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Table 2 Principles of FTS pathway and conventional pathway

From: Fast-track surgery improves postoperative clinical recovery and cellular and humoral immunity after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer

  FTS pathway Conventional pathway
Preoperative education Patients were educated systematically by the esophageal clinical nurse consultant; Patients were educated in the standard manner
Day before surgery   
 Diet Last drink 2 h and diet 6 h before operation Last drink and diet at midnight
 Fructose and protein loading Yes No
Day of surgery   
 Nasogastric tube No routine use of nasogastric tube Routine use of nasogastric tube
 Pre-anesthetic medication No Diazepam 10 mg
 Anesthesia General anesthesia + Epidural anesthesia; General anesthesia;
 Maintaining normothermia Yes No
 Transfusion Autologous blood transfusion or limit allogenic blood transfusion Allogenic blood transfusion
 Abdomen tube No routine use of drains Routine placement; Remove at POD3
 Cervical tube No routine use of drains Routine placement; Remove at POD2
 Early postoperative care Patient sent to floor Patient sent to ICU
 Analgesia Epidural PCA Analgesia by morphine or vein PCA
 Enteral nutrition Jejunostomy tube feeding Nasojejunal tube feeding