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Table 5 PR of screening non-participation by multimorbidity ≤2 years and >2–10 years before screening (n = 144,264)

From: Non-participation in breast cancer screening for women with chronic diseases and multimorbidity: a population-based cohort study

  Unadjusted Model 1a Model 2b
  ≤2 years >2–10 years ≤2 years >2–10 years ≤2 years >2–10 years
  PR (95 % CI) PR (95 % CI) PR (95 % CI) PR (95 % CI) PR (95 % CI) PR (95 % CI)
Disease count       
 0 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
 1 1.36 (1.32–1.40) 1.25 (1.22–1.28) 1.25 (1.21–1.29) 1.14 (1.11–1.18) 1.20 (1.16–1.24) 1.08 (1.04–1.11)
 2 1.80 (1.68–1.39) 1.60 (1.52–1.69) 1.55 (1.45–1.67) 1.38 (1.31–1.45) 1.47 (1.36–1.58) 1.25 (1.18–1.32)
  ≥ 3 2.08 (1.68–2.57) 1.87 (1.65–2.12) 1.69 (1.36–2.09) 1.52 (1.33–1.73) 1.58 (1.27–1.96) 1.33 (1.17–1.52)
Multimorbidity (≥2 diseases)     
 No 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
 Yes 1.77 (1.65–1.89) 1.58 (1.51–1.66) 1.52 (1.42–1.63) 1.36 (1.30–1.43) 1.38 (1.29–1.49) 1.28 (1.22–1.35)
Severe multimorbidity (≥3 diseases)     
 No 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
 Yes 2.00 (1.62–2.48) 1.79 (1.58–2.03) 1.63 (1.31–2.02) 1.47 (1.29–1.67) 1.53 (1.23–1.90) 1.44 (1.26–1.64)
Physical multimorbidity      
 No 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
 Yes 1.69 (1.56–1.82) 1.49 (1.40–1.58) 1.47 (1.36–1.59) 1.30 (1.23–1.38) 1.37 (1.26–1.49) 1.23 (1.16–1.31)
Physical-mental multimorbidity     
 No 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
 Yes 2.20 (1.94–2.49) 1.88 (1.73–2.04) 1.80 (1.60–2.02) 1.52 (1.40–1.66) 1.54 (1.36–1.75) 1.42 (1.30–1.56)
  1. aAdjusted for age, ethnicity, marital status and education
  2. bAdjusted for age, ethnicity, marital status, education, and for being registered in the NPR or PCRR with the studied multimorbidity in the other time period (yes/no). E.g. severe multimorbidity 0–2 year is adjusted for SEP, and for being in hospital contact with 3 or more chronic disease groups >2-10 years before screening
  3. Statistically significant results in bold