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Table 2 Trends (annual percent change) of cancer mortality. Mean APC by type of cancer, sex, and quartiles of government health expenditure, hospital beds, and human development index. Brazil, 1996–2016

From: Describing mortality trends for major cancer sites in 133 intermediate regions of Brazil and an ecological study of its causes

   Per Capita Gov Health Expenditure Hospital beds, per 1000 Human Development Index
Sex 1st qtl 2nd qtl 3rd qtl 4th qtl R(1) 1st qtl 2nd qtl 3rd qtl 4th qtl R(1) 1st qtl 2nd qtl 3rd qtl 4th qtl R(1)
All cancers F 4.47 1.75 0.09 −0.50 − 0.49(2) 2.93 1.24 1.00 0.69 −0.37(2) 3.45 1.83 0.93 −0.27 −0.84(2)
M 4.88 2.63 0.22 −0.62 −0.38(2) 3.60 1.51 1.25 0.80 −0.42(2) 3.99 2.31 1.22 −0.25 −0.87(2)
Head & Neck F 12.25 3.43 0.51 −0.58 −0.38(2) 8.21 2.54 3.23 1.75 −0.37(3) 8.97 4.21 2.67 0.13 −0.66(2)
M 11.11 4.73 1.14 −0.88 − 0.39(2) 8.49 2.61 2.52 2.56 −0.32(4) 9.92 3.42 3.29 −0.19 −0.63(2)
Colon, Rectum & Anus F 9.19 3.41 1.85 0.46 −0.42(2) 6.52 3.35 2.92 2.19 −0.38(2) 6.97 4.14 3.08 0.96 −0.74(2)
M 7.88 4.69 2.83 1.61 −0.47(2) 6.35 3.92 3.55 3.22 −0.33(2) 6.71 4.43 3.99 2.04 −0.68(2)
Stomach F 7.73 0.64 −1.99 −2.90 −0.43(2) 4.44 0.27 −0.32 −1.11 −0.37(2) 5.57 1.54 −1.12 −2.55 −0.71(2)
M 5.62 1.54 −2.24 −3.17 −0.47(2) 4.30 −0.53 −0.96 −1.13 − 0.36(2) 4.81 0.99 −1.23 −2.83 −0.71(2)
Pancreas F 11.95 3.87 2.69 0.79 −0.42(2) 9.08 3.77 4.42 2.11 −0.41(2) 9.25 5.38 3.82 1.16 −0.65(2)
M 10.89 5.34 1.57 0.95 −0.47(2) 8.82 3.98 3.25 2.76 −0.40(2) 9.61 4.98 3.26 1.20 −0.72(2)
Lung F 7.67 3.14 1.09 1.22 −0.43(2) 5.28 3.24 2.41 2.25 −0.32(3) 6.28 3.63 2.31 1.09 −0.63(2)
M 5.93 2.44 −0.21 −1.11 −0.43(2) 4.42 1.18 0.94 0.56 −0.38(2) 4.65 2.31 1.01 −0.71 −0.75(2)
Breast F 11.82 3.19 1.99 −0.06 −0.39(2) 8.75 2.40 3.47 2.42 −0.31(3) 10.21 4.13 2.23 0.72 −0.56(2)
Prostate M 8.89 4.55 0.79 −0.75 − 0.48(2) 7.29 2.05 2.67 1.51 −0.38(2) 8.52 3.55 1.85 −0.16 −0.71(2)
Cervical F 5.98 1.96 −1.71 −3.01 −0.41(2) 4.96 −0.41 −0.67 − 0.62 −0.30(3) 6.13 0.75 −0.87 −2.53 −0.58(2)
  1. (1) R = Pearson correlation.
  2. (2) P for trend < 0.001
  3. (3) P for trend = 0.001
  4. (4) P for trend = 0.002
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