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Table 3 Comparison of postoperative consequences between the open surgery and minimal invasive approaches

From: Minimal invasive versus open esophagectomy for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after neoadjuvant treatments

  Mckeown esophagectomy  
Variables Open surgery MIE P
Operative time (min) 390.93 ± 154.56 330.67 ± 91.96 0.001
Blood loss (ml) 204.00 ± 105.83 167.23 ± 107.44 0.021
Hospital stays (D) 34.87 ± 61.13 23.82 ± 19.50 0.068
In-hospital mortality, n(%) 2 (2.7) 2 (1.7) 0.639
Complications
 Anastomotic leakage 15 (20.0) 4 (3.3) < 0.001
 ARDS 2 (2.7) 4 (3.3) 1.000
 Pneumonia 1 (1.3) 1 (0.8) 1.000
 Chylothorax 0 2 (1.7) 0.549
 Reoperation for hemothorax 0 2 (1.7) 0.549
 Arrhythmia 1 (1.3) 0 0.348
Recurrence, n(%) 34 (45.3) 29 (24.2) 0.003
  1. Data are mean ± SD or n (%)
  2. MIE minimally invasive esophagectomy, ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome