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Table 3 Functional status and quality of life

From: Vulnerability in elderly patients with gastrointestinal cancer – translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the European Portuguese version of the Vulnerable Elders Survey (VES-13)

  VES-13 < 3 VES-13 ≥ 3 P value *
n = 104 (%) n = 102 (%)  
EQ-5D-5L
 Mobility      <0.001
  No problems 72 (69) 16 (16)  
  Problems 32 (31) 86 (84)  
 Self-care      <0.001
  No problems 97 (93) 35 (34)  
  Problems 7 (7) 67 (66)  
 Usual activities      <0.001
  No Problems 84 (81) 20 (20)  
  Problems 20 (19) 82 (80)  
 Pain/discomfort      0.001
  No problems 48 (46) 24 (24)  
  Problems 55 (54) 77 (76)  
 Anxiety/depression      0.193
  No problems 34 (33) 25 (24)  
  Problems 69 (67) 76 (76)  
 VAS, median [p25-p75] 70 [60–80] 50 [40–60] <0.001**
CLINICAL JUDGMENT      <0.001
  Fit 85 (82) 33 (32)  
  Vulnerable/fragile 19 (8) 69 (68)  
ECOG PERFORMANCE STATUS      <0.001
  0 58 (56) 13 (13)  
  1 46 (44) 38 (37)  
  ≥2 -   51 (50)  
KARNOFSKY PERFORMANCE STATUS      <0.001
  100 28 (27) 6 (6)  
  90 48 (46) 17 (17)  
  80 26 (25) 29 (28)  
  ≤70 2 (2) 50 (49)  
  1. VES-13 – Vulnerable Elders Survey: < 3 → fit; ≥ 3 → vulnerable/fragile; VAS - Visual Analogue Scale; ECOG – Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group;* - Chi-square test; p - significance level; **Mann–Whitney test