetter and Eva B Bröcker
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:7
  9. We have previously reported that p53 mutated radioresistant lymphoma cell lines undergo mitotic catastrophe after irradiation, resulting in metaphase arrest and the generation of endopolyploid cells. A proport...

    Authors: Martins Kalejs, Andrey Ivanov, Gregory Plakhins, Mark S Cragg, Dzintars Emzinsh, Timothy M Illidge and Jekaterina Erenpreisa
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:6
  10. Carboplatin/paclitaxel is the chemotherapy of choice for advanced ovarian cancer, both in first line and in platinum-sensitive recurrence. Although a significant proportion of patients have some neurotoxicity ...

    Authors: Sandro Pignata, Sabino De Placido, Rosalbino Biamonte, Giovanni Scambia, Giovanni Di Vagno, Giuseppe Colucci, Antonio Febbraro, Marco Marinaccio, Alessandra Vernaglia Lombardi, Luigi Manzione, Giacomo Cartenì, Mario Nardi, Saverio Danese, Maria Rosaria Valerio, Andrea de Matteis, Bruno Massidda…
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:5
  11. Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare childhood dysontogenetic intrathoracic neoplasm associated with an unfavourable clinical behaviour.

    Authors: Benoit Quilichini, Nicolas Andre, Corinne Bouvier, Marie-Anne Chrestian, Angelique Rome, Dominique Intagliata, Carole Coze, Gabriel Lena and Helene Zattara
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:4
  12. Although numerous chemotherapeutic agents have been tested, the role of systemic chemotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been clarified. New therapeutic strategies are thus needed to improve ou...

    Authors: Se Hoon Park, Yuna Lee, Sang Hoon Han, So Young Kwon, Oh Sang Kwon, Sun Suk Kim, Ju Hyun Kim, Yeon Ho Park, Jeong Nam Lee, Soo-Mee Bang, Eun Kyung Cho, Dong Bok Shin and Jae Hoon Lee
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:3
  13. Glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant form of brain tumor. Despite treatment including surgical resection, adjuvant chemotherapy, and radiation, these tumors typically recur. The recurrent tumor is oft...

    Authors: Nicole C Hank, Joan Rankin Shapiro and Adrienne C Scheck
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:2
  14. Cisplatin is widely used as an antineoplastic agent since it is effective against a broad spectrum of different tumours. Nevertheless, it has several potential side effects affecting different organ systems an...

    Authors: Guenter Hofmann, Thomas Bauernhofer, Peter Krippl, Doris Lang-Loidolt, Sabine Horn, Walter Goessler, Walter Schippinger, Ferdinand Ploner, Herbert Stoeger and Hellmut Samonigg
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2006 6:1
  15. Minichromosome maintenance (MCM) proteins are essential for the initiation of DNA replication and have been found to be relevant markers for prognosis in a variety of tumours. The aim of this study was to asse...

    Authors: Ellen C Obermann, Philip Went, Annette Zimpfer, Alexandar Tzankov, Peter J Wild, Robert Stoehr, Stefano A Pileri and Stephan Dirnhofer
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:162
  16. The early to intermediate stages of the majority of colorectal tumours are thought to be driven by aberrations in the Wnt (APC, CTNNB1) and Ras (K-ras) pathways. A smaller proportion of cancers shows mismatch rep...

    Authors: Margreet Lüchtenborg, Matty P Weijenberg, Petra A Wark, A Merdan Saritas, Guido MJM Roemen, Goos NP van Muijen, Adriaan P de Bruïne, Piet A van den Brandt and Anton FPM de Goeij
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:160
  17. Eighty percent of all breast cancers and almost 90% of breast cancer deaths occur among post-menopausal women. We used a nested case control design to examine the association between nonsteroidal anti-inflamma...

    Authors: Elham Rahme, Joumana Ghosn, Kaberi Dasgupta, Raghu Rajan and Marie Hudson
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:159
  18. Lung cancer is relatively resistant to radiation treatment and radiation pneumonitis is a major obstacle to increasing the radiation dose. We previously showed that Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) induces ...

    Authors: Miao-Fen Chen, Peter C Keng, Paul-Yang Lin, Cheng-Ta Yang, Shuen-Kuei Liao and Wen-Cheng Chen
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:158
  19. Several malignancies have been described in association with inflammatory bowel diseases, the most common being adenocarcinoma. Carcinoid tumor and Crohn disease has also been previously reported, however the ...

    Authors: Ugo Cioffi, Matilde De Simone, Stefano Ferrero, Michele M Ciulla, Alessandro Lemos and Ettore Contessini Avesani
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:157
  20. The development of non-small cell lung carcinoma proceeds through a series of well-defined pathological steps before the appearance of invasive lung carcinoma. The molecular changes that correspond with pathol...

    Authors: Jay W Tichelaar, Yu Zhang, Jean C leRiche, Paul W Biddinger, Stephen Lam and Marshall W Anderson
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:155
  21. Neogenin is expressed in cap cells that have been suggested to be mammary stem or precursor cells. Neogenin is known to play an important role in mammary morphogenesis; however its relationship to tumorigenesi...

    Authors: Jeong Eon Lee, Hee Joung Kim, Ji Yeon Bae, Seok Won Kim, Joon-Suk Park, Hyuk Jai Shin, Wonshik Han, Sung-Won Kim, Kyung-Sun Kang and Dong-Young Noh
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:154
  22. Hypoxia compromises local control in patients with head-and-neck cancer (HNC). In order to determine the value of [18F]-fluoromisonidazole (Fmiso) with regard to tumor hypoxia, a patient study with dynamic Fmiso ...

    Authors: Daniela Thorwarth, Susanne-Martina Eschmann, Jutta Scheiderbauer, Frank Paulsen and Markus Alber
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:152
  23. This phase II study evaluated the efficacy and safety of gemcitabine (G) plus paclitaxel (T) as first-line therapy in recurrent or metastatic breast cancer.

    Authors: Djelila Allouache, Sulochana R Gawande, Michele Tubiana-Hulin, Nicole Tubiana-Mathieu, Sophie Piperno-Neumann, Fawzia Mefti, Laurence Bozec and Jean-Yves Genot
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:151
  24. Squamous cell carcinomos may arise from chronic ulcerating wounds in scars, most commonly postburn scars. Tumour growth usually takes place over months to years. Localization on the scalp is a relatively rare ...

    Authors: Raymund E Horch, G Bjoern Stark and Justus P Beier
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:150
  25. The family of proprotein convertases has been recently implicated in tumorigenesis and metastasis in animal models. However, these studies have not yet been completely corroborated in human tumors.

    Authors: George N Tzimas, Eric Chevet, Sarah Jenna, Duc Thang Nguyên, Abdel M Khatib, Victoria Marcus, Yi Zhang, Michel Chrétien, Nabil Seidah and Peter Metrakos
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:149
  26. Steroid action is mediated, in addition to classical intracellular receptors, by recently identified membrane sites, that generate rapid non-genomic effects. We have recently identified a membrane androgen rec...

    Authors: Constantina Dambaki, Christina Kogia, Marilena Kampa, Katherine Darivianaki, Michael Nomikos, Ploutarchos Anezinis, Panayiotis A Theodoropoulos, Elias Castanas and Efstathios N Stathopoulos
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:148
  27. Median survival of metastatic malignant melanoma is 6.0 to 7.5 months, with a 5-year survival of ~6.0%. Although long-term complete remissions are rare, few reports describe cases after chemotherapy. Fifty-thr...

    Authors: Xavier Durando, Emilie Thivat, Michel D'Incan, Anne Sinsard, Jean-Claude Madelmont and Philippe Chollet
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:147
  28. Inflammation is commonly associated with lung tumors. Since inflammatory mediators, including members of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) cytokine family, suppress proliferation of normal epithelial cells, we hypothes...

    Authors: Gregory M Loewen, Erin Tracy, Frédéric Blanchard, Dongfeng Tan, Jihnhee Yu, Sameera Raza, Sei-Ichi Matsui and Heinz Baumann
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:145
  29. Although bone marrow metastases can be found commonly in some malignant tumors, diagnosing a nonhematologic malignancy from marrow is not a usual event.

    Authors: Fahir Ozkalemkas, Rıdvan Ali, Vildan Ozkocaman, Tulay Ozcelik, Ulku Ozan, Hulya Ozturk, Ender Kurt, Turkkan Evrensel, Omer Yerci and Ahmet Tunali
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:144
  30. Older paternal age may increase the germ cell mutation rate in the offspring. Maternal age may also mediate in utero exposure to pregnancy hormones in the offspring. To evaluate the association between paternal a...

    Authors: Ji-Yeob Choi, Kyoung-Mu Lee, Sue Kyung Park, Dong-Young Noh, Sei-Hyun Ahn, Keun-Young Yoo and Daehee Kang
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:143
  31. Fibrolamellar Carcinoma (FLC), a subtype of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is a rare primary hepatic malignancy. Several aspects of the clinic features and epidemiology of FLC remain unclear because most of t...

    Authors: Laura E Moreno-Luna, Oscar Arrieta, Jorge García-Leiva, Braulio Martínez, Aldo Torre, Misael Uribe and Eucario León-Rodríguez
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:142
  32. Cigarette smoking is the primary cause of bronchogenic carcinoma (BC), yet only 10–15% of heavy smokers develop BC and it is likely that this variation in risk is, in part, genetically determined. We previousl...

    Authors: D'Anna N Mullins, Erin L Crawford, Sadik A Khuder, Dawn-Alita Hernandez, Youngsook Yoon and James C Willey
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:141
  33. The retinoic acid receptor beta 2 (RARβ2) gene modulates proliferation and survival of cultured human breast cancer cells. Previously we showed that ectopic expression of RARβ2 in a mouse xenograft model preve...

    Authors: Brett Wallden, Mary Emond, Mari E Swift, Mary L Disis and Karen Swisshelm
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:140
  34. The involvement of Heat Shock Proteins (HSP) in cancer development and progression is a widely debated topic. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the presence and expression of HSP60 and HSP10 i...

    Authors: Francesco Cappello, Sabrina David, Francesca Rappa, Fabio Bucchieri, Lorenzo Marasà, Tommaso E Bartolotta, Felicia Farina and Giovanni Zummo
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:139
  35. The burden of cancer metastases within an individual is commonly used to clinically characterize a tumor's biological behavior. Assessments like these implicitly assume that spurious effects can be discounted....

    Authors: Wayne S Kendal
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:138
  36. Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) had been perceived to have a poor prognosis. Oncologists were not enthusiastic in the past to give aggressive treatment. Single institution studies tend to have small patient n...

    Authors: Patricia Tai, Edward Yu, Ross Shiels, Juan Pacella, Kurian Jones, Evgeny Sadikov and Shazia Mahmood
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:137
  37. UV-induced damage can induce apoptosis or trigger DNA repair mechanisms. Minor DNA damage is thought to halt the cell cycle to allow effective repair, while more severe damage can induce an apoptotic program. ...

    Authors: Hsin-Lung Lo, Satoshi Nakajima, Lisa Ma, Barbara Walter, Akira Yasui, Douglas W Ethell and Laurie B Owen
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:135
  38. Ovarian carcinomas from 30 BRCA1 germ-line carriers of two distinct high penetrant founder mutations, 20 carrying the 1675delA and 10 the 1135insA, and 100 sporadic cases were characterized for somatic mutations ...

    Authors: Pedro Kringen, Yun Wang, Vanessa Dumeaux, Jahn M Nesland, Gunnar Kristensen, Anne-Lise Borresen-Dale and Anne Dorum
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:134
  39. Transthyretin (TTR), a traditional biomarker for nutritional and inflammatory status exists in different molecular variants of yet unknown importance. A truncated form of TTR has recently been described to be ...

    Authors: Beate Gericke, Jens Raila, Jalid Sehouli, Sophie Haebel, Dominique Könsgen, Alexander Mustea and Florian J Schweigert
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:133
  40. To prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of selective internal radiation (SIR) spheres in patients with inoperable liver metastases from colorectal cancer who have failed 5FU based chemotherapy.

    Authors: L Lim, P Gibbs, D Yip, JD Shapiro, R Dowling, D Smith, A Little, W Bailey and M Liechtenstein
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:132
  41. Pancreatic cancer is the fourth commonest cause of death from cancer in men and women. Advantages in surgical techniques, radiation therapy techniques, chemotherapeutic regimes, and different combined-modality...

    Authors: R Krempien, MW Muenter, PE Huber, S Nill, H Friess, C Timke, B Didinger, P Buechler, S Heeger, KK Herfarth, A Abdollahi, MW Buchler and J Debus
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2005 5:131

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