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Table 4 Correlation between pregnant outcomes and clinicopathological indexes in patients after fertility-sparing surgery

From: Staging procedures fail to benefit women with borderline ovarian tumours who want to preserve fertility: a retrospective analysis of 448 cases

  Fertility outcome P value
No
(n,%)
Yes
(n,%)
Staging surgery
 No 124 (87.9) 79 (85.9) 0.691
 Yes 17 (12.1) 13 (14.1)  
Surgical approach
 Laparoscopy 65 (46.1) 37 (40.2) 0.419
 Laparotomy 76 (53.9) 55 (59.8)  
Surgical procedure
 Cystectomy 76 (53.9) 41 (44.6) 0.181
 Salpingo-oophorectomy 65 (46.1) 51 (55.4)  
Adjuvant chemotherapy
 No 110 (78.0) 77 (83.7) 0.316
 Yes 31 (22.0) 15 (16.3)  
FIGO Stage
 I 121 (85.8) 84 (91.3) 0.225
II 20 (14.2) 8 (8.7)  
Histology
 Serous 79 (56.0) 39 (42.4) 0.08
 Mucinous 47 (33.3) 44 (47.8)  
 Others 15 (10.6) 9 (9.8)  
Lesion lateral
 Unilateral 122 (86.5) 82 (89.1) 0.686
 Bilateral 19 (13.5) 10 (10.9)  
Micropapillary
 No 23 (16.3) 12 (13.0) 0.576
 Yes 118 (83.7) 80 (87.0)  
Microinvasion
 No 126 (89.4) 85 (92.4) 0.499
 Yes 15 (10.6) 7 (7.6)  
Carcinogenesis
 No 134 (95.0) 86 (93.5) 0.771
 Yes 7 (5.0) 6 (6.5)  
Ascites/Pelvic washings
 Positive 7 (5.0) 3 (3.3) 0.744
 Negative 134 (95.0) 89 (96.7)  
CA-125
 Normal 82 (65.6) 60 (69.8) 0.553
 Elevated 43 (34.4) 26 (30.2)  
Invasive implants
 No 132 (93.6) 88 (95.7) 0.574
 Yes 9 (6.4) 4 (4.3)  
Age
 < 35 107 (75.9) 92 (100) 0.000
35 34 (24.1) 0