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Table 1 Socio-demographic, clinical and psycho-social variables of children and adolescents with Cancer at UCI outpatient clinic

From: Prevalence and factors associated with major depressive disorder in children and adolescents at the Uganda Cancer Institute

Socio-demographic variables N = 352 Percentage%
Age category (years)
 Children (7–9) 115 32.67
 Adolescents (10–17) 237 67.33
Gender
 Male 240 68.18
 Female 112 31.82
Orphanhood status
 Both parents alive 279 79.30
 Single Orphan 61 17.30
 Double Orphan 12 3.40
Ethnic group according to region
 Western Uganda 80 22.70
 Northern Uganda 66 18.60
 Eastern Uganda 72 20.50
 Central region 110 31.30
 Foreigners 24 6.81
Psychosocial variables
Negative coping strategies
 Denial
  Yes 141 40.1
  No 211 59.9
 Self-blame
  Yes 56 15.9
  No 296 84.1
 Substance use
  Yes 17 4.8
  No 335 95.2
 Behavioural disengagement
  Yes 173 49.2
  No 179 50.8
Positive coping strategies
 Self-distraction
  Yes 250 71
  No 102 29
 Active Coping
  Yes 329 93.5
  No 23 6.5
 Use of emotional support
  Yes 301 85.5
  No 51 14.5
 Use of instrumental support
  Yes 295 83.8
  No 57 16.2
 Acceptance
  Yes 190 54
  No 162 46
 Positive reframing
  Yes 223 63.4
  No 129 36.6
 Use of religion
  Yes 264 75
  No 88 25
Perception of social support
 A special person in patient’s life
  Yes 292 83.8
  No 60 16.2
 Emotional Support from family
  Yes 293 83.2
  No 59 16.8
 Friends in the patient’s life
  Yes 290 82.4
  No 62 17.6
 Family help
  Yes 292 83
  No 60 17
Clinical variables
A family history of depression
 Yes 127 36.1
 No 225 63.9
HIV/AIDS
 Yes 47 13.4
 No 233 86.6
Cancer stage
 I 31 8.8
 II 45 12.8
 III 80 22.7
 IV 49 13.9
 Other 150 42.6
Cancer category
 Lymphomas 152 43.2
 Leukaemia’s 94 26.7
 Embryonal tumours 49 13.9
 Primary bone tumours 14 4.0
 Others 43 12.2
Treatment duration
 0–12 months 239 68.0
 12–36 months 103 29.3
  > 36 months 10 2.8