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Table 1 General characteristics of the study population

From: Association between awareness of nutrition labeling and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration in cancer survivors and the general population: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010–2016

Variables Cancer Survivor General Population P-value
N % N %
Awareness on nutrition labelling      
 Checks nutrition facts and makes labeling-dependent purchase decisions 107 16.30 4468 19.32 <.0001
 Checks nutrition facts but does not make labeling-dependent purchase decisions/ Aware of nutrition facts but does not check them when making food purchase decisions 271 40.84 11,681 52.02  
 Unaware of nutrition facts 346 42.87 8283 28.66  
Sex      
 Male 281 39.88 10,131 46.84 0.1530
 Female 443 60.12 14,301 53.16  
Age (years)      
 30–39 26 5.11 5679 27.64 <.0001
 40–49 86 16.00 5468 27.82  
 50–59 150 23.28 5047 21.82  
 60+ 462 55.61 8238 22.72  
Educational level      
 Under high school graduation 562 75.11 15,778 60.63 <.0001
 Bachelor’s degree 137 20.52 7550 34.32  
 Master’s degree or above 25 4.37 1104 5.04  
Household income      
 Low 238 31.09 4796 15.71 <.0001
 Mid-low 169 22.85 6126 25.55  
 Mid-high 156 21.83 6697 29.41  
 High 161 24.22 6813 29.34  
BMI      
  < 23 357 51.37 10,798 42.86 0.0239
 23–25 158 19.96 5816 24.00  
  > 25 209 28.68 7818 33.14  
Aerobic exercise habits      
 Yes 198 28.44 7048 31.46 0.3800
 No 526 71.56 17,384 68.55  
Smoking status      
 Non-smoker 652 89.51 19,871 77.06 <.0001
 Smoker 72 10.49 4561 22.94  
High-risk drinking      
 No 689 93.83 22,032 87.69 <.0001
 Yes 35 6.17 2400 12.31  
Family history for hyperlipidemia      
 No 704 96.60 23,269 94.99 0.0123
 Yes 20 3.40 1163 5.01  
Survey year      
 2010 104 12.80 4089 14.77 0.0484
 2011 104 13.53 3983 15.17  
 2012 102 12.84 3637 14.54  
 2013 100 16.38 3312 14.17  
 2014 88 13.00 3121 13.64  
 2015 106 14.10 2969 13.68  
 2016 120 17.35 3321 14.03  
Stress awareness      
 Low 559 75.90 18,566 74.82 0.4488
 High 165 24.10 5866 25.18  
Subjective health status      
 Good 163 21.56 7965 33.15 <.0001
 Normal 338 47.32 12,123 50.57  
 Bad 223 31.12 4344 16.28  
The frequency of eating out      
 More than five times a week 118 17.24 7895 38.29 <.0001
 Less than four times a week 606 82.76 16,537 61.71  
Average amount of total energy intake (Kcal) 1754.49 ±29.16 2057.86 ±8.27 <.0001
Average amount of daily carbohydrate intake (g) 297.97 ±4.99 319.75 ±1.22 0.0030
Average amount of daily fat intake (g) 31.42 ±1.09 43.20 ±0.32 <.0001
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 190.02 ±1.50 192.54 ±0.30 0.3827
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 134.51 ±5.94 138.05 ±1.02 0.3745
LDL cholesterol(mg/dL) 112.67 ±1.43 114.80 ±0.28 0.7387
Total 724 100.00 24,432 100.00  
  1. BMI body mass index, LDL low-density lipoprotein
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