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Table 2 The distribution of socio-demographic characteristics and risk factors

From: The DNA load of six high-risk human papillomavirus types and its association with cervical lesions

Characteristic Categories n % With CIN (n = 59) Without CIN (n =114) p
n % n %
Age, years <30 29 16.76 11 18.64 18 15.79 0.493
30–40 54 31.21 21 35.59 33 28.95
>40 90 52.02 27 45.76 63 55.26
Origin Bogotá 65 37.57 32 54.24 33 28.95 0.001
Other city 108 62.43 27 45.76 81 71.05
Ethnicity Other 7 4.05 3 5.08 4 3.51 0.691
Mestizo 166 95.95 56 94.92 110 96.49
Average monthly income * ≤ minimum 155 89.06 53 89.83 102 89.47 0.942
>minimum 18 10.40 6 10.17 12 10.53  
Educational level No schooling 1 0.58 1 1.69 0 0.00 0.094
Primary 82 47.40 22 37.29 60 52.63
Secondary 74 42.77 28 47.46 46 40.35
Technical 10 5.78 6 10.17 4 3.51
Graduate 6 3.47 2 3.39 4 3.51
Marital status Single 17 9.83 4 6.78 13 11.40 0.673
Married 20 11.56 7 11.86 13 11.40
Divorced 8 4.62 4 6.78 4 3.51
Living with partner 126 72.83 43 72.88 83 72.81
Widow 2 1.16 1 1.69 1 0.88
Healthcare scheme affiliation Subsidised- linked 159 91.91 52 88.14 107 93.86 0.191
Contributory-private 14 8.09 7 11.86 7 6.14
Smoker No 146 84.39 49 83.05 97 85.09 0.726
Yes 27 15.61 10 16.95 17 14.91  
Age at first intercourse, years <16 41 23.70 10 16.95 31 27.19 0.133
16 132 76.30 49 83.05 83 72.81
Lifetime number of sexual partners 1 72 41.62 26 44.07 46 40.35 0.868
2–3 84 48.55 27 45.76 57 50.00
>3 17 9.83 6 10.17 11 9.65
Contraceptive method None 65 37.57 19 32.20 46 40.35 0.697
Surgery 52 30.06 15 25.42 22 19.30
Hormonal 19 10.98 18 30.51 34 29.82
Barrier 37 21.39 7 11.86 12 10.53
Pregnancies None 4 2.31 1 1.69 3 2.63 0.326
1–2 76 43.93 28 47.46 48 42.11
3–4 74 42.77 27 45.76 47 41.23
>4 19 10.98 3 5.08 16 14.04
Abortions None 82 47.40 27 45.76 55 48.25 0.818
1 68 39.31 25 42.37 43 37.72
≥2 23 13.29 7 11.86 16 14.04
STD No 137 79.19 47 79.66 90 78.95 0.913
Yes 36 20.81 12 20.34 24 21.05
  1. Values in bold = p < 0.05.
  2. *The minimum average monthly income (2014 rate) would be roughly US $300.
  3. p = p value; CIN: cervical intraepithelial neoplasia; STD: sexually transmitted disease.
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