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Table 5 Treatment parameters of LLLT (PBM)

From: Low level laser therapy (Photobiomodulation therapy) for breast cancer-related lymphedema: a systematic review

Study Laser type/model Treatment Area Treatment
Parameters
Laser parameters (output/power density/dose, when available)
Ridner et al. (2013) [49] RianCorp LTU 904 Limb region 20–30 s/point;
20 min session
NR
Mayrovitz and Davey (2011) [54] RianCorp LTU 904H Limb region, 5 points 1 min/point;
5 min/session
5 mW output; 904 nm wavelength; in pulsed mode
[Calculated: 0.3 J per point, 1.5 J total energy]
Dirican et al. (2011) [55] RianCorp LTU-904 Axillary region, 17 points 1 min/point; two Tx cycles of 3 times/wk. for 3 weeks 0.3 J per point; 904 nm
Omar et al. (2011) [48] Pagani IR27/4, GaAs Antecubital fossa, 3 points;
Axillary region, 7 points
2 min/point; 20 min/session, 3 times/wk. for 12 weeks 5 mW output; 904 nm; (maximum frequency of 2800 Hz, pulse duration of 50 ns); average dosage of 1.5 J/cm2
Lau and Cheing (2009) [52] Comby 3 Terza Serie, Model D Axillary region Estimated Tx area of 144 cm2; 20 min/session, 3 times/wk. for 4 weeks Three sources: 808 nm and ×2 905 nm, with outputs 24 mW–500 mW maximum. Combined emission mode with average dosage of 2 J/cm2
Kozanoglu et al. (2009) [50] Electronica Pagani IR27/4, GaAs 904 nm Antecubital fossa;
Axillary region
20 min/session, 3 times/wk. for 4 weeks 904 nm wavelength in pulsed mode (frequency of 2800 Hz); dosage of 1.5 J/cm2
Maiya et al. (2008) [51] He-Ne 632.8 nm laser device and Diode 850 nm laser Axillary region 34 min/session, daily for 10 days 632.8 nm and 850 nm; dosage of 2.4 J/cm2
Kaviani et al. (2006) [47] Mustang-024, GaAs diode laser device Axillary region, 5 points Two LLLT blocks (3 times/wk. for 3 weeks) with an 8-wk. interval (18 sessions in total) 10 W maximum output power, 890 nm wavelength in pulsed mode (frequency of 3000 Hz, pulse width of 130 ns, emission power of 4 mJ/s); dosage of 1.5 J/cm2
Carati et al. (2003) [46] RianCorp LTU 904H Axillary region, 17 points 1 min/point; 17 min/session; two LLLT blocks (3 times/wk. for 3 weeks) with an 8-wk. interval 5 mW average output; 904 nm wavelength in pulsed mode; dosage of 1.5 J/cm2
Piller and Thelander (1995/1998) [44, 45] Space Mid M3-UP Helium Neon laser device Axillary region; forearm; upper arm 30 min/session; 16 sessions (2 times/wk. for 6 weeks followed by 1 time/wk. for 4 weeks) 6.5 mw output power per course; 632.8 nm wavelength (Helium Neon laser); 14 mW average output power; 904 nm wavelength (semiconductor diode infrared lasers); treatment dosage ranged 2–4 J/cm2
  1. Corp corporation, min minutes, NR not reported, sec seconds, Tx treatment, wk. week