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Table 3 Mean difference in the physical activity and sedentary behavior outcomes from baseline to 8 weeks and 20 weeks, and p value for the difference in change between treatment groups

From: Impact of a nutrition and physical activity intervention (ENRICH: Exercise and Nutrition Routine Improving Cancer Health) on health behaviors of cancer survivors and carers: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial

   Mean change from baseline (95 % CI) Adjusted mean difference (95 % CI) Group-by-time
Outcome Time from baseline Control Intervention   P-value
Mean daily steps (pedometer-assessed) 8 week −1294 (-2214 to -374.1) 800.8 (52.3 to 1549.3) 2094.7 (908.9 to 3280.5) 0.0028
  20 week −1282 (-2394 to -170.6) 478.8 (-639.4 to 1597.0) 1761.0 (184.3 to 3337.8)  
Mean daily steps (with imputation of steps for swimming, cycling, resistance training) 8 week −1672 (-2873 to -471.9) 1137.8 (122.3 to 2153.3) 2810.1 (1237.8 to 4382.3) 0.0009
  20 week −2124 (-3546 to -702.9) 657.20 (-697.1 to 2011.5) 2781.5 (818.2 to 4744.8)  
Moderate-to-vigorous PA (minutes per week) 8 week 9.6 (-26.2 to 45.4) 33.87 (-4.7 to 72.4) 24.3 (-28.3 to 76.8) 0.2168
  20 week 8.7 (-21.4 to 38.9) −16.2 (-39.8 to 7.5) −24.9 (-63.2 to 13.4)  
Resistance training (minutes per week) 8 week 16.0 (-0.01 to 32.0) 38.3 (21.2 to 55.5) 22.3 (-1.1 to 45.8) 0.1039
  20 week 12.3 (-8.9 to 33.5) 29.3 (15.6 to 43.0) 17.0 (-8.3 to 42.2)  
Total sitting time on last WORK DAY, excluding sleep (minutes per day): 8 week 201.3 (-131.3 to 534.0) −132.5 (-347.0 to 82.1) −333.8 (-729.6 to 62.0) 0.2412
  20 week 162.9 (-41.4 to 367.2) −28.5 (-271.5 to 214.4) −191.4 (-508.8 to 126.0)  
Total sitting time on last NON-WORK DAY, excluding sleep (minutes per day): 8 week 82.6 (-140.6 to 305.8) 69.5 (-99.1 to 238.1) −13.1 (-292.8 to 266.6) 0.4275
  20 week −74.7 (-231.6 to 82.2) 52.4 (-84.7 to 189.5) 127.1 (-81.3 to 335.4)