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Table 4 Prevalence of and factors associated with hr-HPV infection

From: High prevalence of and factors associated with human papillomavirus infection among women attending a tertiary hospital in Gauteng Province, South Africa

Characteristics Total HR-HPV prevalence Bivariate analysis Multivariate analysis
n n (%) PR (95% CI) p-value PR (95% CI) p-value
Age (years)
 18–29 151 86 (57.0) 1.00    
 30–39 172 78 (45.6) 0.80 (0.65–0.99) 0.043   
 40–49 121 59 (48.8) 0.86 (0.68–1.08) 0.18   
 50–59 61 23 (37.7) 0.66 (0.47–0.94) 0.021   
 60 +  19 7 (36.8) 0.65 (0.35–1.18) 0.16   
Marital status
 Single 354 196 (55.4) 1.00   1.00  
 Married 126 39 (31.0) 0.56 (0.42–0.74)  < 0.0001 0.61 (0.47–0.81) 0.0006
 Divorced/Widowed/Separated 46 18 (39.1) 0.71 (0.49–1.03) 0.068 0.79 (0.54–1.14) 0.20
Employment status
 Employed 237 85 (35.9) 1.00   1.00  
 Unemployed 289 168 (58.1) 1.68 (1.33–1.97)  < 0.0001 1.50 (1.23–1.83)  < 0.0001
Place of residence
 Rural 12 5 (41.7) 0.85 (0.43–1.66) 0.63   
 Semi-urban 447 220 (49.2) 1.00    
 Semi-rural 63 28 (44.4) 0.90 (0.67–1.21) 0.49   
Number of children
 None 92 44 (47.8) 1.00    
 1 or 2 302 148 (49.0) 1.02 (0.80–1.31) 0.84   
 3 or 4 118 56 (47.5) 0.99 (0.75–1.32) 0.96   
 5 and more 14 5 (35.7) 0.75 (0.36–1.56) 0.44   
Present sexual activity status
 Not active 106 57 (53.8) 1.00    
 Active 420 196 (46.7) 0.87 (0.71–1.06) 0.17   
Number of current sexual partners
 None 100 55 (55.0) 1.00    
 1 392 178 (45.4) 0.83 (0.67–1.02) 0.071   
 2 or more 34 20 (58.8) 1.07 (0.77–1.49) 0.69   
Number of past sexual partners over 12 months
 None 99 52 (52.5) 1.00    
 1 214 91 (42.5) 0.81 (0.63–1.03) 0.089   
 2 76 43 (56.6) 1.08 (0.82–1.41) 0.59   
 3 67 32 (47.8) 0.91 (0.67–1.24) 0.55   
 4 or more 70 35 (50.0) 0.95 (0.71–1.28) 0.75   
Use of contraceptives
 Not using 374 180 (48.1) 1.00    
 Using 152 73 (48.0) 1.00 (0.82–1.21) 0.98   
Period of contraceptive use
 6 months 33 19 (57.6) 1.20 (0.88–1.63) 0.26   
 12 months 25 10 (40.0) 0.83 (0.51–1.36) 0.46   
 24 months 34 16 (47.1) 0.98 (0.67–1.42) 0.91   
 more than 24 months 60 28 (46.7) 0.97 (0.73–1.30) 0.84   
 N/A 374 180 (48.1) 1.00    
Pregnant
 Not pregnant 427 202 (47.3) 1.00    
 Pregnant 90 46 (51.1) 1.08 (0.86–1.35) 0.50   
 Don’t know 9