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Table 3 Early postoperative outcome

From: Long term outcome of anastomotic leakage in patients undergoing low anterior resection for rectal cancer

N (%) Overall Population Symptomatic AL (SAL) Asymptomatic AL (AAL) Without AL (WAL) P
200 (100) 29 (14.5) 10 (5.0) 161 (80.5)
Emergency surgery, n (%) 21 (11.5) 12 (41.4) 0 9 (5.6)  
 Laparoscopic abdominal drainage, n (%) 3 (1.5) 3 (10.3) 0 0  
 Open abdominal drainage, n (%) 5 (2.5) 3 (10.3) 0 2 (1.2) 0.001
 Hartmann’s procedure, n (%) 6 (3.0) 6 (20.7) 0 0  
 Ileostomy repair, n (%) 7 (3.5) 0 0 7 (4.3)  
Trans-anal drainage, n (%) 5 (2.5) 5 (17.2) 0 0  
CT-guided drainage, n (%) 2 (1.0) 1 (3.4) 1 (10,0) 0 0.003
Antibiotics treatment only, n (%) 23 (11.5) 11 (37.9) 9 (90.0) 0
Hospital stay (days) median ± IQR 11.0 (9.0–16.0) 19.0 (14.0–33.0) 11.5 (9.5–14.8) 10.0 (9.0–14.0) < 0.001
Initial diverting stoma reversal, n (%)
 Yes 159 (88.8) 18 (72.0) 9 (90.0) 132 (91.7)  
 No 20 (11.2) 7 (28.0) 1 (10.0) 12 (8.3) 0.021
Days before stoma reversal (days), median ± IQR 97.0 (74,1–188.2) 209.0 (127.3–327.3) 208.0 (115.7–274.7) 91.9 (69.9–138.4) < 0.001
  1. AL Anastomotic leak, SAL symptomatic AL, AAL asymptomatic AL and WAL without AL, IQR interquartile range