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Table 7 Odds ratios and 95% CIs for effect of NEET status on Fruit & Vegetable Consumptiona

From: Cancer-related health behaviours of young people not in education, employment or training (‘NEET’): a cross-sectional study

Variable All NEETs Included Economically Inactive NEETs Excluded
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
UNIVARIATEb
NEET
 No 1.00* 1.00*
 Yes 1.34 (1.09–1.64) 1.46 (1.11–1.93)
FULLY ADJUSTEDb
NEET
 No 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.10 (0.87–1.39) 1.23 (0.91–1.66)
Fruit consumption the same as usual
 Less than usual 1.00** 1.00**
 More than usual 0.24 (0.18–0.32) 0.24 (0.18–0.32)
 About the same as usual 0.41 (0.34–0.50) 0.39 (0.32–0.48)
Vegetable consumption the same as usual   
 Less than usual 1.00** 1.00**
 More than usual 0.71 (0.55–0.92) 0.74 (0.56–0.96)
 About the same as usual 0.59 (0.50–0.70) 0.59 (0.49–0.70)
Sex
 Male 1.19 (1.02–1.39) 1.19 (1.02–1.40)
 Female 1.00* 1.00*
Ethnicity
 White UK & Irish 1.00** 1.00**
 Other (incl. gypsy/traveller) 0.61 (0.51–0.75) 0.64 (0.52–0.79)
Top academic qualification
 Degree or higher 1.00** 1.00**
 HNC/D or equiv (higher education below degree) 1.24 (0.90–1.70) 1.24 (0.89–1.71)
 Higher/A-level or equiv (upper school qualification) 1.22 (0.96–1.54) 1.18 (0.92–1.50)
 Standard grade/O-level or equiv (lower school qualification) 1.97 (1.51–2.56) 1.90 (1.45–2.49)
 Foreign or other qualification 1.89 (1.20–2.96) 1.95 (1.20–3.19)
 No educational qualification 1.51 (1.07–2.14) 1.45 (0.99–2.12)
Receipt of means-tested benefits
 No 1.00* 1.00*
 Yes 1.19 (1.00–1.40) 1.20 (1.01–1.43)
Total annual household income
  < £15,600 1.00* 1.00*
 £15,600-£25,999 0.87 (0.68–1.12) 0.92 (0.70–1.20)
 £26,000-£36,399 1.06 (0.79–1.41) 1.14 (0.85–1.55)
 £36,400-£51,999 0.81 (0.61–1.07) 0.88 (0.66–1.17)
 £52,000-£69,999 0.68 (0.50–0.93) 0.74 (0.54–1.02)
 £70,000-£150,000+ 0.57 (0.43–0.76) 0.62 (0.46–0.84)
 Refused 0.88 (0.66–1.17) 0.98 (0.72–1.32)
 Don’t know 0.85 (0.62–1.18) 0.99 (0.70–1.40)
Self-assessed general health
 Very good/good 1.00* 1.00*
 Fair/bad/very bad 1.34 (1.03–1.73) 1.34 (1.01–1.77)
Survey
 Health Survey for England (HSE) 1.00** 1.00**
 Scottish Health Survey (SHeS) 1.82 (1.54–2.16) 1.83 (1.53–2.18)
Survey year
 2010 1.00** 1.00**
 2011 1.08 (0.90–1.29) 1.09 (0.90–1.31)
 2012 1.59 (1.28–1.97) 1.56 (1.25–1.94)
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. **p < 0.001
  3. aThe outcome is whether the respondent reported eating less than 5 portions of fruit or vegetables the day before survey interview (yes/no)
  4. bUnivariate refers to the model containing NEET status only and fully adjusted is the model containing all significant socio-demographic and health-related characteristics
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