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Table 4 Comparison of Population Attributable Fraction (PAF, %) of colorectal cancer mortality and incidence attributable of modified risk factors in various studies

From: Attributable causes of colorectal cancer in China

Studies

Men

Women

Total

Risk factors included

Our studya

49.8

39.6

45.5

Tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, high red and processed meat intake, low fruit and vegetable intake

Worldwide studya[37]

13.0

Overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, low fruit and vegetable intake

  Low and middle income countriesa

11.0

  High income countriesa

15.0

French studya [14]

21.3

16.0

18.8

Alcohol drinking, obesity and overweight and physical inactivity

UK studya [15]

56.5

51.9

54.4

Tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, intake of meat and fibre, overweight and obesity, Physical excises, infections and radiation-ionizing

Japan study [17]

   

Tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, overweight and obesity and physical inactivity

  Colon

51.0

12.8

33.6

  Rectum

46.6

6.5

31.5

  1. aPAFs for colorectal cancer