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Table 1 Sample description by race (number (%) or mean (standard deviation))

From: Disparities in awareness of and willingness to participate in cancer clinical trials between African American and White cancer survivors

Variables Total (n = 147) White (n = 52) Black (n = 95) P-value
Gender     0.011
 Male 20 (14) 12(24) 8 (8)  
 Female 126 (86) 39 (76) 87 (92)  
Educational Level     0.003
 Up to high school 48 (33) 9 (17) 39 (41)  
 Some college or more 99 (67) 43 (83) 56 (59)  
Marital Status     0.001
 Married 76 (52) 37 (71) 39 (41)  
 Non-married 71 (48) 15 (29) 56 (59)  
Employment Status     0.950
 Employed 73 (51) 26 (50) 47 (51)  
 Unemployed 72 (49) 26 (50) 46 (49)  
Individual income ($)     0.007
  ≤ 49,999 101 (71) 30 (58) 71 (79)  
  ≥ 50,000 41 (29) 22 (42) 19 (21)  
Self-Rated Health Status     0.686
 High 102 (69) 35 (67) 67 (70)  
 Low 45 (31) 17 (33) 28 (30)  
Physical Activity Status     0.831
 Active 114 (81) 42 (84) 72 (81)  
 Non-Active 26 (19) 9 (18) 17 (19)  
Current treatment status     0.008
 Yes 39 (27) 21 (40) 18 (20)  
 No 104 (73) 31 (60) 73 (80)  
Years survived after initial cancer diagnosis, mean (S.D.) 10.85 (9.89) 7.05 (7.73) 13.25 (10.39) 0.007
Social Support Scale, mean (SD) 4.16 (0.84) 4.25 (0.67) 4.11 (0.91) 0.318
Fatalism Scale, mean (SD) 2.32 (0.61) 2.18 (0.55) 2.47 (0.67) 0.011
General Self Efficacy Scale, mean (S.D.) 3.21 (0.50) 3.24 (0.43) 3.19 (0.58) 0.579
Herth Hope Index, mean (SD) 3.12 (0.49) 3.09 (0.44) 3.16 (0.55) 0.467
  1. Not all columns add up to n = 147 due to missing value. Chi-square tests or Fisher’s exact tests were conducted for categorical variables, and t-tests were used for continuous variables