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Table 4 Odds ratios, OR (and 95 % CI) of prostate cancer by major contributors to TAC: coffee, tea, berries, chocolate, boiled potatoes, multivitamins and vitamin C supplements, Cancer of the Prostate Sweden

From: Total antioxidant intake and prostate cancer in the Cancer of the Prostate in Sweden (CAPS) study. A case control study

Coffee None <2 cups/day 2–3cups/day 4–5cups/day ≥6 cups/day p-trend
 All prostate cancer 139/98 150/121 644/491 413/295 143/107  
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 0.88(0.61–1.26) 0.93(0.69–1.26) 1.03(0.75–1.42) 0.95(0.64–1.40) 0.87
 Fatal prostate cancer 14/44 32/175 103/491 68/295 15/107  
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 0.58(0.31–1.07) 0.73(0.45–1.18) 0.87(0.52–1.44) 0.56(0.29–1.08) 0.51
 Advanced prostate cancer 47/121 47/121 207/491 151/295 53/107  
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 0.90(0.54–1.52) 0.92(0.60–1.41) 1.09(0.70–1.72) 1.00(0.58–1.71) 0.65
 Localized prostate cancer 98/98 103/121 452/491 273/295 94/107  
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 0.86(0.57–1.28) 0.98(0.70–1.36) 1.04(0.72–1.48) 0.93(0.60–1.44) 0.86
 High grade prostate cancer 30/98 22/121 98/491 62/295 19/107  
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 0.53(0.28–1.01) 0.55(0.33–0.92) 0.59(0.24–1.01) 0.45(0.22–0.90) 0.05
 Low grade prostate cancer 55/98 79/121 313/491 177/295 69/107  
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.22(0.77–1.94) 1.22(0.82–1.80) 1.21(0.79–1.84) 1.24(0.76–2.05) 0.60
Tea None <1cup/day 1–2 cups/day >2 cups/day   
 All prostate cancer 605/484 370/262 439/310 75/56   
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.12(0.91–1.37) 1.09(0.89–1.34) 0.97(0.65–1.44)   0.98
 Fatal prostate cancer 142/484 73/262 83/310 9/56   
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 0.95(0.66–1.36) 0.90(0.64–1.26) 0.60(0.28–1.30)   0.16
 Advanced prostate cancer 230/484 131/262 121/310 17/56   
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.06(0.81–1.40) 0.86(0.64–1.15) 0.67(0.37–1.23)   0.12
 Localized prostate cancer 390/484 251/262 318/310 61/56   
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.15(0.92–1.45) 1.20(0.96–1.50) 1.12(0.74–1.70)   0.38
 High grade prostate cancer 94/484 65/262 63/310 9/18   
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.27(0.88–1.83) 0.92(0.63–1.36) 0.64(0.29(1.40)   0.17
 Low grade prostate cancer 265/484 166/262 221/310 41/56   
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.12(0.86–1.45) 1.25(0.97–1.62) 1.12(0.70–1.81)   0.33
Berries None 1–3 /month >1–3/month    
 All prostate cancer 276/231 739/482 474/399    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.16(0.93–1.44) 0.90(0.70–1.44)    0.08
 Fatal prostate cancer 67/231 129/482 610/399    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 0.95(0.67–1.37) 0.87(0.59–1.27)    0.47
 Advanced prostate cancer 98/231 236/482 164/399    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.15(0.85–1.55) 0.90(0.65–1.25)    0.15
 Localized prostate cancer 186/321 513/482 321/399    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.16(0.91–1.49) 0.89(0.68–1.16)    0.11
 High grade prostate cancer 38/231 104/482 89/399    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.19(0.78–1.83) 1.10(0.70–1.72)    0.91
 Low grade prostate cancer 133/231 370/482 190/399    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.17(0.89–1.53) 0.75(0.56–1.02)    <0.01
Chocolate None 1–3/month >1–3/month    
 All prostate cancer 232/258 645/457 612/397    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.38(1.09–1.73) 1.43(1.12–1.82)    0.03
 Fatal prostate cancer 59/258 119/457 129/397    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.26(0.86–1.85) 1.47(0.99–2.20)    0.09
 Advanced prostate cancer 93/258 194/457 212/397    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.19(0.86–1.63) 1.40(1.01–1.96)    0.06
 Localized prostate cancer 146/258 463/457 411/397    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.46(1.13–1.89) 1.43(1.08–1.88)    0.11
 High grade prostate cancer 42/258 88/457 101/397    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.04(0.67–1.60) 1.20(0.77–1.88)    0.33
 Low grade prostate cancer 102/258 310/457 281/397    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.38(1.03–1.85) 1.41(1.03–1.93)    0.09
Boiled potatoes 0–4×/w 4–6×/w ≥1×/day    
 All prostate cancer 266/195 668/545 555/372    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 0.92(0.73–1.16) 1.12(0.87–1.42)    0.21
 Fatal prostate cancer 42/195 151/545 114/372    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.27(0.85–1.90) 1.31(0.86–2.01)    0.26
 Advanced prostate cancer 86/195 219/545 194/372    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 0.88(0.64–1.20) 1.07(0.77–1.49)    0.45
 Localized prostate cancer 181/195 464/545 375/372    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.00(0.79–1.29) 1.20(0.92–1.57)    0.13
 High grade prostate cancer 33/195 107/545 91/372    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.18(0.75–1.84) 1.33(0.83–2.12)    0.21
 Low grade prostate cancer 134/195 107/545 91/372    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 0.90(0.68–1.19) 1.07(0.79–1.45)    0.45
Multivitamins None <7/week ≥7/week    
 All prostate cancer 1166/930 69/32 254/150    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.48(0.95–2.30) 1.27(1.01–1.60)    0.07
 Fatal prostate cancer 183/930 12/32 37/150    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.65(0.84–3.24) 1.37(0.95–1.99)    0.18
 Advanced prostate cancer 391/930 24/32 84/150    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.69(0.97–2.97) 1.29(0.95–1.75)    0.08
 Localized prostate cancer 803/930 46/32 171/150    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.34(0.83–2.17) 1.21(0.94–1.55)    0.18
 High grade prostate cancer 165/930 14/32 52/150    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 2.20(1.11–4.33) 1.93(1.32–2.81)    0.03
 Low grade prostate cancer 552/930 25/32 116/150    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.08(0.62–1.89) 1.25(0.85–1.85)    0.75
Vitamin C None <7/week ≥7/week    
 All prostate cancer 1271/984 106/62 112/66    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.20(0.86–1.68) 1.22(0.88–1.70)    0.14
 Fatal prostate cancer 200/984 19/62 13/66    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.27(0.75–2.16) 0.86(0.47–1.55)    0.19
 Advanced prostate cancer 423/984 36/62 40/66    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.32(0.85–2.06) 1.47(0.96–2.25)    0.14
 Localized prostate cancer 866/984 78/62 76/66    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.25(0.87–1.79) 1.15(0.80–1.65)    0.20
 High grade prostate cancer 195/984 21/62 15/66    
 Fully adj. OR 1.00 1.48(0.86–2,55) 0.93(0.50–1.71)    0.80
Low grade prostate cancer 593/984 43/62 57/66    
Fully adj. OR 1.00 0.99(0.65–1.51) 1.25(0.85–1.85)    0.18
  1. Fully adjusted models are adjusted for: age, region, smoking (never, former, current), BMI (categories), education (categories), energy intake, calcium (quartiles), zinc(quartiles). Food models mutually adjusted for chocolate (categories), coffee (categories), berries (categories), tea (categories), boiled potatoes (categories). Supplement models mutually adjusted for vitamin C supplement intake and multivitamin intake