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  1. Laparoscopy-assisted surgery, fast-track perioperative treatment are both increasingly used in colorectal cancer treatment, for their short-time benefits of enhanced recovery and short hospital stays. However,...

    Authors: Jiao-Jiao Zhou, Jun Li, Xiao-Jiang Ying, Yong-Mao Song, Rong Chen, Gang Chen, Min Yan and Ke-Feng Ding
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:494
  2. Cancer cachexia is a syndrome of progressive weight loss. Non-small cell lung cancer patients experience a high incidence of cachexia of 61%. Research into methods to combat cancer cachexia in various tumour s...

    Authors: Elaine S Rogers, Roderick D MacLeod, Joanna Stewart, Stephen P Bird and Justin WL Keogh
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:493
  3. Little is known about the clinical features and prognostic factors of bone metastases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following liver transplantation (LT).

    Authors: Jian He, Zhao-Chong Zeng, Jia Fan, Jian Zhou, Jing Sun, Bing Chen, Ping Yang, Bin-Liang Wang, Bo-Heng Zhang and Jian-Ying Zhang
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:492
  4. Statins have long been used as anti-hypercholesterolemia drugs, but numerous lines of evidence suggest that they may also bear anti-tumour potential. We have recently demonstrated that it was possible to isola...

    Authors: Julie Follet, Lionel Rémy, Vincent Hesry, Brigitte Simon, Danièle Gillet, Pierrick Auvray, Laurent Corcos and Catherine Le Jossic-Corcos
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:491
  5. Cowden Syndrome (CS) patients with germ line point mutations in the PTEN gene are at high risk for developing breast cancer. It is believed that cells harboring these mutant PTEN alleles are predisposed to malign...

    Authors: Gobind Singh, Leticia Odriozola, Hong Guan, Colin R Kennedy and Andrew M Chan
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:490
  6. There is increasing evidence that the presence of an ongoing systemic inflammatory response is associated with poor prognosis in patients with advanced cancers. We evaluated the relationships between clinical ...

    Authors: Jun-Eul Hwang, Ha-Na Kim, Dae-Eun Kim, Hyun-Jung Choi, Sung-Hoon Jung, Hyun-Jeong Shim, Woo-Kyun Bae, Eu-Chang Hwang, Sang-Hee Cho and Ik-Joo Chung
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:489
  7. Paraneoplastic syndromes (PNSs) are common complications of lung cancer and often develop preceding the diagnosis of primary malignancy. Rheumatologic PNSs mimicking Adult-Onset Still' s Disease (AOSD) is a ra...

    Authors: Ning Wu, Qiang Li, Chang-Xin Gu, Toqeer Ahmed and Xiao-Peng Yao
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:487
  8. The pathological complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a surrogate marker for a favorable prognosis in breast cancer patients. Factors capable of predicting a pCR, such as the proliferation...

    Authors: Peter A Fasching, Katharina Heusinger, Lothar Haeberle, Melitta Niklos, Alexander Hein, Christian M Bayer, Claudia Rauh, Ruediger Schulz-Wendtland, Mayada R Bani, Michael Schrauder, Laura Kahmann, Michael P Lux, Johanna D Strehl, Arndt Hartmann, Arno Dimmler, Matthias W Beckmann…
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:486
  9. Targeting the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is a promising approach for anticancer strategies. Recently, we found Bik accumulation in cancer cell lines after they were treated with bortezomib. However, recent e...

    Authors: Wei Zhou, Jingzi Hu, Haimei Tang, Da Wang, Xuefeng Huang, Chao He and Hongbo Zhu
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:485
  10. FGF receptor substrates (FRS2 and FRS3) are key adaptor proteins that mediate FGF-FGFR signalling in benign as well as malignant tissue. Here we investigated FRS2 and FRS3 as a means of disrupting global FGF s...

    Authors: Tania Valencia, Ajay Joseph, Naveen Kachroo, Steve Darby, Susan Meakin and Vincent J Gnanapragasam
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:484
  11. Worldwide, cervical cancer is the second most common causes of cancer in women and represents an important mortality rate. Cisplatin (CIS) is a very important antitumoral agent and can lead tumor cells toward ...

    Authors: Georgina Hernandez-Flores, Pablo C Ortiz-Lazareno, Jose Manuel Lerma-Diaz, Jorge R Dominguez-Rodriguez, Luis F Jave-Suarez, Adriana del C Aguilar-Lemarroy, Ruth de Celis-Carrillo, Susana del Toro-Arreola, Yessica C Castellanos-Esparza and Alejandro Bravo-Cuellar
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:483
  12. Osseous metastatic involvement of the spinal column affects many patients with a primary tumour disease of all entities. The consequences are pain both at rest and under exertion, impairments in going about da...

    Authors: Harald Rief, Alexandra D Jensen, Thomas Bruckner, Klaus Herfarth and Jürgen Debus
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:482
  13. The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) varies following surgical resection and the large variation remains largely unexplained. Studies have revealed the ability of clinicopathologic parameters and ge...

    Authors: Ke Hao, John Lamb, Chunsheng Zhang, Tao Xie, Kai Wang, Bin Zhang, Eugene Chudin, Nikki P Lee, Mao Mao, Hua Zhong, Danielle Greenawalt, Mark D Ferguson, Irene O Ng, Pak C Sham, Ronnie T Poon, Cliona Molony…
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:481
  14. Targeted therapies are becoming an essential part of breast cancer treatment and agents targeting the type I insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-IR) are currently being investigated in clinical trials. On...

    Authors: Craig I Campbell and Roger A Moorehead
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:480
  15. Psychosocial problems in cancer patients are often unrecognized and untreated due to the low awareness of the existence of these problems or pressures of time. The awareness of the need to identify psychosocia...

    Authors: Anna PBM Braeken, Gertrudis IJM Kempen, Daniëlle Eekers, Francis CJM van Gils, Ruud MA Houben and Lilian Lechner
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:479
  16. In spite of increasing efforts to enhance patient safety, medication errors in hospitalised patients are still relatively common, but with potentially severe consequences. This study aimed to assess antineopla...

    Authors: Florence Ranchon, Gilles Salles, Hans-Martin Späth, Vérane Schwiertz, Nicolas Vantard, Stéphanie Parat, Florence Broussais, Benoît You, Sophie Tartas, Pierre Jean Souquet, Claude Dussart, Claire Falandry, Emilie Henin, Gilles Freyer and Catherine Rioufol
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:478
  17. N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (4-HPR, fenretinide) is a synthetic retinoid with potent pro-apoptotic activity against several types of cancer, but little is known regarding mechanisms leading to chemoresistance....

    Authors: Aintzane Apraiz, Jolanta K Idkowiak-Baldys, María Dolores Boyano, Gorka Pérez-Yarza, Yusuf A Hannun and Aintzane Asumendi
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:477
  18. Gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs lower estrogen levels in pre-menopausal breast cancer patients. GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) activation also directly inhibits the growth of certain cells. The applicab...

    Authors: Kevin Morgan, Colette Meyer, Nicola Miller, Andrew H Sims, Ilgin Cagnan, Dana Faratian, David J Harrison, Robert P Millar and Simon P Langdon
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:476
  19. Concomitant chemo-radiotherapy (CCRT) has become an indispensable organ, but not always function preserving treatment modality for advanced head and neck cancer. To prevent/limit the functional side effects of...

    Authors: Valesca P Retèl, Lisette van der Molen, Frans JM Hilgers, Coen RN Rasch, Annemiek AAMHJ L'Ortye, Lotte MG Steuten and Wim H van Harten
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:475
  20. The dynamic regulation of cell-cell adhesions is crucial for developmental processes, including tissue formation, differentiation and motility. Adherens junctions are important components of the junctional com...

    Authors: Teresa Rodríguez-Rigueiro, Manuel Valladares-Ayerbes, Mar Haz-Conde, Luis A Aparicio and Angélica Figueroa
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:474
  21. Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are causally associated with ano-genital and a subset of head and neck cancers. Rising incidence of HPV+ anal cancers and head and neck cancers have now been demonstrated in the de...

    Authors: Robin Crawford, Anne-Laure Grignon, Sarah Kitson, David M Winder, Siolian LR Ball, Katie Vaughan, Margaret A Stanley, Jane C Sterling and Peter KC Goon
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:473
  22. The polycomb transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) overexpression can be causally implicated in experimental tumor growth and metastasization. To date, there is no clinical evidence of YY1 involvement in outco...

    Authors: Filomena de Nigris, Licciana Zanella, Francesco Cacciatore, Anna De Chiara, Flavio Fazioli, Gennaro Chiappetta, Gaetano Apice, Teresa Infante, Mario Monaco, Raffaele Rossiello, Gaetano De Rosa, Marco Alberghini and Claudio Napoli
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:472
  23. HER2/neu is an oncogene that facilitates neoplastic transformation due to its ability to transduce growth signals in a ligand-independent manner, is over-expressed in 20-30% of human breast cancers correlating w...

    Authors: Tobias Hahn, Deborah J Bradley-Dunlop, Laurence H Hurley, Daniel Von-Hoff, Stephen Gately, Disis L Mary, Hailing Lu, Manuel L Penichet, David G Besselsen, Brook B Cole, Tanisha Meeuwsen, Edwin Walker and Emmanuel T Akporiaye
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:471
  24. Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Related Apoptosis Inducing Ligand (TRAIL) and agonistic antibodies to death receptor 4 and 5 are promising candidates for cancer therapy due to their ability to induce apoptosis selective...

    Authors: David J Taylor, Christine E Parsons, Haiyong Han, Arul Jayaraman and Kaushal Rege
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:470
  25. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is among the most aggressive human malignancies. It is associated with a high rate of local recurrence and with poor prognosis.

    Authors: Olfa Derbel, Sami Limem, Céline Ségura-Ferlay, Jean-Christophe Lifante, Christian Carrie, Jean-Louis Peix, Françoise Borson-Chazot, Claire Bournaud, Jean-Pierre Droz and Christelle de la Fouchardière
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:469
  26. The molecular chaperone, heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has been shown to be overexpressed in a number of cancers, including prostate cancer, making it an important target for drug discovery. Unfortunately, res...

    Authors: Jeffery D Eskew, Takrima Sadikot, Pedro Morales, Alicia Duren, Irene Dunwiddie, Megan Swink, Xiaoying Zhang, Stacey Hembruff, Alison Donnelly, Roger A Rajewski, Brian SJ Blagg, Jacob R Manjarrez, Robert L Matts, Jeffrey M Holzbeierlein and George A Vielhauer
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:468
  27. The national Cancer Reform Strategy recommends delivering care closer to home whenever possible. Cancer drug treatment has traditionally been administered to patients in specialist hospital-based facilities. T...

    Authors: Pippa G Corrie, Margaret Moody, Victoria Wood, Linda Bavister, Toby Prevost, Richard A Parker, Ramon Sabes-Figuera, Paul McCrone, Helen Balsdon, Karen McKinnon, Brendan O'Sullivan, Ray S Tan and Stephen IG Barclay
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:467
  28. Chemoradiotherapy is the standard of care for patients with oesophageal cancer unsuitable for surgery due to the presence of co-morbidity or extent of disease, and is a standard treatment option for patients w...

    Authors: Christopher N Hurt, Lisette S Nixon, Gareth O Griffiths, Ruby Al-Mokhtar, Simon Gollins, John N Staffurth, Ceri J Phillips, Jane M Blazeby and Tom D Crosby
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:466
  29. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (MS) has been demonstrated to be useful for molecular profiling of common solid tumors. Using recently developed MALDI matrices for lipid p...

    Authors: Han Sung Kang, Seok Cheol Lee, Young Seung Park, Young Eun Jeon, Jeong Hwa Lee, So-Youn Jung, In Hae Park, Seok Hoon Jang, Hye Min Park, Chong Woo Yoo, Seok Hee Park, Sang Yun Han, Kwang Pyo Kim, Young Hwan Kim, Jungsil Ro and Hark Kyun Kim
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:465
  30. Parvovirus H-1 (H-1PV) infects and lyses human tumor cells including melanoma, hepatoma, gastric, colorectal, cervix and pancreatic cancers. We assessed whether the beneficial effects of chemotherapeutic agent...

    Authors: Markus Moehler, Maike Sieben, Susanne Roth, Franziska Springsguth, Barbara Leuchs, Maja Zeidler, Christiane Dinsart, Jean Rommelaere and Peter R Galle
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:464
  31. Epigenetic regulation is an important mechanism leading to cancer initiation and promotion. Histone acetylation by histone deacetylases (HDACs) represents an important part of it. The development of HDAC inhib...

    Authors: Nicolas Samartzis, Patrick Imesch, Konstantin J Dedes, Eleftherios P Samartzis, André Fedier, Daniel Fink, Rosmarie Caduff and Mathias K Fehr
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:463
  32. Oral cancer is a major health problem worldwide. The 5-year survival rate ranges from 30-60%, and has remained unchanged in the past few decades. This is mainly due to late diagnosis and high recurrence of the...

    Authors: Catherine F Poh, J Scott Durham, Penelope M Brasher, Donald W Anderson, Kenneth W Berean, Calum E MacAulay, J Jack Lee and Miriam P Rosin
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:462
  33. The evolutionary dynamics between interacting heterogeneous cell types are fundamental properties of neoplastic progression but can be difficult to measure and quantify. Cancers are heterogeneous mixtures of m...

    Authors: Lauren MF Merlo, Rachelle E Kosoff, Kristin L Gardiner and Carlo C Maley
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:461
  34. Overall, Indigenous Australians with cancer are diagnosed with more advanced disease, receive less cancer treatment and have poorer cancer survival than non-Indigenous Australians. The prognosis for Indigenous...

    Authors: Suzanne P Moore, Adèle C Green, Gail Garvey, Michael D Coory and Patricia C Valery
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:460
  35. Cigarette smoking is an established risk factor of lung cancer development while the current epidemiological evidence is suggestive of an increased lung cancer risk associated with alcohol consumption. Dietary...

    Authors: Chikako Kiyohara, Takahiko Horiuchi, Koichi Takayama and Yoichi Nakanishi
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:459
  36. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major cause of hepatocarcinogenesis.

    Authors: Masashi Tatsukawa, Akinobu Takaki, Hidenori Shiraha, Kazuko Koike, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Haruhiko Kobashi, Shin-Ichi Fujioka, Kohsaku Sakaguchi and Kazuhide Yamamoto
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:458
  37. HDGF is a growth factor which is overexpressed in a wide range of tumors. Importantly, expression levels were identified as a prognostic marker in some types of cancer such as melanoma.

    Authors: Angela Sedlmaier, Nicolas Wernert, Rainer Gallitzendörfer, Mekky M Abouzied, Volkmar Gieselmann and Sebastian Franken
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:457
  38. Magnolol, a plant lignan isolated from the bark and seed cones of Magnolia officinalis, has been shown to have chemopreventive effects on chemically-induced skin cancer development. The objectives of this investi...

    Authors: Chandeshwari Chilampalli, Ruth Guillermo, Xiaoying Zhang, Radhey S Kaushik, Alan Young, David Zeman, Michael B Hildreth, Hesham Fahmy and Chandradhar Dwivedi
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:456
  39. Metastatic progression due to development or enrichment of therapy-resistant tumor cells is eventually lethal. Molecular characterization of such chemotherapy resistant tumor cell clones may identify markers r...

    Authors: Geir Olav Hjortland, Leonardo A Meza-Zepeda, Klaus Beiske, Anne H Ree, Siri Tveito, Hanne Hoifodt, Per J Bohler, Knut H Hole, Ola Myklebost, Oystein Fodstad, Sigbjorn Smeland and Eivind Hovig
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:455
  40. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-class I molecules on tumor cells have been regarded as crucial sites where cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) can recognize tumor-specific antigens and are strongly associated with ant...

    Authors: Koichi Kaneko, Sumiya Ishigami, Yuko Kijima, Yawara Funasako, Munetsugu Hirata, Hiroshi Okumura, Hiroyuki Shinchi, Chihaya Koriyama, Shinichi Ueno, Heiji Yoshinaka and Shoji Natsugoe
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:454
  41. The prognosis of patients with recurrent, platinum-resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is poor. There is no standard treatment available. Emerging evidence suggests a major role for antiangiogenic treatm...

    Authors: Michael Eichbaum, Christine Mayer, Regina Eickhoff, Esther Bischofs, Gerhard Gebauer, Tanja Fehm, Florian Lenz, Hans-Christian Fricke, Erich Solomayer, Nikos Fersis, Marcus Schmidt, Markus Wallwiener, Andreas Schneeweiss and Christof Sohn
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:453
  42. This study was aimed 1) to investigate the predictive value of FDG PET/CT (fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography) for histopathologic response and 2) to explore the re...

    Authors: Bhumsuk Keam, Seock-Ah Im, Youngil Koh, Sae-Won Han, Do-Youn Oh, Nariya Cho, Jee Hyun Kim, Wonshik Han, Keon Wook Kang, Woo Kyung Moon, Tae-You Kim, In Ae Park, Dong-Young Noh, June-Key Chung and Yung-Jue Bang
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:452
  43. Oncolytic viral therapy represents an alternative therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cancer. We previously described GLV-1h68, a modified Vaccinia Virus with exclusive tropism for tumor cells, and we ob...

    Authors: Maria Libera Ascierto, Andrea Worschech, Zhiya Yu, Sharon Adams, Jennifer Reinboth, Nanhai G Chen, Zoltan Pos, Rahul Roychoudhuri, Giovanni Di Pasquale, Davide Bedognetti, Lorenzo Uccellini, Fabio Rossano, Paolo A Ascierto, David F Stroncek, Nicholas P Restifo, Ena Wang…
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:451
  44. Despite their well-established functional roles, histone modifications have received less attention than DNA methylation in the cancer field. In order to evaluate their importance in colorectal cancer (CRC), w...

    Authors: Stefan Enroth, Alvaro Rada-Iglesisas, Robin Andersson, Ola Wallerman, Alkwin Wanders, Lars Påhlman, Jan Komorowski and Claes Wadelius
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:450
  45. Gastric adenocarcinoma is rare in children and adolescents, with about 17 cases under age 21 in the world's literature. We report a case of invasive well-differentiated metastatic gastric cancer in a Brazilian...

    Authors: Edaise M da Silva, Maria Isabel W Achatz, Ghyslaine Martel-Planche, André L Montagnini, Magali Olivier, Patricia A Prolla, Pierre Hainaut and Fernando A Soares
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:449
  46. The urokinase plasminogen activator receptor is highly expressed and its gene is amplified in about 50% of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas; this last feature is associated with worse prognosis. It is unknown...

    Authors: Claudio Sorio, Andrea Mafficini, Federico Furlan, Stefano Barbi, Antonio Bonora, Giorgio Brocco, Francesco Blasi, Giorgio Talamini, Claudio Bassi and Aldo Scarpa
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:448
  47. The dysregulation of gene expression in the TNF-TNFR superfamily has been involved in various human cancers including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Furthermore, functional polymorphisms in TNF-α and TNFRSF1...

    Authors: Xiaoxiang Guan, Zhongxin Liao, Hongxia Ma, Ji Qian, Zhensheng Liu, Xianglin Yuan, Daniel Gomez, Ritsuko Komaki, Li-E Wang and Qingyi Wei
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:447
  48. It is well established that drinking alcohol raises the risk of liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). However, it has not been sufficiently established as to whether or not drinking cessation subsequently r...

    Authors: Gawain A Heckley, Johan Jarl, Benedict O Asamoah and Ulf G-Gerdtham
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:446
  49. The mucosae of the oral cavity are different at the histological level but appear all equally exposed to common genotoxic agents. As a result of this exposure, changes in the mucosal epithelia may develop givi...

    Authors: Patrizio Castagnola, Davide Malacarne, Paola Scaruffi, Massimo Maffei, Alessandra Donadini, Emanuela Di Nallo, Simona Coco, Gian Paolo Tonini, Monica Pentenero, Sergio Gandolfo and Walter Giaretti
    Citation: BMC Cancer 2011 11:445

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