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Table 3 Characteristics of the sample (N = 255)

From: Prevalence and correlates of healthy lifestyle behaviors among early cancer survivors

Variable Variable  
Age years (SD) 60.6 (10.7) Type of cancer  
Gender    Breast, n (%) 150 (58.8)
 Female, n (%) 193 (70.7)  Colon, n (%) 51 (20)
Marital status    Other, n (%)a 54 (21.1)
 Living with partner, n (%) 217 (86.5) Type of treatment  
Educational level    Surgery alone, n (%) 32 (12.6)
 Low, n (%) 137 (54.6)  Surgery and chemotherapy, n (%) 55 (21.7)
 Medium, n (%) 47 (18.7)  Surgery and radiotherapy, n (%) 46 (18.1)
 High, n (%) 67 (26.3)  Surgery, chemo- & radiotherapy, n (%) 92 (36.2)
Employment status    Other, n (%) 29 (11.4)
 Not working, n (%) 158 (64) Participation in aftercare  
Income level    Yes, n (%) 134 (53)
 Below average, n (%) 51 (21.1) Number of weeks after treatment, mean (SD) 26.5 (12.7)
 Average, n (%) 70 (28.9) HADS, mean, (SD) 8.2 (6.7)
 Above average, n (%) 121 (50)  HADS anxiety, mean (SD) 4.7 (3.9)
BMI, mean (SD) 26.7 (9.4)  HADS depression, mean (SD) 3.5 (3.5)
 < 18,5: underweight, n (%) 1 (0.4) MAC  
 18,5-25: healthy weight, n (%) 113 (45.7)  Positive adjustment, mean (SD) 51.1 (7.0)
 25-30: overweight, n (%) 95 (38.5)  Negative adjustment, mean (SD) 29.6 (7.0)
 30-35: obesity, n (%) 25 (10.1) IPQR, mean (SD) 32.5 (10.9)
 > 35: extreme obesity, n (%) 13 (5.3) SPSIR  
EORTC QLQ-C30    Positive problem orientation, mean (SD) 2.4 (0.8)
 Global health status, mean (SD) 78.1 (16.5)  Negative problem orientation, mean (SD) 1.1 (0.9)
 Physical functioning, mean (SD) 85 (15.3) Alcohol Attitude, mean (SD) 2.2 (1.3)
 Role functioning, mean (SD) 79.4 (23.8)  Social support, mean (SD) 2.2 (1.5)
 Emotional functioning, mean (SD) 80.1 (20.4)  Self-efficacy, mean (SD) 3.6 (1.3)
 Cognitive functioning, mean (SD) 80.6 (22)  Intention, mean (SD) 2.4 (1.5)
 Social functioning, mean (SD) 82.8 (21.4) Physical Activity Attitude, mean (SD) 4.6 (0.5)
 Body Image, mean (SD) 82.3 (22.8)  Social support, mean (SD) 3.6 (1.2)
 Fatigue, mean (SD) 27 (23.9)  Self-efficacy, mean (SD) 3.5 (1.1)
 Nausea and Vomiting, mean (SD) 3.3 (10.3)  Intention, mean (SD) 4.7 (0.7)
 Pain, mean (SD) 15.9 (22.6) Nutrition Attitude, mean (SD) 4.1 (0.7)
 Dyspnea, mean (SD) 12 (21.9)  Social support, mean (SD) 3.1 (1.3)
 Insomnia, mean (SD) 26.1 (28)  Self-efficacy, mean (SD) 3 (0.9)
 Appetite loss, mean (SD) 6.2 (16.6)  Intention vegetable consumption, mean (SD) 4.2 (1.0)
 Constipation, mean (SD) 8.2 (18.4)  Intention fruit consumption, mean (SD) 4.0 (1.1)
 Diarrhea, mean (SD) 7.5 (20)   
 Financial difficulties, mean (SD) 10.6 (22.5)   
  1. Notes: n: numbers of participants; SD: standard deviation; BMI: Body Mass Index; EORTC: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer; QoL: Quality of Life; HADS: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale;MAC: Mental Adjustment to Cancer scale; IPQ: Illness Perception Questionnaire; SPSIR-R:S Short Social Problem Solving Inventory-Revised
  2. a other types of cancer were prostate (9 %); Non-Hodgkins’s lymphpma (5.9 %), ovarian (3.1 %); bladder (1.2 %); cervix (0.4 %); Hodgkins’s lymphpma (0.4 %)