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Table 4 Odds ratios and 95% CIs for effect of NEET status on Current Smokinga,b

From: Cancer-related health behaviours of young people not in education, employment or training (‘NEET’): a cross-sectional study

Variable All NEETs Included Economically Inactive NEETs Excluded
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
UNIVARIATEc
NEET
 No 1.00** 1.00**
 Yes 2.38 (1.99–2.84) 2.34 (1.85–2.96)
FULLY ADJUSTEDc
NEET
 No 1.00* 1.00*
 Yes 1.36 (1.10–1.68) 1.49 (1.14–1.94)
Sex
 Male 1.26 (1.07–1.49) 1.23 (1.03–1.47)
 Female 1.00* 1.00*
Age 1.06* (1.01–1.11) 1.06* (1.01–1.11)
Ethnicity
 White UK & Irish 1.00** 1.00*
 Other (incl. gypsy/traveller) 0.57 (0.45–0.72) 0.65 (0.50–0.84)
Access to car/van
 Yes 1.00** 1.00**
 No 1.56 (1.29–1.89) 1.41 (1.15–1.73)
Top academic qualification
 Degree or higher 1.00** 1.00**
 HNC/D or equiv (higher education below degree) 1.75 (1.24–2.46) 1.71 (1.21–2.43)
 Higher/A-level or equiv (upper school qualification) 1.39 (1.04–1.86) 1.29 (0.96–1.73)
 Standard grade/O-level or equiv (lower school qualification) 2.68 (1.99–3.61) 2.52 (1.85–3.42)
 Foreign or other qualification 2.98 (1.91–4.63) 3.47 (2.15–5.60)
 No educational qualification 3.04 (2.05–4.51) 3.42 (2.19–5.32)
Housing tenure
 Own outright/with mortgage 1.00** 1.00**
 Other (incl. part rent/part mortgage, renting, rent-free, squatting) 1.97 (1.62–2.39) 1.95 (1.59–2.39)
NSSEC
 Managerial & professional 1.00** 1.00**
 Intermediate 1.24 (0.90–1.71) 1.28 (0.92–1.77)
 Routine & manual 1.38 (1.04–1.84) 1.34 (1.01–1.79)
 Other or never worked/long-term unemployed 0.58 (0.39–0.87) 0.52 (0.33–0.80)
Self-assessed general health
 Very good/good 1.00** 1.00**
 Fair/bad/very bad 1.97 (1.57–2.47) 2.09 (1.63–2.68)
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. **p < 0.001
  3. aThe outcome is whether the respondent reported being a current smoker (yes/no)
  4. bAs the legal minimum age for buying tobacco in Scotland and England is 18 years of age, 16 and 17 year-olds have been excluded from analysis
  5. cUnivariate refers to the model containing NEET status only and fully adjusted is the model containing all significant socio-demographic and health-related characteristics
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