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Table 5 Predictors of 5-year survival in colon cancer patients

From: Survival rates and predictors of survival among colorectal cancer patients in a Malaysian tertiary hospital

Predictors aCrude HR (95% CI) bAdjusted HR (95% CI)
Ethnicity
 Malays 1.00 1.00
 Chinese 1.55 (1.10–2.17) 1.74 (1.07–2.84)
 Indians 1.13 (0.71–1.78) 1.88 (1.01–3.51)
Preoperative CEA levels
 Not elevated 1.00 1.00
 Elevated 2.58 (1.94–3.44) 2.00 (1.30–3.03)
Duke’s stages
 A&B 1.00 1.00
 C 2.13 (1.49–3.05) 2.33 (1.56–3.49)
 D 5.51 (3.73–8.16) 5.87 (3.73–9.24)
  1. HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aUnivariate Cox Proportional Hazard Regression analysis
  3. bMultivariate Cox Proportional Hazard Regression analysis, adjusted for age, gender, co- morbidities (diabetes mellitus, hypertension), tumour grades and treatment modalities