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Table 4 Cumulative incidence and hazard ratio of cystectomy for patients with muscle-invasive disease comparing antidepressant users to non-users

From: Preadmission antidepressant use and bladder cancer: a population-based cohort study of stage at diagnosis, time to surgery, and surgical outcomes

  Cystectomized, n Three months cumulative incidence, % (95% CI) Unadjusted HR (95% CI) Adjusteda HR (95% CI)
Non-users (n = 4443) 1082 24.3 (23.1–25.6) Ref. Ref.
AD users (n = 510) 76 14.7 (11.8–18.0) 0.60 (0.48–0.76) 0.75 (0.59–0.95)
  1. The cumulative incidence and hazard ratio of cystectomy is determined within three months from the first detection of muscle-invasive disease. AD antidepressant, HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval. aAdjusted for age, sex, CCI, alcohol-related disorders, and marital status