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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics and the level of resilience among oral cancer patients (n = 230)

From: Resilience and associated factors among Chinese patients diagnosed with oral cancer

Variables N (%) Resilience
Mean (SD) T /F P
Age    −0.010 0.992
 < 60 years 156 (67.8) 67.93 (13.04)   
 ≥60 years 74 (32.2) 67.95 (11.87)   
Gender    − 0.743 0.458
 Male 134 (58.3) 67.39 (12.58)   
 Female 96 (41.7) 68.67 (12.71)   
Marriage    2.069 0.047
 Single/divorced /widowed 26 (11.3) 67.41 (12.84)   
 Married/cohabitation 204 (88.7) 72.00 (10.37)   
BMI    1.018 0.363
 <18.5 8 (3.5) 61.75 (22.62)   
 18.5–23.9 118 (51.3) 67.96 (12.10)   
 ≥24 104 (45.2) 68.36 (12.26)   
Education    3.493 0.032
 Middle school or lower 100 (43.5) 67.26 (11.75)   
 High or secondary school 60 (26.1) 65.42 (14.18)   
 College or university 70 (30.4) 71.01 (11.97)   
Job status    0.524 0.586
 Regular employee 133 (57.8) 67.71 (12.73)   
 Retirement 34 (14.8) 66.47 (11.58)   
 Unemployed /temporary workers 63 (27.4) 69.14 (12.93)   
Income    −1.963 0.051
 < 3000 141 (61.3) 66.64 (12.34)   
 ≥3000 89 (38.7) 69.97 (12.93)   
Residence    1.567 0.119
 Urban 145 (63.0) 68.92 (12.57)   
 Rural 84 (37.0) 66.22 (12.62)   
Smoking    1.543 0.124
 No 118 (51.3) 69.17 (13.16)   
 Yes 112 (48.7) 66.61 (12.00)   
Drinking alcohol    0.960 0.338
 No 135 (58.7) 68.59 (12.60)   
 Yes 95 (41.30) 66.97 (12.67)   
Type of treatment    0.465 0.643
 Radical surgery 210 (91.3) 68.33 (12.75)   
 Alleviative treatment 20 (8.7) 66.89 (10.32)   
Family history    1.053 0.293
 No 215 (93.5) 68.17 (12.69)   
 Yes 15 (6.5) 64.60 (12.30)   
Distant metastasis    2.717 0.007
 No 216 (94.0) 68.61 (12.16)   
 Yes 14 (6.0) 58.67 (15.28)