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Table 5 Bivariate and multivariate analyses of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and higher (LSIL+) among HIV-1 seropositive women in Cape Coast, Ghana

From: Epidemiology of cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) among a cohort of HIV-infected and uninfected Ghanaian women

VARIABLES LSIL+, n (%) OR (95% CI) P-value aAOR (95% CI) P-value
Age, years
  ≤ 44 7 (7.9) 1   0.5 (0.1–1.8) 0.34
  ≥ 45 4 (5.4) 0.6 (0.2–2.4) 0.53
Education
  ≤ 6 years of formal education 7 (9.7) 1   0.5 (0.2–1.9) 0.30
  > 6 years of formal education 4 (4.4) 0.4 (0.1–1.5) 0.18
Employment
 Unemployed 2 (14.3) 1    
 Employed 9 (6.0) 0.4 (0.1–2.0) 0.24
Smoking history
 Never smoked 10 (6.3) 1    
 Smokers (Ex/current) 1 (20.0) 3.7 (1.4–16.9) 0.23
Number of pregnancies
  ≤ 4 3 (3.3) 1   4.1 (1.1–17.0) 0.05
  > 4 8 (11.1) 3.7 (0.9–14.7) 0.05
Nadir CD4+ count, cells/mm3
  ≤ 350 10 (8.9) 1   0.3 (0.07–0.9) 0.04
  > 350 1 (2.3) 0.2 (0.03–2.0) 0.15
  1. aadjusted for age, level of education, total number of pregnancies and nadir CD4 count