Skip to main content

Table 2 Association between participant characteristics and patient interval (n = 187)

From: From symptom discovery to treatment - women's pathways to breast cancer care: a cross-sectional study

Variable Patient interval
  N Median p-value
Agea
 Age ≤ 54 years 95 21 0.355
 Age > 54 years 90 29  
Education
 None-Grade 7 43 35 0.807
 Grade 8-Grade 11 91 22  
 Grade 12+ 53 23  
Marital status
 Married 76 31 0.163
 In stable relationship 6 10  
 Single 41 15  
 Widowed 35 26  
 Divorced/separated 29 33  
Paid work
 Yes 48 15 0.064
 No 139 28  
Income statusb
 H0 59 32 0.668
 H1 76 17  
 H2 30 19  
 H3 19 33  
Composite unprompted knowledge
 None 14 21.5 0.308
 Very little 160 23  
 Little 13 19  
History of co morbidities
 Benign breast disease/fibroadenoma 23 23 0.522
 Any other co-morbidity 104 22  
 None 60 32  
Family history of breast cancer
 Yes 74 23 0.953
 No 97 23  
 Not sure 16 19  
Habit of checking breasts for lumps/changes
 Yes 105 20 0.087
 No 82 31  
First breast change notice
 Lump 140 22 0.785
 Other changes 47 23  
Appraisal of first change
Thought it was not serious/minor    
 Mentioned 92 33 0.027
 Not mentioned 95 15  
Thought it was breast cancer    
 Mentioned 59 12 0.005
 Not mentioned 128 31  
Not sure what change meant    
 Mentioned 109 27 0.413
 Not mentioned 78 20  
Ignored it/was in denial    
 Mentioned 7 111 0.003
 Not mentioned 180 22  
Reason to have symptom checked
Felt painc    
 Mentioned 54 27 0.550
 Not mentioned 132 22  
Lump was increasing in sizec    
 Mentioned 47 52 0.001
 Not mentioned 139 15  
Prompted by family/friendsc    
 Mentioned 92 31.5 0.053
 Not mentioned 94 15  
Prompted by pamphlet/breast cancer awareness event/TV programc    
 Mentioned 50 25 0.719
 Not mentioned 136 22  
Wanted to be sure nothing was wrongc    
 Mentioned 112 18 0.046
 Not mentioned 74 34  
First health care provider seen
 Public sector primary health care clinic or district hospital 138 27 0.095
 Private practitioner 45 12  
 Other 4 45  
Cancer stage
 Early (stage 1&2) 144 20 0.199
 Late (stage 3&4) 43 33  
  1. a 2 records missing, b 3 records missing, c 1 record missing.
  2. H0: persons on social grant; H1: individual income < $5366 per annum (p.a.) or family income < $7667 p.a.; H2: individual income between $5367 and $19,168 p.a. or family income between $7667 and $26,852 p.a.; and H3: individual income >$19,168 p.a. or family income > $26,852 p.a