Skip to main content

Table 4 Comparison of Population Attributable Fraction (PAF, %) of colorectal cancer mortality and incidence attributable of modified risk factors in various studies

From: Attributable causes of colorectal cancer in China

Studies Men Women Total Risk factors included
Our studya 49.8 39.6 45.5 Tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, high red and processed meat intake, low fruit and vegetable intake
Worldwide studya[37] 13.0 Overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, low fruit and vegetable intake
  Low and middle income countriesa 11.0
  High income countriesa 15.0
French studya [14] 21.3 16.0 18.8 Alcohol drinking, obesity and overweight and physical inactivity
UK studya [15] 56.5 51.9 54.4 Tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, intake of meat and fibre, overweight and obesity, Physical excises, infections and radiation-ionizing
Japan study [17]     Tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, overweight and obesity and physical inactivity
  Colon 51.0 12.8 33.6
  Rectum 46.6 6.5 31.5
  1. aPAFs for colorectal cancer