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Table 2 Breast cancer awareness (BCA) and relation to health care

From: Factors associated with breast cancer awareness and breast self-examination in Fiji and Kashmir India – a cross-sectional study

  ==== Fiji (n = 1982) ==== ==== Kashmir (n = 399) ==== p-value b
n Estimate a n Estimate a
Understanding of breast cancer:
 Ever heard about breast cancer 1771/1979 90% 147/397 37% 3.3 × 10− 129
 Perceive they know signs and symptoms of breast cancer 1323/1980 67% 69/395 18% 7.1 × 10−74
 Worried about getting breast cancer 1483/1980 75% 364/393 93% 1.1 × 10−14
 Believe breast cancer can be detected early 1755/1973 89% 147/397 37% 2.7 × 10− 124
 Believe early detection increases survival 1717/1975 87% 292/388 75% 3.8 × 10−9
 Having an acceptable breast cancer awareness c 1115/1968 57% 29/395 7.3% 1.2 × 10−71
Action if suspicion of possible breast cancer
 Have felt suspicious lump/mass/change in breast before 217/1960 11% 13/399 2.8% 0.000002
 Did see a doctor if yes to above question 118/198 60% 10/13 77% 0.22
 Would attend doctor in future if noticing change in breast 1803/1968 92% 386/396 98% 0.000048
Breast self-examination (BSE)
 Have heard about BSE 1116/1978 56% 177/396 45% 0.000019
 Have been taught the technique of BSE 840/1978 43% 58/397 15% 1.5 × 10−25
 Perform BSE on a regular basis Yes/No 976/1967 50% 144/397 36% 0.000001
 Time interval between BSE:      4.0 × 10−11
 Never 1003/1877 53% 253/373 68% (above)
 Once annually 30/1877 1.6% 1/373 0.3% (above)
 A few times per year 71/1877 3.8% 2/373 0.5% (above)
 Monthly (or close to monthly) 215/1877 12% 7/373 1.9% (above)
 More often than once a month 558/1877 30% 110/373 30% (above)
Shyness and wish for a female health care provider
 Feel shy or reluctant to discuss breast health issues 403/1965 21% 132/398 33% 3.8 × 10−8
 Usual doctor is female 506/1555 33% 105/396 27% 7.7 × 10−11
 Would prefer a female doctor to discuss breast health issues 1586/1968 81% 365/393 93% 1.1 × 10−8
 Feel there is a local lack of female doctors/nurses to discuss this 905/1966 46% 377/391 96% 1.4 × 10−74
Last time visiting a doctor      8.4 × 10−22
 Never visited a doctor 330/1972 17% 23/393 5.9% (above)
 More than a year ago 319/1972 16% 22/393 5.6% (above)
 Within a year 493/1972 25% 81/393 21% (above)
 Within a month 830/1972 42% 267/393 68% (above)
  1. a Percent is calculated after first omitting blank responses
  2. b Comparison between Fiji and Kashmir
  3. c Acceptable breast cancer awareness (BCA) is defined as women that a) perceive they know signs and symptoms of breast cancer AND b) believe breast cancer can be detected early AND c) believe early detection increases survival AND d) would attend doctor in future if noticing a change in the breast
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