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Table 1 Patient data

From: Changing the clinical course of glioma patients by preoperative motor mapping with navigated transcranial magnetic brain stimulation

  nTMS non-nTMS p-value
Mean age (years) 58.0 ± 13.8 60.3 ± 14.7 0.3328
Gender (%) Male 64.3 64.3 1.0000
Female 35.7 35.7
Median preoperative Karnofsky performance status (%) 80.0 (95% CI 76.7 – 83.3) 80.0 (95% CI 76.7 – 83.3) 0.3351
Preoperative paresis (%) None 68.6 71.4 0.5079
Mild 24.3 25.7
Severe 7.1 2.9
Histology (%) WHO grade III 22.9 20.0 0.6804
WHO grade IV 77.1 80.0
Mean tumor diameter (cm) 4.1 ± 2.7 4.2 ± 1.8 0.9328
Mean follow-up (months) 12.8 ± 10.4 17.6 ± 19.5 0.0742
  1. Detailed overview on age, gender, Karnofsky performance status (KPS), preoperative neurological status, histology, mean tumor diameter on axial slices, and mean follow-up of the nTMS compared to the non-nTMS group. Preoperative paresis: none = no paresis, mild = BMRC grade of muscle strength ≥ 4-/5, severe = BMRC grade of muscle strength ≤ 3/5.