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Table 1 Average end-of-life healthcare expenditures spent by the study participants

From: Disparities in healthcare expenditures according to economic status in cancer patients undergoing end-of-life care

  Unit: 1,000,000 KRW
Variables N Healthcare expenditures
Total 12 ~ 3 Months 3 Months ~ Death
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Economic status
 Low 578 14.0 12.8 7.6 8.9 6.5 7.5
 Mid 900 14.8 12.7 8.2 9.2 6.6 6.7
 High 1605 16.3 15.1 8.8 10.6 7.5 7.5
Sex
 Male 1973 15.7 14.1 8.5 9.8 7.2 7.6
 Female 1110 15.0 13.9 8.2 10.1 6.8 6.6
Age
  ~ 69 157 21.1 14.3 12.5 10.0 8.6 7.4
 70 ~ 74 907 18.6 13.8 10.6 10.4 8.0 7.0
 75 ~ 79 941 15.9 16.3 8.6 11.5 7.3 8.0
 80~ 1078 11.6 10.7 5.7 7.0 5.8 6.6
Type of insurance coveragea
 NHI (self-employed) 938 15.9 14.5 8.9 10.3 7.0 7.2
 NHI (employees) 2145 15.3 13.8 8.2 9.8 7.0 7.3
Types of cancer which diagnosed
 Gastric cancer 863 14.2 13.9 7.9 9.5 7.3 7.9
 Colorectal cancer 898 15.0 15.5 7.6 10.9 6.4 7.3
 Hepatocellular carcinoma 440 16.7 12.9 8.7 8.9 8.0 7.0
 Lung cancer 882 16.6 13.1 9.5 9.8 7.1 6.7
Survival time (from first diagnosis)
 1y ~ 2y 877 15.1 12.6 8.4 8.5 6.7 7.1
 2y ~ 3y 1037 14.8 12.6 8.1 9.3 6.6 6.3
 3y ~ 4y 590 15.2 13.3 8.1 10.0 7.1 6.6
 4y ~ 5y 368 17.6 18.7 9.6 13.4 8.0 8.7
 5y+ 211 17.4 18.1 8.3 11.4 9.1 10.4
Charlson Comorbidity Index
  ~ 2 541 8.6 9.2 4.5 6.4 4.2 5.6
 3 ~ 5 639 11.8 10.5 5.4 6.6 6.3 7.2
 6~ 1903 18.6 15.2 10.5 11.0 8.1 7.4
Residing area
 Capital area 1055 16.8 15.0 9.1 10.3 7.6 8.2
 Metropolitan 635 15.4 15.3 8.5 11.0 6.9 7.0
 Others 1393 14.5 12.5 7.8 9.1 6.7 6.6
Types of main treatment institution
 General hospital 2445 16.9 14.7 9.1 10.4 7.8 7.8
 Hospital 235 8.7 7.8 4.5 5.8 4.4 3.9
 Long-term care hospital 278 13.5 9.5 8.2 8.2 5.3 2.7
 Clinic 125 3.5 7.4 2.2 4.8 1.3 2.9
LOSb   96.4 64.4 57.6 50.2 38.7 25.1
Total 3083 15.5 14.0 8.4 9.9 7.1 7.3
  1. aKRW Korean Won, NHI National Health Insurance
  2. b The mean and standard deviation value of LOS