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Table 2 Sample distribution by passive smoking, diabetes, DM treatments, and work schedule

From: Secondhand smoke exposure, diabetes, and high BMI are risk factors for uterine cervical cancer: a cross-sectional study from the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (2010–2018)

Variables   n Cervical cancer (%) p*
Passive smoking Workplace Unexposed 24,044 228 (0.95) 0.009
Exposed 5081 29 (0.57)  
Domestic Unexposed 27,142 230 (0.85) 0.045
Exposed 2222 28 (1.26)  
Public place Unexposed 10,680 108 (1.01) 0.451
Exposed 2264 19 (0.84)  
Diabetes Nondiabetic 27,175 217 (0.80) 0.000
Diabetic 2380 45 (1.89)  
DM treatment Insulin injection. No 29,340 258 (0.88) 0.124
Yes 214 4 (1.87)  
Medication No 27,427 219 (0.80) 0.000
  Yes 2127 43 (2.02)  
Nonpharmacologic No 29,247 256 (0.88) 0.045
  Yes 307 6 (1.95)  
Work schedule Day shift 13,973 100 (0.72) 0.354
Evening shift 2102 16 (0.76)  
Night shift 278 0 (0.00)  
12-h regular shift 297 0 (0.00) 0.438
24-h regular shift 43 0 (0.00)  
Split shift 133 1 (0.75)  
Irregular shift 93 1 (1.08)  
Other 64 0 (0.00)  
  1. *p value calculated by Fisher’s exact test
  2. DM diabetes mellitus