Skip to main content

Table 2 The relationship between personality traits and QoL. Note: the included studies by Petersen et al., Tomich et al., and Härtl et al., did not have any specific data and therefore could not be included in the table

From: A descriptive systematic review of the relationship between personality traits and quality of life of women with non-metastatic breast cancer

Personality traits Correlation coefficient (r) Variance in QoL explained by personality traits (%) Odds ratio (CI)  
Openness to Experience
Novelty seeking [13]    Overall QoL 8%*   
Conscientiousness [1]    Overall QoL T3/BCT 9%**   
Agency [19] EWB 0.25*     
IWB 0.10     
Unmitigated agency [19] EWB -0.21 IWB 35%**   
IWB -0.38***   
Extraversion
Optimism [14, 15] NF 0.36***    EF (AD vs. MHI) 0.43 (0.30–0.65)***
PFE 0.37***    EF (AD vs. MHI) 0.69 (0.56–0.86)***
CF 0.15   
SP 0.36***   
SA 0.20*   
F 0.22**   
Agreeableness [1]    Overall QoL T3/BCT 4%*   
   Overall QoL T4/BCT 6%*   
Neuroticism [1]    Overall QoL T2/MCT +  19%***   
   Overall QoL T3/MTC +  21%***   
   Overall QoL T4/MTC +  20%***   
   Overall QoL T5/MTC +  26%***   
   Overall QoL T5/BCT 34%***   
Self-efficacy [18, 21] Overall QoL 0.34*—0.49**     
PWB 0.21—0.39**     
SWB 0.24—0.27**     
EWB 0.42**     
FWB 0.27*—0.35**     
Trait anxiety [1, 20, 23] Overall QoL -0.32*—-0.77** Overall QoL T2/BCT 29%*** Overall QoL 7.81 (2.42–25.72) ***
PWB -0.63** Overall QoL T3/BCT 37%***   
SWB -0.50** Overall QoL T4/BCT 43%***   
EWB -0.73**     
FWB -0.62**     
PS -0.33*     
  1. Abbreviations: EWB Emotional Well-Being, IWB Interpersonal Well-Being, NF Negative Feelings, PFE Positive Feelings, CF Cognitive functioning, SP Sexual problems, SA Social Avoidance, F Fatigue, QoL Quality of Life, PWB Physical Well-Being, SWB Social/family Well-Being, FWB Functional Well-Being, PS Psychological/Spiritual, EF Emotional functioning, T2/3/4/5 Time measure point 2/3/4/5, BCT Breast-Conserving Therapy, MTC +  Mastectomy and MTC after BCT, AD Accelerated Decline, MHI Maintained High, MD Moderate Decline
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001