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Table 1 IFA and IBs in BC and control sera

From: Autoantibodies in breast cancer sera are not epiphenomena and may participate in carcinogenesis

  Convenience control female Osteoarthritis control female Benign breast disease Ductal carcinoma in situ Invasive carcinoma
Age in years mean [range] 53 [40–62] 63 [40–87] 54.7 [34–85] 58.9 [32–87] 60.7 [31–88]
Low titer ≥ 1:100 [%] 15 32 61 70 76
High titer ≥ 1:320–640 [%] 2 6 27 46 51
Immunoblots ≥1:500 [%] ND ND 39 85 85
IFA + immunoblots [%] ND ND 66 95 99
  1. All reactive sera at 1:100 by IFA were titrated to the end point. ND, not done.