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Table 6 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with adequate knowledge scores about cervical cancer among health workers

From: Knowledge, attitudes, and practice of cervical cancer prevention among health workers in rural health centres of Northern Uganda

Demographic and HC characteristics n (%) Knowledge COR 95% CI P-value AOR 95% CI P-value
Inadequate n = 114 (40) Adequate n = 171 (60)
Health workers qualifications (n = 285)
 Nurses 153 (54) 60 (39) 93 (61) 1    1   
 Midwife 80 (28) 32 (40) 48 (60) 0.97 0.56–1.68 0.91 1.15 0.57–2.30 0.70
 Clinical Officer 52 (18) 22 (42) 30 (58) 0.88 0.46–1.67 0.69 0.98 0.45–2.15 0.97
Gender of health workers (n = 286)
 Male 98 (34) 42 (43) 56 (57) 1    1   
 Female 187 (66) 72 (39) 115 (61) 1.20 0.73–1.97 0.48 1.43 0.74–2.76 0.28
Health centre level of health workers (n = 286)
 Health centre level IV 64 (22) 26 (41) 38 (59) 1    1   
 Health centre level III 221 (78) 88 (40) 133 (60) 1.03 0.59–1.82 0.91 1.10 0.56–2.16 0.78
Numbers of years employed as a health worker (n = 281)
 1–4 years 54 (19) 27 (50) 27 (50) 1    1   
 5–9 years 112 (40) 42 (37.5) 70 (62.5) 1.67 0.86–3.21 0.13 2.07 0 .84–5.11 0.11
 10–14 years 53 (19) 20 (38) 33 (62) 1.65 0.76–3.56 0.20 1.17 0.38–3.62 0.79
 15 + years 61 (22) 24 (39) 37 (61) 1.54 0.74–3.23 0.25 0.91 0.22–3.65 0.89
Age group of health workers (n = 280
 21–25 years 19 (7) 9 (47) 10 (53) 1    1   
 26–30 years 76 (27) 35 (46) 41 (54) 1.05 0.39–2.89 0.92 0.83 0.24–2.88 0.77
 31–35 years 71 (25) 27 (38) 44 (62) 1.47 0.53–4.07 0.46 0.87 0.21–3.57 0.85
 36–40 years 52 (19) 20 (38) 32 (62) 1.44 0.50–4.16 0.50 1.32 0.30–5.72 0.71
 41+ years 61 (22) 23 (38) 38 (62) 1.49 0.53–4.20 0.45 1.64 0.29–9.31 0.58
Healthcare worker trained to conduct cervical cancer screening (n = 282)
 Yes 93 (33) 26 (28) 67 (72) 1    1   
 No 189 (67) 85 (45) 104 (55) 0.47 0.28–0.81 0.01 0.39 0.21–0.72 < 0.001
HC has education material about cervical cancer (n = 283)
 Yes 84 (30) 33 (39) 51 (61) 1    1   
 No 199 (70) 80 (40) 119 (60) 0.96 0.57–1.62 0.89 1.17 0.62–2.23 0.63
Health worker conduct outreach health education in the community (n = 283)
 Yes 128 (45) 45 (35) 83 (65) 1    1   
 No 154 (55) 69 (45) 85 (55) 0.67 0.41–1.08 0.10 0.73 0.41–1.30 0.28
HC has guideline for cervical cancer screening (n = 281)
 Yes 58 (21) 18 (31) 40 (69) 1    1   
 No 222 (79) 94 (42) 128 (58) 0.61 0.33–1.13 0.12 0.53 0.25–1.12 0.10
HC has HPV vaccination guideline (n = 275)
 Yes 204 (74) 76 (37) 128 (63) 1    1   
 No 71 (26) 33 (46) 38 (54) 0.68 0.40–1.18 0.17 0.68 0.38–1.25 0.21
  1. COR Crude Odds Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio. Adjusted for each demographic characteristic. Bolded figures indicate statistically significant variables at p ≤ 0.05. HC Health centre. We used Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test to check if our final model had fitted the data perfectly well and the p-value = 0.44 from the Hosmer-Lemeshow’s goodness-of-fit test is an indicator that our model fitted the data well. The few missing data on demographic characteristics were not dropped from the analysis since the missing rates were less than 5% and were considered inconsequential based on Schafer (1999)
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