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Table 3 Association between participant characteristics and diagnostic interval (n = 193)

From: From symptom discovery to treatment - women's pathways to breast cancer care: a cross-sectional study

Variable Diagnostic interval
  N Median p-value
Agea
 Age ≤ 54 years 95 23 0.370
 Age > 54 years 96 30  
Education
 None-Grade 7 48 30 0.839
 Grade 8-Grade 11 93 23  
 Grade 12+ 52 25  
Marital status
 Married 82 29 0.673
 In stable relationship 6 15  
 Single 40 23  
 Widowed 34 28  
 Divorced/separated 31 22  
Paid work
 Yes 50 27 0.654
 No 143 28  
Income statusb
 H0 63 34 0.757
 H1 76 23  
 H2 32 27  
 H3 19 22  
Composite unprompted knowledgea
 None 16 24 0.300
 Very little 164 25  
 Little 13 34  
History of co-morbidities
 History of benign breast disease/fibroadenoma 24 48 0.004
 Any other co-morbidity 105 29  
 None 64 20  
Family history of breast cancer
 Yes 75 23 0.635
 No 100 28  
 Not sure 18 35  
Habit of checking breasts for lumps/changes
 Yes 108 30 0.172
 No 85 25  
First breast change noticedc
 Lump in breast 140 23 0.155
 Other changes 49 34  
Appraisal of first change
Thought it was not serious/minorc    0.047
 Mentioned 94 31.5  
 Not mentioned 95 22  
Thought it was breast cancer c    
 Mentioned 58 22 0.346
 Not mentioned 131 29  
Not sure what change meantc    
 Mentioned 115 27 0.206
 Not mentioned 74 26  
Ignored it/was in denial    
 Mentioned 6 11 0.010
 Not mentioned 187 29  
Reason to have symptom checked
Felt paind    
 Mentioned 56 30 0.443
 Not mentioned 132 23  
Lump was increasing in sized    
 Mentioned 47 23 0.459
 Not mentioned 141 29  
Prompted by family/friendsd    
 Mentioned 94 23 0.486
 Not mentioned 94 30  
Prompted by pamphlet/breast cancer awareness event/TV programd    
 Mentioned 48 21 0.317
 Not mentioned 140 29  
Wanted to be sure nothing was wrongd    
 Mentioned 116 23 0.180
 Not mentioned 72 34  
First health care provider seenb
 Public sector primary health care clinic or district hospitalb 138 30 0.510
 Private practitioner 48 24  
 Other 4 14  
Cancer stage
 Early (stage 1&2) 154 28 0.825
 Late (stage 3&4) 39 21  
  1. a 2 missing records, b 3 missing records, c 4 missing records, d 5 missing records.
  2. H0: persons on social grant; H1: individual income < $5366 per annum (p.a.) or family income < $7667 p.a.; H2: individual income between $5367 and $19,168 p.a. or family income between $7667 and $26,852 p.a.; and H3: individual income >$19,168 p.a. or family income > $26,852 p.a
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