# Table 4 Univariate and Multivariable Analysis to Assess Resilience and Its Associated Factors among Head and Neck Cancer Survivors (nÂ =â€‰250)

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4a.Univariate Analysis

4b. Multivariate Analysis

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Variables

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95% Confidence Interval (CI)

95% Confidence Interval (CI)

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Formal Schooling

Yes (ref)

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No

- 3.37(1.93)

(âˆ’7.18,0.42) *

âˆ’0.66(2.04)

(âˆ’â€‰4.67,3.36)

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Years of schooling

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0.24(0.18)

(âˆ’0.11,0.60) *

NS

NS

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Role in family

Head/ decision makers of the family (ref)

â€“

â€“

â€“

â€“

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Not Head /decision makers of the family

2.41(1.34)

(âˆ’0.288,5.05)*

1.86(1.11)

(âˆ’â€‰0.33,4.05)

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Not head/ not the decision makers of the family

âˆ’4.59(2.84)

(âˆ’10.21,1.01)*

0.67 (2.41)

(âˆ’4.07, 5.42)

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Family members in the household

Less than 6 (ref)

â€“

â€“

â€“

â€“

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More than 6

âˆ’0.18 (1.30)

(âˆ’2.74,2.38)*

âˆ’2.30 (1.02)

(âˆ’4.31,-0.29)**

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Cardiovascular Disease

Yes

4.3 (3.30)

(âˆ’2.20, 10.80)*

NS

NS

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No (ref)

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Smokeless Tobacco user

Yes

9.71(2.86)

(4.06,15.35)*

10.12(2.20)

(5.79,14.45)**

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No

0.855 (1.32)

(âˆ’1.74,3.45)

1.06 (1.03)

(âˆ’0.97, 3.08)

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Ex user (ref)

â€“

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â€“

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Family History of any cancer

Yes

- 4.15(1.79)

(âˆ’7.67,-0.62)*

NS

NS

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No (ref)

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Family history of depression

Yes

- 5.49(3.29)

(âˆ’11.98,1.00)*

NS

NS

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No (ref)

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Deaths in the family

Yes

3.81(2.50)

(âˆ’1.11,8.74)*

NS

NS

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No (ref)

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Patient has Feeding tube

Yes

- 2.90 (1.30)

(âˆ’5.47, âˆ’0.33)*

NS

NS

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No (ref)

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Patient has tracheotomy

Yes

- 6.99 (2.41)

(âˆ’11.74, âˆ’2.24)*

- 3.98 (1.92)

(âˆ’7.67,-0.21)**

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No (ref)

â€“

â€“

â€“

â€“

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Patient has urine bag

Yes

âˆ’10.66 (7.26)

(âˆ’ 24.96, 3.64)*

NS

NS

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No (ref)

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Chemotherapy

1.833(3.23)

(âˆ’4.53,8.19)

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- 0.52(2.00)

(âˆ’4.46,3.42)

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Combination

- 2.68 (1.59)

(âˆ’5.82,0.44)*

NS

NS

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â€“

â€“

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Social Support

<=18 low social support

âˆ’10.67(2.42)

(âˆ’15.44, âˆ’5.90)*

âˆ’â€‰5.66(2.01)

(âˆ’9.62,-1.71)**

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>â€‰18 high social support (ref)

â€“

â€“

â€“

â€“

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Depression

0â€“7(normal) (ref)

â€“

â€“

â€“

â€“

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8â€“10(borderline abnormal)

- 7.32 (2.17)

(âˆ’11.60, âˆ’3.03)*

- 4.39 (2.03)

(âˆ’8.41,-0.39)**

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11â€“21 (case abnormal)

- 21.80 (2.01)

(âˆ’25.76,-17.84)*

- 16.95 (2.04)

(âˆ’20.98,-12.93)**

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Anxiety

0â€“7(normal) (ref)

â€“

â€“

â€“

â€“

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8â€“10(borderline case)

âˆ’7.77 (3.67)

(âˆ’15.01, âˆ’0.53)*

- 6.58(2.97)

(âˆ’12.43,-0.73)**

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11â€“21(case abnormal)

âˆ’23.179 (3.96)

(âˆ’ 30.983, âˆ’15.375)*

âˆ’â€‰11.03 (3.47)

(âˆ’ 17.88, âˆ’4.18)**

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Formal schooling * Role in the family

Formal schooling * Head/ decision makers of the family (ref)

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â€“

â€“

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No formal schooling * Not the head/ decision makers of the family

NA

NA

âˆ’0.32(3.08)

(âˆ’5.76,6.39)

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No Formal schooling * Not head/ not decision makers of the family

Â Â

âˆ’16.45(5.40)

(âˆ’27.08,-5.82)**

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1. R2â€‰=â€‰0.49
2. *Significant at p value <â€‰0.025 by univariate linear regression
3. ** Significant at p value <â€‰0.05 by multivariable linear regression
4. NS (non-significant)
5. NA (not-applicable)