Skip to main content

Table 3 Risk of oesophageal carcinoma associated with demographic, family history and socio-economic characteristics

From: Novel risk factors for primary prevention of oesophageal carcinoma: a case-control study from Sri Lanka

Characteristic Cases (N = 49) Controls (N = 196) Non-adjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
No. % No. %
Age
  > 65 years 17 34.7 41 20.9 2.0 (1.2–4.0) 4.0 (1.2–14.2)
  < 65 years (reference)a 32 65.3 155 79.1 1.0 1.0
Sex
 Male 34 69.4 70 35.7 4.1 (2.1–8.0) NSb
 Female (reference)a 15 30.6 126 64.3 1.0  
Family history of cancer
 Yes 11 22.4 20 10.2 2.6 (1.1–5.8) 5.0 (1.3–19.0)
 No (reference)a 38 77.6 176 89.8 1.0 1.0
Employment status
 Ever employedd 42 85.7 132 67.4 2.9 (1.2–6.8) NSb
 Never employed (reference)a 7 14.3 64 32.6 1.0  
Social status
 Low (social class III, IV & V) 46 93.9 170 86.7 2.35 (0.7–8.1)
 High (social class I & II) (reference)a 3 6.1 26 13.3 1.0  
Monthly family income (SLR)
  < 20,000 24 49.0 88 44.9 1.2 (0.6–2.2)
  > 20,000 (reference)a 25 51.0 108 55.1 1.0  
  1. aThe category having the lesser proportion of cases
  2. bNot significant in the logistic regression model
  3. cPreviously employed & currently employed categories were amalgamated for univariate analysis