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Table 4 Statistically significant relationships between mean symptom frequency scores (+/− sd) and demographic and clinical variables

From: Colorectal cancer survivors: an investigation of symptom burden and influencing factors

  Fatigue Insomnia Diarrhoea Flat. No stoma Bloating F.I. Stoma F.I. Combined S.F. No stoma Appetite Loss Taste Nausea Vomit Dry mouth Gen pain Abdo pain Butt. pain Sore skin No stoma Sore skin Combined U.F. U.I.
Gender
Male   26.29* (±30.32)    17.56* (±25.97)     13.40* (±24.97)      10.70a (±20.59)     34.47* (±25.88)  
Female   32.56* (±30.37)    23.12* (±28.16)     18.88* (±24.97)      14.45a (±23.08)     29.36* (±25.08)  
Age
  ≤ 54      25.49a (±25.18)    33.33* (±27.22)       21.89*** (±23.61) 23.38*** (±28.44)   24.56a (±29.23) 27.61** (±25.39)  
55–64      20.73a (±29.07)    21.72* (±23.93)       15.47*** (±26.28) 14.81*** (±27.18)   24.74a (±29.77) 28.31** (±25.76)  
  ≥ 65      17.63a (±26.11)    22.42* (±23.66)       8.18*** (±17.41) 10.50*** (±22.04)   17.65a (±26.35) 35.78** (±25.33)  
Site
Colon    17.13** (±27.54) 31.08*** (±31.67)   8.38*** (±18.65)   34.98** (±22.22)    8.70a (±19.73)   16.72** (±24.85) 9.72** (±19.63) 9.24*** (±21.59) 13.70*** (±23.05)    8.51*** (±18.77)
Rectum    26.82** (±32.97) 47.19*** (±30.90)   24.44*** (±29.48)   18.20** (±20.94)    10.99a (±19.86)   22.62** (±25.92) 15.84** (±19.63) 20.26*** (±28.02) 25.93*** (±30.71)    16.39*** (±25.81)
Stage
I      13.73* (±21.99) 7.84* (±14.58)              
II      17.78* (±26.64) 29.49* (±30.30)              
III      20.86* (±27.49) 25.44* (±27.33)              
IV      27.62* (±27.40) 38.89* (±38.97)              
Stoma
Previous 31.81** (± 24.35) 31.71** (±31.03) 24.66* (±31.32)     19.94*** (±25.44)   14.63* (± 24.94) 10.38*** (±20.59) 9.20* (±19.68)   21.07*** (±25.50) 13.71* (±24.05) 20.16*** (±27.81)   22.64*** (±27.81)   9.29** (±16.74)
Current 41.83** (±26.13) 35.64** (±34.72) 24.33* (±29.21)     25.18*** (±28.79)   22.55* (±30.82) 22.22*** (±32.27) 22.21* (±14.54)   28.38*** (±30.24) 16.33* (±23.92) 15.84*** (±26.50)   27.78*** (±29.69)   18.37** (±29.55)
Never 29.80** (±25.49) 24.60** (±27.77) 17.03* (±28.80) 33.33a (±33.44)    11.86*** (±25.13)   12.50* (±26.19) 9.40*** (±19.57) 7.86* (±18.89)   14.49*** (±22.36) 9.65* (±19.15) 8.78*** (±20.88)   14.89*** (±25.77)   10.38** (±20.86)
  1. Flat Flatulence, F.I Faecal incontinence, S.F Stool frequency, Gen. pain General pain, Abdo. pain Abdominal pain, Butt. pain Buttock pain, U.F Urinary frequency, U.I Urinary incontinence
  2. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001
  3. a= Statistical significance demonstrated in nonparametric test only