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Table 4 Women’s attitudes about HPV vaccines after intervention by education levels

From: Effect of a group educational intervention on rural Chinese women’s knowledge and attitudes about human papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccines

Item To vaccinate themselves*   To vaccinate their daughter (s)  
All Education Education All Education Education
  ≤9 years >9 years   ≤9 years >9 years
n (%) n (%) n (%) P n (%) n (%) n (%) P
(1)Reasons for willing to vaccinate themselves (n = 513) To vaccinate their daugher(s) (n = 560)
Can Benefit myself/my daughter(s) 198 (26.9) 153 (25.2) 45 (34.9) 0.110b 231 (28.6) 188 (27.2) 43 (36.4) 0.187c
Fear of HPV infection 161 (21.9) 132 (21.7) 29 (22.5) 187 (23.1) 160 (23.2) 27 (22.9)
Fear of having CC 322 (43.8) 276 (45.5) 46 (35.6) 334 (41.3) 296 (42.8) 38 (32.2)
Fear of having genital warts 51 (6.9) 42 (6.9) 9 (7.0) 55 (6.8) 45 (6.5) 10 (8.5)
Total 736 607 129   809 691 118  
(2)Reasons for unwilling to vaccinate themselves(n = 65) To vaccinate their daugher(s)(n = 76)
I don’t have risk 19 (28.4) 17 (28.8) 2 (25.0) 0.004 c 26 (31.8) 24 (32.9) 2 (20.0) 0.136c
Don’t think the vaccination works 23 (34.3) 23 (39.0) 0 (0.0) 24 (28.2) 23 (31.5) 1 (10.0)
It hasn’t been widely used 7 (10.4) 4 (6.8) 3 (37.5) 10 (11.8) 7 (9.6) 3 (30.0)
Vaccination causes risks 5 (7.5) 3 (5.1) 2 (25.0) 6 (7.1) 5 (6.8) 1 (10.0)
Doubts on the resource 7 (10.4) 7 (11.8) 0 (0.0) 6 (8.2) 4 (5.5) 2 (20.0)
No answer** 6 (9.0) 5 (8.5) 1 (12.5) 11 (12.9) 10 (13.7) 1 (10.0)
Total 67 59 8   83 73 10  
  1. bχ2 test, cFisher’s exact test
  2. *585 women were aged ≤45 years, 7 were excluded from the analysis due to lack of information on intent to vaccinate themselves
  3. **Women that did not answer the question were not included in the analysis
  4. Boldface reflects statistical significance