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Table 2 QoL domains (N = 106) during the hospital stay for breast surgery and 1 year later: means and (standard deviations)

From: Quality of life and psychological distress during cancer: a prospective observational study involving young breast cancer female patients

  Hospital stay 1-year later Pa Normsb [16]
Physical Functioning 81.3 (25.4) 84.3 (15.2) 0.216 81.02
Role-Physical Limitation 69.8 (38.7) 58.3 (41.8) 0.028 74.13
Bodily Pain 76.8 (23.1) 68.6 (254) 0.008 69.01
General health 65.4 (20.5) 63.3 (21.3) 0.312 63.19
Vitality 58.5 (17.7) 56.2 (19.2) 0.278 57.98
Social Functioning 59.6 (25.1) 70.6 (23.2) 0.000 73.89
Role-Emotional Limitation 48.7 (38.5) 68.2 (38.6) 0.000 71.78
Mental Health 56.0 (19.3) 67.8 (17.3) 0.000 62.48
  1. aValues from the comparisons between T0 and t1. b1032 Italian females from the general population [16]