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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and comorbid conditions in hepatitis cohorts identified in 2000–2005

From: Chronic hepatitis infection is associated with extrahepatic cancer development: a nationwide population-based study in Taiwan

  HBV HCV
Variable No
n (%)
Yes
n (%)
X 2 df p value No
n (%)
Yes
n (%)
X 2 df P value
Sex      0.00 1 1.000      0.00 1 1.000
 Women 26832 (42.2) 6708 (42.2)     16864 (47.7) 4216 (47.7)    
 Men 36720 (57.8) 9180 (57.8)     18456 (52.3) 4614 (52.3)    
Age, years      0.00 3 1.000      0.00 3 1.000
  < 50 45564 (71.7) 11391 (71.7)     17116 (48.5) 4279 (48.5)    
 50–59 9308 (14.6) 2327 (14.6)     7284 (20.6) 1821 (20.6)    
 60–69 5896 (9.3) 1474 (9.3)     6784 (19.2) 1696 (19.2)    
  ≥ 70 2784 (4.4) 696 (4.4)     4136 (11.7) 1034 (11.7)    
Geographical region      212.15 3 <0.0001      967.58 3 <0.0001
 Northern 30226 (47.6) 6594 (41.5)     16176 (45.8) 2666 (30.2)    
 Central 12404 (19.5) 3401 (21.4)     6962 (19.7) 1882 (21.3)    
 Southern 16079 (25.3) 4698 (29.6)     9110 (25.8) 3597 (40.7)    
 Eastern and islands 4843 (7.6) 1195 (7.5)     3072 (8.7) 685 (7.8)    
Occupation      118.28 4 <0.0001      277.96 4 <0.0001
 Public 5956 (9.4) 1829 (11.5)     3519 (10.0) 758 (8.6)    
 Labor 19351 (30.4) 5159 (32.5)     12796 (36.2) 4010 (45.4)    
 Business 30002 (47.2) 7070 (44.5)     14066 (39.8) 2879 (32.6)    
 Low income 256 (0.4) 65 (0.4)     183 (0.5) 68 (0.8)    
 Retired 7987 (12.6) 1765 (11.1)     4756 (13.5) 1115 (12.6)    
Urbanization level      94.02 3 <0.0001      428.06 3 <0.0001
 1 (highest) 19662 (30.9) 4431 (27.9)     10499 (29.7) 1873 (21.2)    
 2 18754 (29.5) 4713 (29.7)     10162 (28.8) 2531 (28.7)    
 3 11896 (18.7) 2952 (18.6)     6314 (17.9) 1513 (17.1)    
 4 (lowest) 13232 (20.8) 3791 (23.9)     8340 (23.6) 2912 (33.0)    
Monthly income, NT$      79.93 3 <0.0001      127.57 3 <0.0001
 0 13698 (21.6) 3282 (20.7)     8233 (23.3) 1869 (21.2)    
 1–15,840 7712 (12.1) 1633 (10.3)     4180 (11.8) 990 (11.2)    
 15,841–25,000 27135 (42.7) 6795 (42.8)     15717 (44.5) 4495 (50.9)    
  > 25,000 15007 (23.6) 4178 (26.3)     7190 (20.4) 1476 (16.7)    
Diabetes mellitus      232.42 1 <0.0001      280.01 1 <0.0001
 No 59599 (93.8) 14355 (90.4)     31531 (89.3) 7311 (82.8)    
 Yes 3953 (6.2) 1533 (9.6)     3789 (10.7) 1519 (17.2)    
Hypertension      88.26 1 <0.0001      122.42 1 <0.0001
 No 54129 (85.2) 13054 (82.2)     26215 (74.2) 6038 (68.4)    
 Yes 9423 (14.8) 2834 (17.8)     9105 (25.8) 2792 (31.6)    
Hyperlipidemia      347.37 1 <0.0001      121.67 1 <0.0001
 No 57936 (91.2) 13702 (86.2)     30422 (86.1) 7194 (81.5)    
 Yes 5616 (8.8) 2186 (13.8)     4898 (13.9) 1636 (18.5)    
Outpatient visits, mean (SD) 12 (13) 16 (15)    <0.0001a 14 (15) 21 (18)    <0.0001a
  1. X2 Chi-square test, df degree of freedom
  2. at-test