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Table 2 Univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses of OS

From: Association between fasting blood glucose levels at admission and overall survival of patients with pancreatic cancer

  Univariable Multivariable
HR 95% CI P HR 95% CI P
Age 1.01 (0.99,1.02) 0.308    
BMI 0.98 (0.94,1.03) 0.418    
Blood glucose
 Normal ref      
 Abnormal 1.08 (0.82,1.44) 0.574 1.04 (0.78,1.4) 0.781
Sex
 Female ref      
 Male 1.07 (0.81,1.41) 0.621    
Smoking history
 No ref      
 Yes 1.14 (0.86,1.51) 0.358    
Drinking history
 No ref      
 Yes 1.30 (0.94,1.81) 0.113    
Diabetes
 No ref      
 Yes 1.05 (0.77,1.43) 0.771    
Hypertension
 No ref      
 Yes 0.94 (0.69,1.27) 0.683    
Allergic history
 No ref      
 Yes 1.22 (0.83,1.78) 0.314    
Abdominal pain
 No ref      
 Yes 1.08 (0.8,1.47) 0.607    
Back pain
 No ref      
 Yes 0.61 (0.4,0.92) 0.019 0.65 (0.42,1.03) 0.064
Anorexia
 No ref      
 Yes 0.86 (0.4,1.82) 0.689    
Loss of appetite
 No ref      
 Yes 1.09 (0.82,1.43) 0.559    
Loss of weight
 No ref      
 Yes 0.82 (0.62,1.09) 0.165    
CA199
 Normal ref      
 37–1000 1.47 (1.02,2.12) 0.039 1.38 (0.94,2.01) 0.099
  > 1000 1.84 (1.14,2.97) 0.013 1.86 (1.15,3.02) 0.012
Surgical procedure
 Whipple ref      
 Distal 1.26 (0.91,1.75) 0.161    
 Other 0.95 (0.44,2.02) 0.886    
Location
 Head ref      
 Tail 1.21 (0.87,1.69) 0.253    
Differentiation degree
 Poor ref      
 Moderate-high 0.79 (0.57,1.08) 0.144    
AJCC8 staging
 Stage I ref      
 Stage II 1.05 (0.77,1.43) 0.753    
 Stage III-IV 1.30 (0.9,1.87) 0.162    
Obstructive jaundice
 No ref      
 Yes 0.89 (0.68,1.17) 0.405    
  1. HR hazards ratio, CI confidence interval, BMI body mass index, CA cancer antigen, AJCC American Joint Committee on Cancer