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Table 3 Regression coefficients between milk and dairy consumption per capita and the ASIR of NPC in high- and low-risk countries/regions, 1998–2002

From: Milk consumption in relation to incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in 48 countries/regions

   High-risk Low-risk
  Sex N h Adjusted standardized coefficient (asβh) p value N l Adjusted standardized coefficient (asβl) p value
MEBC Males 8 −0.122 0.75 40 −0.125 0.54
Females −0.254 0.50 −0.029 0.52
MWF Males 6 −0.349 0.66 40 −0.060 0.72
Females −0.356 0.64 −0.091 0.59
CHF Males 6 −0.003 0.99 37 −0.022 0.92
Females −0.055 0.95 −0.066 0.77
BGF Males 6 −0.140 0.82 37 −0.040 0.82
Females −0.145 0.81 −0.048 0.79
CRF Males 4 −0.631 0.44 26 −0.444* 0.04
Females −0.662 0.40 −0.375 0.08
  1. ASIR age standardized incidence rate, NPC nasopharyngeal carcinoma
  2. MEBC milk excluding butter, MWF milk (whole), CHF cheese, BGF butter & ghee, CRF fresh cream
  3. *p < 0.05 (2-tailed). Adjusted for Human Development Index
  4. h High-risk regions
  5. l Low-risk regions